According to the latest statistics of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in Russia there is a growth in production and exports of forest products with high added value.
That will continue in 2013, and this, in turn, will allow Russia to strengthen its position in the global trade of deep wood processing.
"In the forest industry and trade of Russia, the largest country in the world by area of forests, — the FAO — there have been important changes. For example, exports of industrial roundwood (ie, raw products. — Ed.) Decreased by 29 million cubic meters, or nearly 60% over the last five years (2008-2012).. A production of lumber, on the contrary, increased by 3 million cubic meters, or 8%. During the same period, the volume of exports of lumber from Russia increased by 13%. " In this case, add that to the Russian Federation in 2011-2012, increasing the production of furniture, pulp, paperboard, and a number of other kinds of semi-finished and finished wood products.
These trends are directly related to the targeted state policy in the forestry sector, carried out since the early 2000s. Aimed at the development of deep processing of wood, which naturally leads to an increase in both production and exports of processed products of wood raw material.
Russian Wood and Timber — its strategic resource that very clearly outlined by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a recent meeting of the State Council on the development of this industry, "Forest — it's not just the natural wealth: it is one of the most important economic benefits Russia. His clever use can and should bring to the state and our citizens a solid income. In addition, the Russian forest is an ecological shield not only for our country but for the entire planet. Recently, steps have been taken to develop public policy in this area. In particular, the adoption of the main directions of development of the forest industry to 2015. "
Regarding trends in the industry, Vladimir Putin said that "there are already some positive changes — particularly in the handling and processing of wood. Increasing production of import-substituting products, developing forest reproduction. But for our world leadership in exports of forest — the president — is often a direct waste of resources and, as a result, the country lost profits. We might have had if recycled wood in their own territory. " As the main branch and, in fact, the problem of state Vladimir Putin outlined: "Russia in 2020 to nearly triple the production of its own paper products, saturating the domestic market and reducing imports."
Recall that the decision referred to the tasks to be long-term federal target program "Development of the forest industry and increase its competitiveness." And on the 3rd — 4th kvartalov2012 godarealizuetsya most of the FTP routines. In this case, government funding of forestry sector of the country in the years 2012-2018 increased by at least one-third compared with the previous decade. In addition, the state — for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union — Russian Lumber will subsidize interest rates on loans for the purchase of raw materials and the implementation of forestry projects.
While the share of Russia in the global market of finished wood products is barely 4%. Although it is more than at the end of the 1990s (only 3%). However, up to 30 or even up to 40% of finished wood products in Finland, China, Japan, the Baltic States and in other countries is available, and that the year of the Russian lesosyrya. A significant part of the finished product and then imported from the same countries … in Russia. Therefore made by Vladimir Putin strongly emphasized the need to develop the domestic timber processing, and this is reflected in these government programs.
As for financial incentives "forest industrialization" of the State in the years 2013-2020, we note the main aspects. First, encourage the renewal of production assets in the industry across the state will provide tax benefits. They will receive a "processing" projects with an investment not less than 300 million rubles. Second, the right to lease forest land for such projects will be provided without an auction. Third, the rent for such a site will fall by half in the entire payback period of the project. In addition, the government will co-finance (through public-private partnership) transport infrastructure investment and infrastructure projects for the timber processing and wood chemistry. Moreover, these and other measures are put into effect in stages since last year. And, as we can see, they are already bearing fruit.