Climate change is having a devastating impact on the glaciers in the mountains of Southwest China, writes derstandard.at.
Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing recorded "high fever" and "dramatic retreat of glaciers." The study was published Tuesday in Environmental Research Letters of the British Institute of Physics (IOP) in London.
Pentsyuy glaciers in the Himalayas, an area of 131 square kilometers, in the period from 1970 to 2001 is completely melted. Level glaciers in the mountains Yalkun Ganzhigabu dropped between 1980 and 2001, more than 1,500 meters. The researchers also identified a significant increase in the glacial lakes.
"Melting glaciers are primarily caused by an increase in temperature, especially in the mountainous areas," — said study author Lee Zongxing. About 80 weather stations showed an increase in temperature between 1961 and 2008. 14 meteorological stations located at an altitude of over 4,000 meters, showed an increase in mean annual temperature by 1.73 degrees.
"Impact of climate change is much more serious than simply changing the landscape — the newspaper writes. — Glaciers are an integral part of the high mountain ecosystems, and play an important role in the life of the population ".
The increase in melting glaciers may cause floods and landslides, affecting the natural environment and causing harm to the development of tourism and economy.