We — a cult. Family.
In the next five years will be significantly enhanced public support for families with children.
Increase in child benefits, targeted assistance, tax and housing benefits, a significant reduction in infant and maternal mortality — all undoubtedly played a role in the stabilization of the demographic situation in Belarus. However, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security recognize that complacency is too early. The problem is still quite sharp. So, last year, came to light in the 1690 Belarusian less. In this case, the lowest birth rates recorded in Vitebsk and Mogilev regions. In all, ten years, the population of Belarus decreased by 540 thousand people.
— This must change — convinced the Minister of Labour and Social Protection Marianna SHCHetkina. — The more so in the coming years will affect the consequences of the demographic decline of the 1990s. We should not be in the West, where the total fertility rate does not exceed 1.2-1.3. Today the figure in Belarus is slightly higher than the average in Europe. However, it offers only the reproduction of the population by two thirds.
Therefore, the plans for the next five years to raise the bar to 1.6-1.7. Ideally, the total fertility rate should be not less than 2.1. Only then will the population decline will stop.
— It is necessary to take all measures in order to reduce mortality and increase life expectancy, stop the depopulation of the nation — expressed his point of view, speaking in the House of Representatives, Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Tozik. — If we do not, then the 200 years of our nation simply can not be. So the family should become a cult for Belarusians.
And many years …
In the life of Belarusians have already showed some positive signs. For five years it has increased by 1.7 years and in 2009 was 70.5 years, including men — 64.7, female — 76.4. And among men, this figure is higher than in Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine. Meanwhile, we have to strive for. After all, for example, in Switzerland, Japan, Sweden, Italy, male life expectancy is 78-80, and the women and even more — 82,9-86,6 years.
Mom and baby — in the order
Almost double compared to the late nineties to 2005, and managed to reduce the infant mortality rate — from 12.4 to 6.4 cases. Last year, the figure dropped altogether to 4 and now not only is the lowest among the CIS countries, but also corresponds to many developed countries, such as Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, France, Czech Republic. In the UK, Israel and Canada in a thousand babies have been five infant deaths in the United States and Poland — to 6. And in some countries the statistics and does look depressing. For example, in Bulgaria and Russia, the infant mortality rate is 11, in Ukraine — 12, Georgia — 33, Uzbekistan — 46, India — 52 cases.
Belarus is one of the best positions in the CIS and the maternal mortality rate. Ten years ago, at 100,000 babies 21.3 maternal deaths, in 2009 0.9.
However, the overall mortality rate, unfortunately, in recent years, increased slightly. And one of the reasons for this phenomenon — the growing number of older people. However, the trend of the aging of the population today is typical not only for our country but for the entire European region. And it can only be overcome by the excess of births over deaths.
Allowance plus apartment
Certainly, says Marianne Shchetkina, to stimulate the birth rate is not the last role of economic levers. Therefore, payments for children is expected to increase further, with a plan to gradually bring them to a level comparable with wages. In addition, the new program of demographic security rate will be made on the differentiation of benefits depending on the number of children in the family. Another area that will receive special attention — increased support for families with two or three children in solving the housing problem. In the presence of the parents of four or more children and did developed a mechanism for providing free social housing. Finally, there are proposals to increase the duration of the pre-delivery leave for pregnant working women.
However, the belief in the Ministry of Labour and Social Security is not the only way to solve the problem. Modern parents need to create the conditions so that they can raise their children without compromising their careers. Then the birth of a child, many families will not be put off by the "next".