They say geniuses are sent to Earth Heaven. Everyone — from some of his, a special priority task. But Nikola Tesla, the Lord sent probably too early.
The brilliant inventor who was born in Serbia in the town Smilyan July 9, 1856 g in a family of Orthodox youth in svyaschenika.Uzhe Tesla looked demonic: high growth, emaciation, sunken cheeks, gaze burning eyes. From childhood haunted strange visions: the flash of light invisible to others. He sometimes for many hours immersed in the contemplation of some other, unknown worlds, such bright that confused them with reality. From this madness born almost completely rational technical ideas. Especially young man fascinated electricity. The fact that the fire leaping through the sky and zigzags strewed gentle sparkle with hair caressed the cat.
The father saw his son in the future priest. But contrary to his wishes Nicola went to study at the Higher Technical School of Graz (Austria), then — at the University of Prague. In his second year he was struck by the idea of an induction alternator. Professor with whom Tesla shared his idea, thought her crazy. But this conclusion is only spurred the inventor, and in 1882, while working in Paris, he built a working model.
In 1884, Tesla went to conquer America. By Thomas Edison — a recommendation from a friend in Paris: "I know two great men. One is you, the second — this young man". [Cut]
To New York Nicola got the adventure. First of all it had been robbed. In America, a hungry traveler arrived without luggage, with four cents in his pocket. And immediately realized that this is a country of great opportunity: I saw on Broadway people trying to fix the motor, and then earned $ 20.
Edison took the young electrical engineer in the company, but the friction between the inventors began immediately. Because they have different approaches to solving creative problems. Edison liked is that to make a profit immediately. Tesla engaged in that interesting. All the works of the eminent American were based on direct current. And then some Serb-eyed talk of about alternating current.
Edison tried so hard to prove the danger of Tesla's ideas, which did not hesitate to openly kill AC dog. But to no avail. Won — we know that. After all the wires in our homes and now runs an alternating current.
Free son of ether
But the main cause of the break was … divergence of views on the origin of the electricity. Edison adhered to the well-known theory "of charged particles", in Tesla had a different vision.
In his theory of electricity was a fundamental concept of the ether — a kind of invisible substance that fills the whole world and transmitting vibrations at a rate many times greater than the speed of light. Every millimeter of space, Tesla believed, full of boundless, infinite energy, which only need to be able to extract.
The theorists of modern physics have not been able to give an interpretation of Tesla's views on the physical reality. Why he did not formulate his theory? Was it a spiritual precursor of a new civilization in which the only inexhaustible source of energy will be different levels of asynchronous physical processes, that is, time itself?
After the break with Edison Tesla took to his well-known industrialist George Westinghouse, founder of "Westinghouse Electric." While working for the company he receives patents for polyphase electric car, the asynchronous motor and the transmission system through the multi-phase alternating current.
And at the same time developing new and unprecedented ways of transmitting energy. How do we connect any electrical appliance to the network? Fork — that is, two conductors. If only one, the current will not be — the circuit is not closed. A power transmission Tesla demonstrated by one conductor. Or no wires.
During his lecture on high frequency electromagnetic field to the scientists of the Royal Academy, he switched on and off remotely motor in his hands themselves lit light bulbs. Some even spiral was not — just an empty flask. It was the 1892!
After the lecture, physicist John Raleigh invited Tesla's office and solemnly declared, pointing to the chair, "Sit down, please. This is a great chair of Faraday. After his death, no one was sitting there. "
Visitors to the World Expo 1893 in Chicago with horror as the lean, nervous scientist with a funny name every electric current passes through a voltage of two million volts. The idea is that the experimenter would not have to stay and coals. A Tesla smiled as if nothing had happened, and his hands were bright bulbs.
It is now that we know that kills not the voltage and current, and that the high-frequency current passes only on the surface cover. Then the trick seemed a miracle.
This mad inventor
In 1895, Westinghouse has commissioned the world's largest hydropower Niagara. We worked on it a powerful Tesla generators. At the same time the inventor has designed a number of radio-controlled self-propelled machinery — "teleavtomatov." In Madison Square Garden, he demonstrated remote control of small boats. People thought it was witchcraft.
Those who managed to visit Tesla's laboratory, with horror remembered as the inventor of juggling in the air glowing blobs of energy — bolts of lightning — and put them in a suitcase.
In 1898, Tesla attached a priborchik to an iron beam in the attic of the building in which the laboratory is located. Soon began to vibrate the walls of surrounding houses and people in panic rushed to the street. Of course, it's the tricks of "mad inventor"!
The house Tesla immediately rushed to the police and journalists, but Tesla had time off and destroy your vibrator. "I could bring down the Brooklyn Bridge for an hour," — he admitted afterwards. And I insist that the Earth and can be split, only suitable vibrator and precise timing. Earth-battery
At the end of the last century in Colorado Springs for the experiments Tesla tower was built with a large copper sphere on top. There's a scientist generated potentials that discharged lightning bolts of up to 40 meters. The experiments were accompanied by thunder. Around the tower glowed a huge ball of light. People on the streets scared recoiled in horror watching between their feet and the ground slips spark. Horses received electroshock blows through the iron horseshoe. Even the butterflies "helplessly swirled in circles on their wings spouting blue halos." On metal objects were shining "St. Elmo's Fire."
All this electrical extravaganza was arranged not to scare people. The purpose of the experiments was different, for twenty-five miles from the tower once lit 200 light bulbs. The electric charge was transferred wirelessly through the earth.
World Communication Tower
After all loud experiments in Colorado Springs destroyed the generator at a local power plant, had to return to New York, where, in 1900, commissioned by banker John Pierpont Morgan, Tesla took up the construction of the World Station wireless transmission of energy. The project was based on the idea of the resonant excitation of the ionosphere, called for 2000 people and was named "Wardenclyffe". On Long Island began construction of a great scientific center.
The main building was a skeleton tower height of 57 meters with a huge copper "plate" at the top — a giant magnifying transmitter. And with a steel shaft, in-depth into the ground at 36 meters. Trial run of unprecedented construction took place in 1905 and produced a stunning effect. "Tesla lit the sky over the ocean for thousands of miles," — wrote the newspaper.
The second tower — no wires to transmit high-power energy flows — the inventor intended to build in Niagara Falls.
But the project required a huge investment. All the money of the Tesla boomed into the pit. A Morgan realized that the superstation is unlikely to give commercial benefit. Especially as more December 12 1900 Marconi sent the first transatlantic signal from Cornwall in English Canada. Its communication system proved to be more promising.
Although Tesla in 1893 built the first wave radio transmitter in the years ahead Marconi (in 1943 the U.S. Supreme Court reaffirmed the priority of Tesla), he told Morgan that he is not interested in the relationship, and the wireless transmission of energy anywhere in the world.
But it is not in the plans of Morgan, and he cut off funding. But when the First World War, the U.S. government, concerned about the possibility of using the tower enemy spies, has decided to blow it up. So the dream of Tesla's collapsed on the information of the world combined.
Lonely somersault in the alleys of the park
After the failure of Vopdenklifa Tesla has sold part of its patents for $ 15 million have become rich and independent. Established his laboratory in New York. And returns to research.
He wore expensive suits, was a welcome guest at any aristocratic house, admired for his bride from the top of the circle. But Tesla avoided dinner receptions, and women too. Journalists dubbed him a "lone wolf" — for hours of walking. They stimulated a thought.
Tesla's obsession with science knew no bounds. For sleeping, he assigned four hours of which two are usually left to think of ideas. "Technical solutions do come to mind." Tesla took a patent for a patent, the invention fell in abundance.
In addition to classes in electrical engineering, Tesla professionally engaged in linguistics, writing poetry. Was fluent in eight languages, knew the music and philosophy … Tesla lived in the most expensive hotels. The maid was surprised that he required daily for eighteen fresh towels. If, during the dinner on the table sat a fly, forced the waiter to bring a new order. Today's psychiatrist would be easy to put the diagnosis — acute form mezofobii (fear of germs).
Phobias and obsessive-compulsive disorder combined with Tesla with amazing energy. Walking down the street, he could do in a sudden fit of flips. Or stay in the alley of the park and recite a couple of chapters of "Faust." Sometimes froze and stood for a long time, thinking hard about something, not noticing anyone around.
The inventor himself claimed that he could completely turn off your brain from the outside world. In this state it descended the "flash of enthusiasm," "inner vision" and "attacks of hypersensitivity." At the moment, scientists say, the consciousness of his penetrated into the mysterious world of slim.
Rutherford called it "an inspired prophet of electricity." Indeed, Tesla knew all about electricity! This, he predicted the possibility of treating patients with high frequency, the occurrence of electric furnaces, fluorescent lamps, electron microscope.
Squares and streets of New York arc lamps lit Tesla's design. The company employed its electric motors, rectifiers, generators, transformers, high-frequency equipment. Although Marconi received the first patent in the field of radio, but many of his other claims were rejected because Tesla managed to get a lot of patents on improvements in radio. In 1917, Tesla proposed the principle of the device for radio detection of submarines.
Whispered that the Martians
Many of his discoveries Tesla patented, does not even left the drawing. Most of his diaries and manuscripts are preserved, and many inventions have survived only fragmentary information. And hundreds of legends. Tesla is credited and the Tunguska catastrophe (1908). Tower Vordenkliff through the ionosphere could easily convey the tremendous energy into another part of the world. A meteorite after all and did not find … However, he left the project in 1905. But all the equipment was on the spot … It is suspected that Tesla created a time machine, or something like that.
He himself claimed that their technical and scientific revelations received from a single information field of the Earth. There, spread his radio devices, from there he took inaudible signals to anyone.
In 1926, Tesla gody ystanovil padiomachty in Valdopf-Astopii in its labs in Hyu-Yopke. And caught the mysterious nature of the man-made signals of unknown origin, one of the possible sources are called Mars. The newspapers of that time can be found mocking notes about the connections with the mad inventor mapsianami. Ho himself ycheny treated etomy more than sepezno: "For the sake of order to accomplish this miracle, I would have given my life!"
Tesla had other extraordinary abilities. One day, he felt a strong desire to hold their guests, stayed with him, and literally force would not let them on the train. Thereby saved them, perhaps from death because the train really went off the rails, and many of the passengers were killed or injured.
Another time, he had a dream that his sister Angelina deathly ill and died. And it was true.
Oh, let's ride
In 1931, Tesla demonstrated the public a mysterious car. From luxury limousine removed petrol engine and the electric motor installed. Then Tesla in the public eye placed under the hood of nondescript box from which protruded two rod-, and connected it to the engine. Saying, "Now we have the energy," Tesla took the wheel and drove off.
The car was tested weekly. She developed a speed of 150 km / h and, it seems, is not needed to be recharged. Everyone asked Tesla: "Where does the energy come from?" He replied: "From the ether." Perhaps today we would drive on cars with a perpetual motion machine, if those — old — viewers are not talking about evil spirits. Get mad scientist took a mysterious box from the vehicle and carried to the laboratory. The mystery is not solved it yet.
Geniuses go unnoticed
Shortly before his death, Tesla announced that he invented a "death ray", which are capable of destroying 10,000 airplanes at a distance of 400 km. About the secret rays — no sound. They said that in the last years of his life he worked on the construction of artificial intelligence. And wanted to learn how to photograph thought, considering it's quite possible.
Tesla died on January 7, 1943. In the 86 years. In Europe, there was the Second World War, and Tesla designs for the War Department and remained unfinished. Maybe because he stubbornly refused to help doctors. In the morning the maid came into the room — Tesla was lying dead on the bed.
The body of the great inventor was cremated and the urn containing the ashes is set to Fernkliffskom Cemetery in New York. Thus ended the life of the mysterious, perhaps, of all the great scientists.
Where he went destroyer invisible
In the prewar years, Tesla began work on classified projects for the naval department of the USA. This included the wireless transmission of energy to defeat the enemy, and the creation of a resonant weapons and attempts to control time. From 1936 to 1942 he was director of the project "Rainbow" — Stealth technology — which included the infamous Philadelphia Experiment.
Tesla foresaw the possibility of human and tightened the experiment, insisted on remaking equipment. However, in this war had neither the time nor the means, and the victims were regarded as inevitable.
Ten months after the death of Tesla's U.S. Navy conducted an experiment on the ship invisible to radar. To do this, the destroyer "Eldridge" created "electromagnetic bubble" — a screen that would be averted by ship radar radiation. With the help of Nikola Tesla generators.
The experiment revealed a completely unexpected side effect. Ship became invisible, not only for radar. But to the naked eye. Moreover, witnesses claim that suddenly saw him in Norfolk, at a distance of hundreds of miles.
For people involved in the project that teleportation was a disaster. While the ship "moved" from the Philadelphia Navy base in Norfolk and back again, the members of the crew completely disoriented. In time and space. Upon returning to base, many could not move without relying on the wall. And in a state of inevitable horror. Subsequently, after a long period of rehabilitation, the team members have been dismissed as "mentally unbalanced."
As a result, the project "Rainbow" cover. And the results of the experiment classified. What was it really — no one knows. Author of phantasmagoria that could explain what had happened, was no longer alive.
After a fancy night out, which wrote all American newspapers when his experiment he lit the sky over not only New York, but also over the boundless space of the Atlantic Ocean, Tesla suddenly left his laboratory, without apparent reason, leaving it all intact. It never crossed the threshold Vordenklifa, never visited it, and never appeared in those regions and, even more strange, is not carried out any calculation, not a drawing or document, not a single paper.
From then until his death, the inventor has left all of his "magical" experience, and had only the improvement of common electrical appliances. The cat, which was once a small stroked Tesla, and has remained untamed. Electricity — untamed.
And before leaving for Europe, Tesla told his friends that he sees the unwillingness of mankind to take the fruits of their inventions. "They will be re-created, many years later, when it's their time — but not now."
But there is another version of Tesla's renunciation of his discoveries. And it is contained in his own words, spoken by one of his friends shortly before the cessation of work in the lab. Biographers call this "love story of Nikola Tesla":
"I was feeding pigeons, thousands of them over the years. Thousands of them, for those who can remember all of them. However, there was one pigeon — amazing bird, white with light gray spots on the wings, and he stood out. This was a female. I could get to know her everywhere, and it also could not find me anywhere. was enough, so I just thought about her, called her, and she flew. I felt her, and she felt me. I love this bird. Yeah, I love this bird so as a man loves a woman, and she loved me too. When she fell ill, I knew about it, and she flew into my room, and I took care of her days until she recovered. This pigeon was a joy of my life. As long as she needed me everything else was unimportant — it was the meaning of my life. Somehow one night when I was lying in bed in the dark, and, as usual, to solve one of the current problems, she flew into the open window and sat on my desk. I knew I needed to her, she wanted to tell me something important, so I got up and walked over. Looking at her, I knew she wanted to tell me that he would die. Later, when I realized this, I saw pouring out of her eyes light — a strong beam of light . "
Tesla paused for a moment and then, as if waiting for an answer, he continued: "Yes, it was a real light, strong, and bright, dazzling, brighter than the most powerful light bulb in my lab. When that pigeon died, something went out of my life. Up to that point I was pretty sure that will fulfill all his ideas, and even though I had plans far as my darling died, I realized that my life's over. Yeah, I was feeding pigeons for years, and still feed them, thousands of them, because, after all, who knows … ".
Nikola Tesla, the first great scientist, who refused the Nobel Prize, a man whom all the world consider the physics and the greatest genius, and the greatest charlatan who died in New York, at the hotel "New Yorker" January 7, 1943. At first his funeral service in the Orthodox manner, and then the body was burned at Buddhist ceremonies. Almost all of its manuscript disappeared and most of the experiments failed to replicate in one or laboratories throughout the world.
The worlds open Tesla
Only now are we starting to see the door to the unknown world which opened Tesla. Kirlian effect, for example, was patented in 1949, and Tesla demonstrated the amazing glow effect "aura" of items at the end of XIX century.
Half a century after Tesla juggling fireballs, they tried to create a Nobel Prize PL Kapitsa. In 1980, on a pilot plant for the creation of ball lightning IM Shakhparonov received a "by-product" in the form of graphite with unique magnetic properties. Moreover, the elements of the plant itself were the source of an unknown field, reducing blood clotting, improves the taste of food and even vodka.
To date, the impact of strong magnetic fields on living organisms really shows in Japan, where a "zero gravity" send frogs and dogs. In high magnetic fields, the animals' hovering in the air. " However, people still do not fly — the consequences of actions such fields have not been studied.
Some scientists are now enthusiastic study of torsion fields, and information about it are looking for in the fragmentary records of Tesla. But they are running low.
Most journals and manuscripts of Nikola Tesla had disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
Where are they today? What are the secrets held?
Can be stored in the vaults of the Pentagon and waiting in the wings.
Or, as some biographers, Nicola burned them himself at the beginning of World War II, making sure that the knowledge is too dangerous for these foolish humanity …