Companions saw the least "hot spots" for the entire fire season in 2011, spoke of Roshydromet coming winter, environmentalists have presented a new version of the Russian regions and the draft program of salvation leopards, scientists re-evaluate the damage from the accident in the Gulf of Mexico and Norway lemmings flooded roads — these are the main news of the outgoing "green" week.
The number of satellites found in Russia "hot spots" — potential wildfires — on Tuesday dropped to 64, the minimum value for the entire fire-dangerous period of the year. In July and August in Russia satellites recorded a 300-500 "hot spots" every day, but since the end of August the number began to decline sharply.
According to the company, "RDC" termotochek of 64, recorded September 6, 17 occur in Kalmykia, 14 are located in the Kurgan region, seven — in the Stavropol region.
FFA said on Friday that the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation were five fires, acting in Altai Republic Altai and Omsk region. Since the beginning of fire season of 2011, MOE statistics, in Russia there was a thousand wildfires 18.85 against 30.21 million in 2010.
Getting ready for winter
Chapter Hydromet Alexander Frolov on Thursday pleased forecast for the coming winter: According to meteorologists, the winter of 2011-2012 in Russia will be moderately cold and snowy.
Entering the winter, according to Frolov, soft enough to be in the transitional months will be a lot of thaws: November will be quite warm, temperatures across most of the country will be close to normal. Temperature drops below normal in the southern Urals and Chukotka.
December, according to the head of Roshydromet, too, will be close to normal, but the rate is calculated from the monthly average temperature from 1960 to 1990, when there began a significant warming. In January, almost the entire territory of the country the temperature is lower than normal, and in the southern Urals much lower: bring cold blocking anticyclone. February, meteorologists forecast will be close to normal, but in the north-west Russia are expected extreme cold.
Averaged area of drift ice in the Arctic in August fell to a low of the second year on record, only 160,000 square kilometers is not getting to the absolute record in August 2007.
According to the National Information Center for Snow and Ice (NSIDC) USA, in August 2011, sea ice was 5.52 million square kilometers, or 2.15 million square kilometers or 28% less than the average ice area from 1979 to 2000. An area has been below normal everywhere except in the eastern part of the Greenland Sea. By August 31, the figure was 4.63 million square kilometers.
Climate change and changes in migratory birds may cause scratches on the Arctic coast of Russia "exotic" diseases. According to RIA Novosti director of the center "Antistikhiya" Emergency Situations Minister Vladislav Bolov in the Arctic are already registered cases of appearance of non-endemic region for the Asian species of birds that can be carriers of tropical fevers, including West Nile.
The Central District first received the greatest representation in the first ten years of environmental rating of Russia, in general, Russia in the list of received less than half the score of 100.
Environmental rating of "Green Patrol" was first introduced in April 2008, RIA Novosti reported. Rating evaluates all parts of the country on 15 criteria, bringing total figures for the three main areas — the ecosphere, the technosphere and society — of which then is going to overall rating. As of 2010, the winner is the Belgorod region, the Altai and Tuva, the worst regions — Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Moscow region.
In the new version the overall lead for the first time received the Central District — Belgorod, Tambov, Lipetsk and Orel regions, which are the results of the calculations took, respectively, 2, 3, 7 and 10 seats. Top Green remains Chukotka, to lead the spring version, the latter, 83-th place in the "win" the Tula region.
According to the "Green Patrol" in Russia in general the atmospheric air is estimated to be 37 points out of 100, water — 36 points, land — 39 points, waste — 31 points, and the state of the environment — in 33 points. Total "score" of the country — 49 of 100.
Old and new reserves
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on Monday at an interregional conference offices of the party "United Russia" in the North-West Federal District, said that in the next decade Russia will have 11 new nature reserves and 20 national parks. Area of nine more reserves and two national parks will be significantly expanded.
The Russian authorities, he said, are also starting a pilot project to create the necessary infrastructure, including tourism, in 12 PAs. For these purposes will be allocated 1.5 billion rubles.
Meanwhile, today everyone can take a free tour of the Valley of Geysers in Kamchatka Kronotsky reserve, without departing from the monitor screen. On the discovery of virtual tours Reserve said Monday. Online traveler, visit Kronotsky reserve, can stop at the observation deck, enjoy the view and learn interesting facts about the geysers.
In his speech on Monday, Putin said that the Russian government does not abandon plans to "harvest Russian Arctic" on Franz Joseph, now operate the expedition, which will assess the means necessary to carry it out.
The head of an expedition sent GNIU "Council for the Study of Productive Forces" (CSPF) and the Ministry of Economic Sciences, Anatoly Shevchuk in an interview with RIA Novosti reported that the vessels and other objects, which sank in waters near the islands of Franz Josef Land, may be no less environmental threat than the "ground" pollution.
According to him, the experts from the Institute of Geological Sciences suggest that the coastal area should be sunken objects — traces of human activity, abandoned ships, boats. As noted by Shevchuk, that they have not started one day represent an environmental hazard, it is necessary now to hold echo sounding to locate these objects, and organize their retrieval.
Five million barrels
Official data on the number of oil trapped in the Gulf of Mexico because of the accident in the spring and summer of 2010, confirmed by independent estimates — as a result of the accident in the water got about 5 million barrels of oil and 243 million cubic meters of natural gas. This is the conclusion reached by scientists, whose paper was published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A research team from Vudskhollovskogo Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) received a final assessment of the volume of oil and natural gas, caught in the Gulf of Mexico in the period from 20 April to 15 July last year. According to them, on the day of the wells in the Gulf was poured about 70-100 kilograms of oil per second in the near-bottom conditions, which corresponds to 6,1-8,7 tons or about 47,2-66,8 thousand barrels on the surface.
Scientists point out that "if in the story of Deepwater Horizon and have at least some positive aspects, it is the fact that the technologies developed and used in the WHOI, can be used in the future."
Save the Leopard 2
Experts from academic institutions, government agencies and environmental organizations have prepared and submitted a draft of a new strategy for the MEP repopulation Red leopards in Russia. According to the last census carried out by scientists in Russia and the U.S. in 2007, in Primorye, the only habitat in the Russian Far Eastern leopards live no more than 40 of these predators.
The first strategy was developed and approved in 1998, the main provisions relating to the "emergency measures to address the threat of extinction," the leopard. As noted by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia, to date, the first strategy aims mainly achieved.
The new project includes measures to restore sustainable population of leopards, including recommendations for changes to existing legislation. Program Coordinator of the Amur branch of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia Sergey biodiversity Aramilev to RIA Novosti said that the maximum size of the population in the south-west of Primorye can reach 100-150 individuals from today 40. However, sustained large carnivores can be considered only if the number of 300-500 individuals.
Norwegian scientists and residents of the northern provinces of the kingdom's biggest mark with 1970's migration of lemmings, which sometimes make it difficult to move on the road — it was reported this week, Norwegian media. The reason for the mass migration of rodents in regions such as Lapland and Finnmark, according to scientists, was the extraordinary growth of their population in the year. In the north, in the vast spaces in the border area between Finland, Russia and Norway lemmings flooded roads everywhere.
Murmansk scientists also seeing an increase in the number of small animals in the northern forests. As expected, the number of lemmings will decline in mid-October