Call from Kotovsky region Volgograd region of Russia honored cultural, Vasily Krutskevicha, made haste to gather in the street. It was about the stone balls found in the ravines near the village Wet Olkhovka. Stormy melt water from unusually snowy winter brought down the slopes of the ravine, and the world were amazing buildings — stone balls over meter diameter, similar in form, if calibrated.
— Material? .. Well, something like a solid quartz sandstone layer structure, — said Vasily. — But the most striking — the balls are hollow inside! Rather, filled with a sort of grayish-yellow sand. Feeling that this is a huge fossilized eggs animal. — Maybe a dinosaur? Find the same … — I said.
— No, it is too big. Fossilized dinosaur eggs that are found in different parts of the world, range in size from 18 to 24 inches and weighing up to five kilograms. And there is almost a ton weight …
Endless ribbon of asphalt that led us from Volgograd to Kotovsky district. In a shallow ravine with dry sandy trail in place of the spring creek we go down the chain led by Krutskevichem. As part of the researchers from the Volga Valery Moskalev, Sergei Lobanov with two young helpers, Volgograd writer Oleg Bazhanov and the author of these lines.
Visible in the sheer wall of red sandstone ball in polrosta man with cracked stone surface. A short distance away are a row of several of these balls. The two spheres are broken, really empty inside, filled with sand.
Most attracted balls are broken. They are intricately covered with hard mesh-like fossilized blood vessels. This is reminiscent of chicken in the egg stage, when the embryo is formed next chick (photo number 1).
True, the balls do not like laying eggs: extreme distance balls from each other not less than two hundred meters. They pulled the chain on the bottom of the beam. Several areas in the ground are right under your feet, as if still in the muddy bottom, untouched for millions of years. This time period — tens of millions of years — we are not saying a word, to define the mysterious discovery. Abyss of time, you can see, touch, capture the picture! ..
— Go here! — Called us Sergei Lobanov, a young researcher. — There's something strange! ..
He clears entrenching shovel roundness, which is hidden in the ground. A number of countries in the construction of five meters in length, consisting of quasi-three fused "eggs." The surface structure resembles the shell of a giant turtle. (Photo number 2.) Total in the ravines we counted twelve balls, except for the three areas are connected together.
Guests from the Mesozoic
When all is filled contemplation of mysterious spheres, made measurements, took samples — time began hypotheses.
The first thing you think: is not this a bit of a trace of volcanic activity? At the bottom of the cleft paleo Tethys once dabble here vybulkivalis bubbles of molten lava rock that's formed such balls … But objections have also brushed aside a convenient version of themselves: the material does not look like lava, and it is too structured for uniformity. Necessarily present petrified shell thickness of 20-30 cm and the inner cavity diameter of 50-60 cm is hardly the same volcano will create such "Bulka", and did not show up earlier in these places traces of the ancient fire-breathing mountains.
Or is it really any eggs gigantozavrov who lived millions of years ago on Earth? It was too similar to those strange balls giant eggs or, say, on the eggs.
We went home full of doubt and incomprehensible plot. Stone balls agitated mind, and soon we again wanted to go to a flea ravine near Wet Olkhovka. Here already bumping-natoptannoy "popular" trail — from the neighborhood stretch inquisitive fellow stare at the miracle of nature.
On arrival immediately notice loss: two balls disappeared. To whom and for what purpose they are needed — is unclear. Worse, the balls continue to break sledgehammers.
By the way, there has recently been a professor of Saratov State University, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences Yevgeny Petrushov. Scientists to determine the age of the unique formations in 180 million years. And this one is, you see, Kotovsky balls gain valuable.
New research has produced results. Balls was about thirty pieces, if you count the broken education and those that are almost completely buried in the ground. They are about the same plane, a meter above or below a meter. If they had been buried in the mud. Sandy path along the bottom of the beam — is entirely an internal matter of the broken balloons. There are several connected with balloons' eggs. "
— Note, this looks like on the plant, and I do not rule out that we are witnessing a pronounced mineral form of life — summed up his findings the researcher of anomalous phenomena Vladimir Efimchuk. — There is a wonderful work of Albert Bokovikova in which nearly proved silicon life form on the example of the mineral agate. His research is supported by other scientists and mineralogists.
Indeed, there was a feeling that the unknown giant organisms evolved and were at different stages of maturation. Many have already burst, were washed with water, and a strong core of stone but the stone fragments shell trail stretching along the course of spring flows, showed that there were also these strange organisms. Laboratory analysis of gray sand of the balls showed that it is 80 per cent consists of organics. So, it was a living organism! ..
The miracle of the compass
Stone puzzle in Kotovsky's very fascinated her secret Volzhanin Yuri Peskisheva, researcher, a chemical engineer by training. He did a great job of identifying the Internet numerous similar finds strange balls in different parts of the world.
About dinosaur eggs Yuri now knows a lot: find detailed descriptions and pictures in China, India, Peru, Mongolia and others lay eggs are laid in a circle and all petrified. But all the small sizes (photo number 3).
But large areas are found in different parts of the world.
Moeraki small fishing village on the coast of New Zealand is known around the world due to the geological wonder — the so-called "Moeraki boulders", a huge spherical stones scattered on the sandy beach. Boulders near perfect spherical shape with a diameter of 1.5 to 2.2 meters. Their age is estimated at 60 million years.
— I've seen the pictures — called me Peskishev — some balls resemble those Kotovsky! They have the same mesh of veins on the surface … (photo number 4).
In the south-east of Costa Rica lie dozens of strange stone spheres with a diameter of three meters that weigh under 20 tons. The material is different — from volcanic rock to granite. All of them are almost perfectly round, and have traces of processing. The most amazing thing: the age of the alleged mysterious spheres of about five hundred years. But to whom and for what purpose it took them grind — is unclear. It's a very long titanic work!
In the Mexican silver mines were found stone spheres in Guatemala found balls that somehow if "crept" into the mountains to a height of two thousand feet. Arctic island of Champa in the Franz Josef Land, too, all studded with perfectly round stones. They are like cannonballs stacked in a pyramid. The local bowls clearly of natural origin.
In Russia, too, there are places where you can admire the strange spherical formations. For example, on the Vyatka River in Kirov region. They were found working in the quarries of building materials. Age balls about 253 million years, different sizes — from half to two in diameter. Weight — half to two tons, and the heaviest stone — 4 tons (photo number 5). In 2007, under the Black Sea near Gelendzhik found more than 15 balls of 0.7 to five feet in diameter. On most balls were crosswise cuts. Geologists and historians have given the conclusion that the ball was taken from a depth of machined artificial, and its surface is visible, "skirting" and X-shaped cut.
In general, stone balls are not uncommon. In Kazakhstan, the development of sand quarry in deep water, they found several large stone spheres. They come across in the coal mines. In the South Mangyshlak, in the town Turyshev, Ustyurt Karagie found placer whole mysterious spheres of different sizes and configurations (photo number 6). Giants-balls are in Mexico, the U.S., Brazil, Tanzania, Romania, Egypt and elsewhere. And now in the Volgograd region … And increasingly, in explaining the nature of the balls we came across the word "nodule."
It turns out that the nodules — this is from the Latin word concretio — accretion, thickening. This contraction, minerals, rounded in sedimentary rocks. The centers of the nodules may be grains of minerals, shells, teeth and bones of fish, the remains of plants — that's where the organics inside! Most of them formed in the porous sedimentary rocks — sand and clay. Some scientists stress that the concretion into a bowl and evenly increases when substances are deposited in the rock, equally permeable in all directions. As the ancestral home of the balls is often called muddy ocean floor. Typical nodules — is a pearl in mollusk shells, stones in the kidney, pancreas.
Apparently, this is in fact the nodules, although there are many unknown … And then one day, Yuri Peskishev announced a new hypothesis.
— It is possible that this should be fireballs in the land! — He said. — The study of such nodules is engaged geologist-geophysicist from Kazakhstan G. Tarasenko, and he has a pretty strong evidence.
"- Yes, it is spherical concretions — said Gennady PhD Tarasenko to the question of the nature of" Kotovsky "balls. — Their origin is related to electrical discharge in the Earth's crust and mantle, in the areas of active tectonic faults. On them are real underground thunderstorms with lightning length of tens of kilometers. At the end of the line of lightning occur and their closest relatives — fireballs. Many balls on the 90 percent of iron oxide. Iron is attracted by electromagnetic fields, so formed nodules. Only it was millions of years ago, and the balls were made of stone. But what's interesting — underground lightning appear where there are deposits of oil. After all, oil dielectric
So, the new version of … By a single hypothesis about the nature of the balls no one has yet come. One thing is clear: find near the village Wet Olkhovka — is a rare geological phenomenon, and it is sure to be preserved as a natural phenomenon. Are the stone balls concretions, herbal products, or the creation of underground fireballs — in any case we must not lose this phenomenon because of our indifference and neglect. To dig some balls out of the ground, equip this kind of open-air museum, and here, in the Volga steppes, will drive curious tourists, it will be possible to organize exciting excursions. Do people go to the ends of the world to New Zealand or to Costa Rica to enjoy the strange formations!