In Novosibirsk, started a two-day Russian-German Workshop on "Climate Change in Siberia — a challenge to our society?".
Scientific leadership seminar on the German side carries Dr. Rolf Baur (Technical University of Dresden), the Russian side project led Ph.D., Paul A. Barsukov (Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry). Novosibirsk is the third Siberian city, where is the workshop — a few days before global warming discussed in Irkutsk and Krasnoyarsk.
Dr. Baur believes that from a scientific point of view there is no doubt in the existence of global warming. However, this fact is not yet recognized by politicians. Mr. Baur explains what caused the social interest in the problems of climate it is today: "The responsibility for climate change is trying to secure international agreements, which are created in the framework of the United Nations, to such documents is the Kyoto Protocol, which sets limits for emissions of greenhouse gases for individual countries, and this agreement completes its action this year. The need to create documents like the Kyoto Protocol, the scientific community has actively supported, resulting in relevant conferences. Unfortunately, in spite of our initiative, significant progress is not visible. Of course, would like to see the heads of government and international organizations have introduced regulations to reduce emissions, but what do you do when this happens? We can sit back and say — "It did not work". Therefore we attract to this problem to the attention of the world community. "
Dr. Baur told what anthropogenic factors behind climate change. Also at the seminar can be familiar with some predictions on the effects of this phenomenon, including the melting of glaciers, the extinction of plant and animal species, damage to agriculture and the threat of famine, worsening epidemiological environment, climate migration. As for the Russian and Siberian conditions, can not avoid flood, abnormal temperature readings, the melting of permafrost under the Siberian bogs, resulting in the release of stored for centuries methane. According to the forecasts of German scientists, the area of permafrost in Yakutia in the next 25-30 years will be reduced by 10-18%, and its boundary will shift to the north-east by 150-200 kilometers. Depth of seasonal thawing everywhere will increase by 15-25%, and in some areas of Western Siberia — up to 50%.
One of the main ways to confront global warming is a rejection of the traditional in favor of alternative energy: wind turbines, solar, hydro, and others. But despite the fact that that the energy sector is actively developing, the problem is not close to being resolved. "We were not enough, the fact that renewable energy sources and systems for storing her study science. We need to create economic, social and political background to these technologies have been implemented. I will give two examples of policy measures in the field of protection of a healthy environment. First, it is the right to sell quotas on greenhouse gas emissions, recorded in the Kyoto Protocol. Second, (at the level of Germany), it should be noted the law to promote the development of science in the field of renewable energy sources, according to which the producers of such facilities reimbursed some of the costs, which creates conditions for investment in the industry. Need to develop and expand these measures everywhere "- said Dr. R. Baur.