Security and safety are always moving mass science forward. The most original and incredible military innovations of the year make up the final score "Ytra."
The long-awaited breakthrough of Russian military technologies — a strategic missile "Bulava" — in 2010, he successfully took off, twice in a row. Development of an intercontinental ballistic missile sea-P30 3M30 "Bulava-30" began in 1998. The missile can carry up to ten hypersonic maneuvering nuclear warheads individual guidance that can change the trajectory altitude and course. Has a low-altitude flight profile. Maximum range — 8 thousand km, inertial control system, throw-weight (payload) — 1.15 m, length starting container — 12,1 m, length without front section — 11.5 meters.
At the beginning of December it was announced that the nuclear warhead for the rocket is ready. Representatives of the Ministry of Defence argued that the "Bulava" will defend the country for at least 30 — 40 years. It is planned to hold four — five launches of ballistic missiles. This was the chief developer of the rocket "Bulava" Yuri Solomonov. "We are planning for next year to spend four — five starts for production of statistics", — he said. To date, produced for 14 launches missiles, half of which were unsuccessful.
Pentagon spends on developing future weapon huge sums. Not surprisingly, "from the pen of" inventors face the most unusual, sometimes even discouraging projects. More than $ 50 million has been invested in the creation of biological weapons, the purpose of which are to 'reduce the effectiveness of the enemy with the effects on the brain. " In fact, we are talking about weapons "stupefying" the enemy, and without the use of chemicals. The effect is to be achieved by directional emission.
Iron Man 2
Exoskeleton new generation XOS 2, developed by Raytheon, will make any soldier several times stronger. He is worn over clothing almost as costume komiksovoy Iron Man. According to the developers, the soldiers in the exoskeleton greatly speed up and facilitate the loading and unloading of water, fuel and ammunition. After XOS 2 allows alone carry missiles and even air-launched rockets that weigh hundreds of pounds. Iron suit itself weighs 88.5 kg, which is 10% less than the XOS of the first generation, which was introduced two years ago. This new 30% efficient and consumes 50% less energy.
The most powerful gun in the world
Two weeks before Christmas, the U.S. military conducted a successful test of an electromagnetic rail gun, which sends missiles to 200 km at a speed of more than 2.5 km / s without the use of explosives. "Railgun" (the informal name of the electromagnetic rail gun, borrowed from video games) has already been called the most powerful weapon in the world, except for nuclear. Future Weapons is designed for installation on large warships the U.S. Navy. To hit any target would be sufficient in its kinetic energy. After contact is no explosion, but even the most solid object simply collapses. In the project, the launch of which was given five years ago, the U.S. Army has already invested more than $ 210 million. Experts argue that using this technology by 2025 can be achieved by doubling the energy shot.
British scientists have developed a working model of the plasma antenna PSiAN (Plasma Silicon Antenna), which will operate in a wide range of 1-100 GHz. For those frequencies common antenna is not suitable, because the signal decays rapidly. Advantage of new items is the lack of an antenna in a solid moving parts. It will be easy to be integrated in the mobile phone, which then turns into an ultramodern energy weapon. The thing is, potentially antenna can radiate so-called rays pain. This radiation at 64 GHz absorbed by the skin of the victim, causing her great pain, though not causing serious damage. Such weapons already exist at present. However, while this is a very cumbersome setup, which are recorded on a special truck.
If a roll of wallpaper paste over X-Flex room, it is immediately transformed into a perfectly secure shelter, where it is possible to carry out the most secret military meeting. The invention as early as next year, will be released in the series. While it is known that the basis of wallpaper is a substance similar to the properties of Kevlar (a synthetic fiber, the strength of which is several times the strength of steel.) X-Flex can be used in areas of high seismic activity, airports, chemical plants. In addition, the high-tech U.S. military is going to wallpaper paste over all its military bases in the Middle East.
What are the wars of the future without the lasers? In summer, the U.S. held a successful test of the prototype laser beam gun — with the help of laser beams shooting down four unmanned aerial vehicles. During the tests the first time directed beam 32-megawatt laser could destroy remote controlled aircraft flying at a distance of about three kilometers. According to a representative of the developer weapons, they are already on the path of creating the first military laser integrated into weapons systems. It is expected that the development of new weapons will be completed by 2016.
Thus in the early fall of Staff representatives have assured President Dmitry Medvedev that Russia's army is the world's first put into service combat laser. But in October, Boeing announced the successful installation of high-energy laser HEL TD on a heavy tactical truck HEMTT. It will replace the anti-aircraft artillery system CRAM, which is designed to intercept missiles, mines and other small weapons.