The global economy is still on the path of unsustainable development, despite the more than 500 different international agreements and goals — it may cause irreversible consequences for the environment, according to another report Global Environment Outlook, prepared by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
The authors of the fifth version of the 500-page report, published on the eve of UNEP Conference on Sustainable Development "Rio +20", which will take place in Brazil on 20-22 June, urged the workshop participants not only to reaffirm their commitment to the transition to sustainable development, but and much more work in this direction.
"(The report) GEO-5 reminds world leaders who will meet at the" Rio +20 ", why the world so desperately needs a decisive shift to a low carbon and resource-efficient" green "economy," — said the head of UNEP, Achim Steiner (Achim Steiner), whose words contained in the message.
UNEP experts have identified 90 key issues of environmental protection and reviewed progress on each of them in the last decade. Significant progress has been achieved only in four areas — the protection of the ozone layer, clean fuel from the lead, increasing access to water resources and the development of research in the field of environmental pollution of the marine environment.
Another 40 problems humanity has made little success, including the development of a network of protected areas and protection of forests. 24 issues, including climate change and desertification, according to UNEP, not budged, and in eight cases the situation has only worsened. By the last 14 issues have not been estimated due to insufficient data.
The most impressive environmental achievements of mankind in the Montreal Protocol — the world has almost completely abandon the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. This led to a halt further growth of the seasonal ozone hole over Antarctica, as well as, according to experts, in the U.S. alone will save 22 million people born after 1985, from cataract and another 6.3 million people from skin cancer.
Rejecting the use of gasoline in the lead compounds in most of the world has saved the world economy about 2.45 trillion a year, or 4% of the global GDP, in terms of reduced health risks, they said.
At the same time, among the most dramatic failures of global environmental policy, the report release, in particular, the lack of progress in the fight against air pollution, which is associated with up to 5 million premature deaths each year, as well as losses in the agricultural sector, which account for approximately 14-26 billion a year.
In addition, mankind has reached one of the eight Millennium Development Goals, to which it was assumed in 2010 to significantly reduce the rate of biodiversity loss. Estimated UNEP, to date, about 20% of all vertebrate species are threatened with extinction or downsizing.
The report recommends that not only promote international cooperation in the field of sustainable development, and to take more decisive steps towards him, but also to invest in a more robust system of monitoring and data collection, which is often not enough to make informed decisions.