Two-thirds of Germans and 61 percent of firms support the transition to alternative sources of supply. But the task is performed poorly, electricity prices have steadily increased. Two years ago, immediately after the accident at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, Japan, German Chancellor Angela Merkel (Angela Merkel) proclaimed a new course: the rejection of nuclear power and all-round development of alternative energy. The purpose of the good. In 2012, according to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Environment, has 22.9 per cent of all electricity consumed in the country worked out alternative sources. Number of wind turbines and solar power plants is growing before our eyes. However, success has a downside: sharply and steadily rising electricity prices.
Electricity prices are rising because the government shifts the subsidies provided to producers of alternative energy on to the consumer. 5.3 euro cent per kilowatt-hour price — is the extra charge for switching to renewable energy sources. Dissatisfaction with these express not only households but also many industrial enterprises.
The load is evenly distributed in the past. Part of the energy-intensive industries — a list of about two thousand — are exempt from co-pay for "green energy". This, for example, aluminum or cement plants. It is believed that otherwise they can not compete with companies in countries where electricity prices are much lower. However, there are funny things: the list of beneficiaries were several firms serving the golf course.
EU Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger German (Gunther Ottinger) believes that the process of transferring production from Germany to countries with lower electricity prices have already begun. Exact figures are not EU Commissioner calls it, in his words, "an underlying process."
But here's a specific example: the firm basi Gase und Technik. It produces a variety of industrial gases (e.g., acetylene), for the food industry and medicine. Production facilities are located in Germany and in France, "We froze our investment volume of over 10 million in Germany, because under the current volatile energy policies simply do not know what will be the price of electricity," — said the executive director of Nawrat Ingo (Ingo Nawrath).
According to him, the accounts of the company for electricity in Germany "have increased by 270 percent, and all because of taxes and target bonuses." Therefore, the most energy-intensive production is based in France. There's firm basi Gase und Technik consumes 140 million kilowatt-hours per year. "If this consumption is taxed premium for" green energy ", we would long ago have gone bankrupt," — says Nawrat.
"Germany as an industrial power really faced with a challenge. If electricity prices will continue to rise, it will lead to a drop in competitiveness of many enterprises,"
— confirms the Institute of the German Economy Hanno Kemperman (Hanno Kempermann). Most problems arise from firms that can not shift production abroad, because they have large facilities as well as those businesses that need to stay close to consumers.
It should be less than the cost-sharing argue, but simply to reduce them, said a representative of the trade union of workers mining, chemical and energy industries Ralf Bartels (Ralf Bartels). Meanwhile, government subsidies have led to the rapid growth of investment in alternative sources of energy.
"If the wind farms produce more electricity than can withstand a network, they simply switched off. However, the state guarantees the payment of the owners. So it turns out that the owners do not care, spinning windmills or not. They earn, and we pay for it" —
Ingo Nawrat fought with solar panels. They are, in his opinion, it is already too much. Wind turbines are expensive, and solar panels, each home owner can install on the roof and count the profits. But Germany — is not Algeria or, for example, Turkmenistan. There is much less sunny days a year. So that solar panels in Germany is not as much energy to produce, consume much money Nawrat lamented.