Today is the International Court of Justice should announce a decision on the legality of Kosovo's independence from Serbia. This is the first time the Court hears the case on the separation of the territory of a sovereign state.
The court will give the answer to the claim of Belgrade, according to which Kosovo's declaration of independence in February 2008 he wason the violation of the territorial integrity of Serbia.
Although the decision of the International Court would be advisory in nature, it will become an important political and diplomatic reasons.
The decision in favor of the right to self-determination of Pristina may encourage more countries to recognize Kosovo's independence. Now of the 192 member states of the UN, the independence of Kosovo, recognized by 69 countries, including 22 of the 27 EU countries.
For the decision of the court is closely watched a few countries where there are similar problems with the separatist territories — such as Spain, China and Russia.
During the hearing at the International Court of Justice representatives of Serbia stated that the recognition of Kosovo's independence, not only undermines the territorial integrity of Serbia, but also destroys international law.
"If that happens, then no one disputed border in the world can not be considered safe," — said the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia Vuk Jeremic.
"We must maintain the strength and keep going the way that went: this is the way of the diplomatic struggle, armed with international law, to preserve the integrity of the country. Necessary to reach a compromise on the issue of the future status of Kosovo and Metohii. It is possible only through new negotiations," — he added .
Kosovo Albanians, on the contrary, believe that they have the right to declare independence in a situation where for decades, their rights infringed in Serbia. Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim Thaci do not allow for the possibility that after the trial could begin new talks on Kosovo's status.
"I am very optimistic about the International Court and is confident that he will take into account the reality in Kosovo, and its conclusion will not harm anyone. However, despite the position of the Court of Kosovo's independence is irreversible and the freedom of my people — forever. This is not to negotiate, we can only discuss the practical issues: such as the fate of the missing and the return of refugees, "- says Hashim Thaci.
Some areas in the north of Kosovo are divided into a compact residence of Serbs and Albanians. The commander of the NATO peacekeeping force said that a 10-strong contingent is ready to deal with unrest that could flare up in connection with the decision of the court.
Serb forces were forced to leave Kosovo in 1999 after the defeat in the war with NATO. From then until February 2008, when Kosovo's parliament voted in favor of Kosovo's independence, it was under the control of the UN.
Serbiya, supported by Russia, has refused to recognize the independence of Kosovo and has filed a lawsuit in the International Court of Justice.
July 21, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden during a meeting in Washington with Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim Thaci said that the United States fully supports "an independent, democratic, multi-ethnic Kosovo whose future is closely linked with the European and Euro-Atlantic organizations."
In Belgrade believe that the decision of the court will be a "moment of truth" as it is the first time that the UN International Court hears the case on the separation of the territory of a sovereign state.