Light armored reconnaissance vehicle VBL (Véhicule Blindé Léger) 4×4 wheeled chassis was designed and made by the French company Panhard in 1988. He also mentioned under the title of M-11. This car is designed for the French forces frisky response also exported. VBL joined the French army in 1990. By December 1995 the French army had already ordered 922 vehicles VBL. This order included layouts, standards and pre-production cars for the tests, as two models with a long wheelbase. At present, there were more than 2,400 of these reconnaissance vehicles for the local army and for export. At the current time VBL is in service with 16 countries and the world. VBL was used in almost all peacekeeping operations. The first time, VBL has been used in Yugoslavia, where the self is very well established as a highly functional mobile armored vehicle.
VBL provides protection (STANAG level 1) bullet shooting gun 7.62 × 51 NATO, the shrapnel of artillery shells and mines. The package comes standard system of protection against weapons of mass destruction and passive night vision devices. In the standard configuration the car is equipped with a roof 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm machine gun. The car, filled ATRA, has a crew of 3 persons.
Equip the car roof commanding solid hatches, opening reversed. Around the flap placed a ring mount to install the 7.62-mm machine gun. Protection is provided by all-welded iron hull with a variable width from 5 to 11 mm. The engine is placed in the front, and the fighting compartment — at the rear of the car. Each board has one opening with a small forward doors bulletproof window. Central A tire-pressure regulation comes standard in the box.
The car provides high mobility on the ground and has full capacity after a rather short amphibious training (you have to manually connect the drive propeller) and has a top speed on the water at 5.4 km / h thanks to one propeller, located in the stern. He aviatransportabelen with helicopters and medium-sized military transport aircraft C-130, C-160 and A400M. Load capacity is 1 ton, including crew and weapons.
Panhard has over 20 modifications of VBL, filled with a variety of weapons, but the French army uses only some of them. Examples of modifications of the vehicle:
VBL MILAN, anti-tank missile carrier medium range (up to 2000 meters) with a launcher MILAN anti-tank systems with a thermal imager MIRA and six missiles;
VBL EXYX, anti-tank missile carrier short-range (up to 600 meters) with a launcher Eryx anti-tank systems with thermal imaging goggles MIRABEL and 4 missiles. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun (1400 rounds) of the swiveling holder;
VBLVBL TOW, anti-tank missile carrier of long range (up to 3750 m) with a TOW launcher and 4 rockets being in the arsenal of Greece. Or equip one with 2 VHF transmitter / receiver, the internal wired and wireless communications. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun (2,000 rounds) of the swiveling holder;
VBL AT4CS, anti-tank missile carrier with a single launcher AT4CS, designed for very small distances (250 meters). Or equip one with 2 VHF transmitter / receiver, the internal wired and wireless communications. Ready-to-use 84-mm AT4CS can penetrate 550 mm of armor (armored vehicles without additional protection) or 1.5 m of concrete. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun (1400 rounds) of the swiveling holder;
VBL CANON, equip the tower with a 20-mm automatic cannon MK 20202 Rh (rate of fire 1000 rounds / min, height: from -10 ° to +45 °, 260 ammo, 160 charged, sight: ZEISS PERI-Z-16, optional tower : laser rangefinder, thermal imager). Radio equipment: 1 VHF transmitter / receiver;
VBL TOURELLE FERMEE, equip a remotely operated turret armed with machine guns 12.7-mm/7.62-mm or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher (600 rounds ammunition, day / night sight, a laser range finder). Radio equipment: 1 or 2 VHF transmitter / receiver;
VB2L Poste De COMMANDEMENT, command vehicle. Equip over radio frequency (two radio stations PR4G), radio frequency, operating over long distances and internal communication of the crew. Its armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun (1400 rounds) on the swivel mount. Special equipment: a workstation with the board for the card, folding table, extra batteries for radio communication and utility operations for an additional 8-hours and folding seat for the fourth member of the crew;
VBL RECO, reconnaissance vehicle. Armed with a VHF transmitter / receiver (French version), 12.7-mm machine gun on the swivel mount, disguised with bronelistami sides. Optional equipment: multi-lateral anti-personnel grenade installation FLY-K (PL 127), with a rate of fire of 375 rounds / min, the initial speed of 244 m / s, the effective range on the area of 2,200 m, against a point target at 1,500 m radius of guaranteed splinter 15 m and penetrating ability of 50 mm of armor;
Machine radiation, chemical and biological reconnaissance for the U.S. Army.
VBL ALBI-MISTRAL, ts defense with 2 towers with six anti-aircraft missiles "fire and forget" MISTRAL. Radio equipment: Two VHF transmitter / receiver PR4G (1 for tactical communications, one for data transmission system of fire). Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun (1200 rounds) on the floor of the swiveling holder;
The performance properties
Armament basic version: 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm machine gun
Country User: Benin, Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Djibouti, France, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Kuwait, Oman, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Togo and other Georgia uses the VBL in Afghanistan.
Developer: The company Panhard
Equipment: Central regulation of the pressure in the tires, gas sprayers, spotlight, air kondyuk
Protection: STANAG Level 1 (7.62×51 bullets and shell fragments)
Combat weight: from 3.7 to 4 tons
Power / weight ratio: 24 hp / tonne
Speed: Road> 100 km / h, water: 5.4 km / h
The crew commander, pilot, radio operator-gunner
Progress in store down the road at a speed of 60 km / h: 600 km and 1000 km with 2 extra cans of 20 liters.
Fuel consumption: 16 l/100 km
Dimensions of non-long VBL (without additional equipment and armament): length 3.80 m, width 2.02 m, height 1.70 m
The highest slope: 50%
Lateral tilt: 30%
Wading depth: 0.90 m
Traveled by a vertical obstacle: 0.50 m
Engine: 4-cylinder diesel engine Peugeot XD3T turbocharged power 95 hp DIN (70 kW) at 2250 rev / min and 105 ps at 4150 rev / min.
Transmission: Automatic 3-speed manual ZF
Transfer case: two transfers
Suspension: air-independent, power steering, unchanging full 4-wheel drive