Last week, two things happened. With a plus and a minus. Let's start with the bad news. According to the Interfax-Military News Agency, citing sources in Delhi, the Ministry of Defence of India has decided to buy instead of Russian attack helicopters Mi-28N U.S. helicopters AH-64D Apache Longbow. The decision on the purchase of "Apache", says the agency has been made as a result of the tender for the supply of 22 military vehicles after the comparative trials of the two vehicles, conducted in late 2010.
Antiship missile "BrahMos" became a symbol of Russian-Indian cooperation. Photo: Reuters
Those tests included the training of helicopter firing weapons. Apache, apparently, the Indian side liked more. The representative of the Western Air Command in Delhi said that "both machines worked fine, but the U.S. has shown superiority in key aspects, as increased capability and all-weather use."
The second event was more optimistic — the third in this year's launch of the marine strategic missile RSM-30 "Bulava" from the board of the mother for her strategic missile submarine of Project 955 class "Northwind", "Yury Dolgoruky", held on the last Friday of the White Sea Kura testing ground on the Kamchatka, ended successfully. As head of the Office of Information and Press Service Russian Defense Ministry Colonel Igor Konashenkov, all Warhead reach these goals.
These two events — the failure of the Mi-28N is a tender in India, and another successful launch "Bulava" — have in common, maybe not conspicuous, but the real internal logic. We will definitely return to it. And now as to why our helicopter lost the competition with its U.S. competitor, and that this implies.
But first, how in their native homeland, in his Moscow media, both print and electronic, was greeted with a message about the defeat of the Mi-28N. Some colleagues, as is now accepted, believing that well-versed in all the world — from arms production and trade, to soccer, medicine, and culture, he immediately began to sing a requiem categorically Russian-Indian military-technical cooperation. "Russia is losing the Indian market", — said one newspaper. Another informed its readers that "Moscow again lost to Delhi to Washington." The third listed all the failures of Russian exporters of weapons and military equipment, as well as suppliers of arms to the Indian way. Remembered the protracted modernization and repair of aircraft carrier "Vikramaditya" ("Admiral Gorshkov"), the failure of the tender for 126 multi-role fighters for the Indian Air Force in the amount of $ 10 billion of domestic MiG-35, the refusal to buy Russian anti-Delhi and search and reconnaissance aircraft IL-38, about the problems with the transmission in the long-suffering Indians leasing a nuclear submarine project 971 "Nerpa" …
In short, crying Yaroslavny and only. Continuous uninterrupted crisis and failure after failure. And no reason not occurred to me to say the same thing, "Vikramaditya", which comes out next year on the sea trials of the aircraft wing for this ship — two dozen multi MiG-29K/KUB that have already been delivered and Delhi who master Indian pilots, the six-class frigates Talwar, armed supersonic antiship missiles Klub, three of which have already been transferred to Indian sailors, and three more are under construction at the Baltic Shipyard "Yantar" in Kaliningrad, on the diesel submarines of class "Kilo", which include modernization in Severodvinsk to give as a shock weapons are the same anti-ship missiles Klub …
A further three and a half hundred of our T-90S tanks, which have been successfully master the Indians and asked to build them another one and a half thousand of these machines, the pride of the Indian Air Force and a half hundreds of Russian Su-30 MKI, our aircraft airborne early warning and control IL -76 with the Israeli aerial "Falcon" that fly over subcontinent, a co-production of supersonic anti-ship missile "BrahMos", on …
But enough. Enumerate joint projects, including such as the creation of a fifth generation fighter, you can endlessly. Only two digits to make it clear that there is no crisis, despite the lamentations of some colleagues in the Russian-Indian military-technical cooperation there is not expected. 60% of India's total arms imports accounted for Russia. Our country earns on arms exports to that country to $ 5-6 billion annually. These are the "loss of the Indian arms market"!
But the defeat from victory Thou shall not deviate
Yet. Let us return to the question, why was defeated our all-weather attack helicopter Mi-28N. Let us recall the statement of an anonymous representative of the Western Air Command in Delhi, relied on by the Interfax-AVN. He said that "both machines worked fine, but the U.S. has shown superiority in key aspects, as increased capacity and all-weather use."
If translated into normal language, these words (increased capability and all-weather), it becomes obvious (and experts confirm this) that the Mi-28N, all these qualities are present in its entirety. Another thing is that the "twenty-eighth", for that matter, each machine does have its disadvantages, which could cause some annoyance Indian pilots. For example, there is a very effective job antenna complex. The helicopter is called "Night Stalker", and crashing it into work in the dark, of course, can not affect his reputation. The organizers of the tender, reportedly put forward about 20 comments on the Russian "turntable", which, according to them, and did not allow it to become the winner of the competition to supply the Indian Army.
All of them are more or less valid. But, in the opinion of many military experts, is unlikely to have played a crucial role in determining the winner of the tender. In the end, the work and onboard antenna complex and night sights can be improved in the course of preparation of the Mi-28N to supply to the Indian army. Including and involving in the process of foreign companies and foreign equipment. Do not rule out that pushing this "carousel" to the Indian tender, our experts at the turn of events and just hoped. As it was, for example, made the multifunctional fighter Su-30MKI, where the on-board equipment is French, Israeli and Indian instruments. That only increased the combat capability of the airplane. It was possible to carry out such an upgrade, and with the "Night Stalker". But in Delhi do not want to. Why?
The main reasons, in our opinion, somewhat. Chief among them, which led to the selection of AH-64D, and not the Mi-28N, was the fact that the Russian "Hunter" has only just begun to act in their own army — Russian Air Force today has no more than three dozen of these machines. As the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, Army General Nikolai Makarov, the troops should be supplied annually by 15 such helicopters, and the first part of the deliveries will be completed only in 2015. It turns out that the Indian Air Force will have to wait until the end of this period, after which the Russian plants will start to make cars for Delhi. And they really do not like it.
The same Apache made soon for 30 years, and a new version of AH-64D Apache Longbow — as much as 20 years. All the "Apaches" of the various models of more than a thousand units. This machine is today the main striking fo
rce of the U.S. Army helicopter aviation. In 2006, it launched a major upgrade, which should increase the efficiency of the helicopter. The Pentagon intends to soon hold through the process nearly three hundred AH-64D. Not the fact that India will sell its latest version, but the previous ones, too, are a very good buy. So here the Indian generals have probably not lost.
Indian generals like Russian fighters. Photo by Victor Litovkina
There is another important reason why they are approximately equal in fighting qualities of the Mi-28N "Night Hunter" and AH-64D Apache Longbow chose American. It lies in the fact that Delhi is running today the principle of "do not put all your eggs in one basket." And to the procurement of military equipment suitable to diversify. This approach has its drawbacks — for example, there is a need for a variety of principles maintenance of combat vehicles, in varying their repair, upgrade and supply of spare parts that is very burdensome for the economy and for the army. But on the other hand, India does not become a hostage to the interests of this or that, but one state.
Now 70-80% of military equipment, standing on the Indian army, the Soviet or Russian origin. The complex processes taking place in the military-industrial complex of Russia — retooling, the rise in the supply of materials and components for energy, preparation and updating of qualified technical staff — all this affects the performance of military contracts, which concluded Delhi and Moscow. Their private tightened and the quality of products supplied. In India, quite rightly do not want so closely dependent on the protracted restructuring of the domestic defense industry. And, perhaps, in that they are right.
But on the other hand, it does not mean that in Delhi abandon the old and trusted partner in military-technical cooperation. Such as Moscow. Russia has a definite advantage over all suppliers of military equipment from any country in the world. First, it's 50-plus years of this very closely, with its vast experience successes and shortcomings, where success was much more than a problem. And secondly, what is perhaps most importantly — Russia has never put his arms supply relationship, the sale of licenses for their production in local factories, their modernization concessions from India on various foreign policy issues. That, in principle, does regularly Washington.
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Ru03BCRu0456ReS u2021 Ru03BCSu0403Ru0454ReS … Su0402R � Ru0454Ru03BCS,. R R R � � C, the PS, C u2021 C, the PS Ru0455Ru0405Re C u2021 ft Su040A P "Re Ru0405Ru03BC Ru0455R � u00B1 Ru0458R Ru0405Ru0405S <Cosmosblack Ru0457Su0453S, Ru03BCRu0458 Ru0457Ru03BCSu0402Ru03BCS … Ru0406R � C, PEP" Re Ru0454Ru0455Ru0405S, Su0402R � Ru0454S, Ru0405R � C, � F � Ru0454Su0453Su040B Su0402R Ru0454Ru03BCS, Su0453 Su0453 R 'R R | ReRu0458Ru03BCRu0405Re Ru045AR Ru0454Ru03BCRu03BCRu0406R � �, Ru0454Ru0455S, Ru0455Su0402S <P number ReRu0458Ru03BCRu0405Ru0405Ru0455 Ru0458Ru0455Su0402Su0403Ru0454ReRu0458Re Su0402R Ru0454Ru03BCS �, P � � Ru0458Re Ru0406Su0403Ru03BCRu0456Ru0491R Re P � P � � P Ru0405ReRu0458R "Su0403Su040F . R R R � � C, the PS, C u2021 C, the PS Ru0455Ru0405Re Ru0455R Ru03BCS u2030 u00B1 P � P "Re Su0403Ru0491Ru03BCR" F � C, � F Su040A Su0453Ru0405ReRu0406Ru03BCSu0402Su0403R "Su040ARu0405Su0453Su040B (Ru0405R � F � D Ru03BCRu0458Ru0405Su0453Su040B Ru0458Ru0455Su0402Su0403Ru0454Su0453Su040B Ru0455Ru0491Ru0405Ru0455Ru0406Su0402Ru03BCRu0458Ru03BCRu0405Ru0405Ru0455) Su0402R � Ru0454Ru03BCS, Su0453, Ru0405Ru0455 Ru0405Ru03BC Su0403Ru0491Ru03BCR "P � P" Revu0402 | Ru045ARu0405Ru0455Ru0456Ru0455 C u2021 Ru03BCRu0456Ru0455 P u00B1 C <P "the PS.
Ru045ERu0455R "Su040ARu0454Ru0455 P" Su040BRu0491Re, C u2021 C, the PS Ru0405R � F � C <Ru0406R � Ru03BCS, Su0403Su040F, ft ReSu0403Ru0405Su0453Ru0406 Su0453R u00B1 R � C <D PEP � Su0402Ru03BCRu0491Ru0454R Ru0455S �, P � u00B1 ReRu0406R Su040FSu0403Su040A Ru0455S, Ru0455Su0403Ru0455R the PS u00B1 Ru0405R � F � Ru0455R number P "ReRu0406S <C … Ru0454Su0402ReS, ReRu0454R � Ru0405Ru0455Ru0406, Ru0491Ru03BCR" P � P "Re Su0403Ru0406Ru0455Ru03BC Ru0491Ru03BCR" the PS. PP � u00B1 Ru0455Ru0491Ru0405Ru0455 Ru0455R Ru0405Ru0455Ru0406R "Su040FR" Re Ru0457Su0402Ru0455ReR � Ru0406Ru0455Ru0491Su0403S, Ru0406Ru0455, Ru0406Ru0406Ru0455Ru0491ReR "D u00D0 u00B6 Ru03BCSu0403S, Ru0454ReR number C Ru03BCS … Ru0405Ru0455R" Ru0455Ru0456ReS u2021 Ru03BCSu0403Ru0454ReR number Ru0454Ru0455Ru0405S, Su0402Ru0455R "Su040A P � P � Ru0457Ru0455Su0403S, Su0453Ru0457R � Su040BS u2030 ReRu0458 Ru0405R � u00B1 Su0403R Ru0455Su0402Ru0454Su0453 Ru0454Ru0455Ru0458Ru0457R "Ru03BCRu0454S, Su0453Su040BS u2030 ReRu0458Re, P � P � � P u00B1 Su0402R Ru0455S, Ru0455R number ReRu0405R u00B6 Ru03BCRu0405Ru03BCSu0402Ru0455Ru0406 D C Ru03BCS … Ru0405ReRu0454Ru0455Ru0406, Su0403Ru0455R � Ru0491R Su040BS � u2030 res … Su0402R � Ru0454Ru03BCS, Su0453, P � P � Ru0458Ru0405Ru0455Ru0456ReRu0458Re Ru0491Su0402Su0453Ru0456ReRu0458Re Ru0457Su0402Ru0455S u2020 Ru03BCSu0403Su0403R � Ru0458Revu0402 | RV "R'Su0453R" P � � The Ru0406R "Ru0457Ru0455R" Ru03BCS, Ru03BCR "P � C, Su0453Ru0491R �, Ru0454Su0453Ru0491R � � Ru0405R Ru0491Ru0455. R R � 17 Ru0457Su0453Su0403Ru0454Ru0455Ru0406 C Ru0455R "Su040ARu0454Ru0455 Su0403Ru03BCRu0458Su040A Ru0405Ru03BCSu0453Ru0491R � C u2021 Ru0405S <C ….
P u2022 ft Su040A From u20AC Ru0405Su0403 � F, C u2021 C, the PS PI Ru0405R � C u2021 P � P "Ru03BC P u00B1 u2030 Su0453Ru0491Su0453S Ru03BCRu0456Ru0455 Ru0456Ru0455Ru0491R � � Ru0455Ru0405R Ru0406Ru0458Ru03BCSu0403S, Ru03BC Su0403 Su0403Ru0455R u00B1 ft Ru0406Ru03BCRu0405Ru0405S <Ru0458Re Ru0405Ru0455Su0403ReS, Ru03BCR" Su040FRu0458Re u00E2 u20AC "In" P u00AE Su0402ReRu03BCRu0458 P "Ru0455R" Ru0456Ru0455Su0402Su0453Ru0454ReRu0458V "In Re" Ru0452R "Ru03BCRu0454Su0403R � Ru0405Ru0491Su0402Ru0455Ru0458 Ru045CRu03BCRu0406Su0403Ru0454ReRu0458V" u00E2 u20AC "Ru0405R Ru0454Ru0455Ru0405Ru03BCS � u2020-C, the PS Ru0406Ru0455R number Ru0491Ru03BCS, PI P u00B1 Ru0455Ru03BCRu0406Ru0455R number ft Su0402Ru0455R u2116, P u00B1 Su0453Ru0491Su0453S, Ru0457Su0402ReRu0405Su040FS, C <Ru0405R � u00B6 Ru0406Ru0455Ru0455Su0402Su0453R Ru03BCRu0405ReRu03BC Re Ru0405R � C u2021 Ru0405Ru03BCS, Ru0405Ru03BCSu0403S, Fe, P u00B1 u00B6 Ru0455Ru03BCRu0406Ru0455Ru03BC Ru0491Ru03BCR Su0453Su0402Su0403S, Ru0406Ru0455 Ru0457Ru0455 P � P � C u2030 RES, Ru03BC Ru0405R � C u2020 ReRu0455Ru0405R � P "Su040ARu0405S <C ReRu0405S …, Ru03BCSu0402Ru03BCSu0403Ru0455Ru0406 ft Su0402R � Ru0405S <.
Ru045CRu03BC Ru0405R � Ru0491Ru0455 Su0453Ru0491ReRu0406R "Su040FS, Su040ASu0403Su040F Ru0405Ru03BCSu0453Ru0491R � C u2021 P � Cosmosblack, Ru0457Ru0455Su0403S <Ru0457R � C, Su040A Ru0456Ru0455R" Ru0455Ru0406Su0453 Ru0457Ru03BCRu0457R "Ru0455Ru0458, P � C u00B1 R Ru03BCRu0458 Ru0455R" Ru03BCRu03BC P � P "Ru0455Su0402R � Ru0491Su0403S, Ru0406Ru0455Ru0406R � C, Su040A Ru0457Ru0455 Su040CS, Ru0455Ru0458Su0453 Ru0457Ru0455Ru0406Ru0455Ru0491Su0453. P u2022 Su0403R "Re Ru0406Su0403Ru0457Ru0455Ru0458Ru0405ReS, Su040A, PI Su0403Ru0455Ru0406Ru03BCS, Su0403Ru0454Ru0455Ru03BC Ru0406Su0402Ru03BCRu0458Su040F Su0403R � Ru0458S <Ru03BC Su0403Ru03BCRu0456Ru0455Ru0491Ru0405Su040F P" Ru03BCRu0456Ru03BCRu0405Ru0491R � Su0402Ru0405S <Ru03BC In "ft Su0402R � C, Ru03BCRu0456ReV" u00E2 u20AC "In" Ru040ES, PEP "Ru03BCS, in" Re In "R'Ru0455Ru03BCRu0406Ru0455Ru0491R � B" Ru0458Ru0455Su0402Su0403Ru0454ReRu03BC PI C, C u2021 Ru0455Ru0458 ReSu0403R "Ru03BC, u00E2 u20AC" Ru0405R � C � F u2021 ReRu0405R "Re Ru0405Ru0455Su0402Ru0458R � P" Su040ARu0405Ru0455 P "Ru03BCS, P � C, Su040A Ru0457Ru0455Su0403R" Ru03BC Ru0491Ru0406R � u2020 P Ru0491S � C Ru0455Ru0456Ru0455-C Su0402ReRu0491S � F u2020 C Ru0455Ru0456Ru0455 Ru0457Su0453Su0403Ru0454R �. R S u2021 C, the PS? Ru045BRu0405Re Ru0491Ru0455Su0403S, Ru0455R number Ru0405Ru0455 ft <Ru0456Su0402R � P "Re Re Ru0457Su0402Ru0455Ru0491Ru0455R" P � u00D0 u00B6 Su040BS, ReRu0456Su0402R � C, Su040A Su0403Ru0406Ru0455Su040B Su0402Ru0455R "Su040A Su0403Ru0491Ru03BCSu0402R u00B6 ReRu0406R Ru0405ReSu040F Ru0406Ru0455R � � u00B6 Ru0458Ru0455R Ru0405Ru0455Ru0456Ru0455 Ru0456Su0402Ru03BCSu0403Su0403Ru0455Su0402R P � �.
Ru045ER � Ru0454 Re Su0403 In "Ru045CRu0455S u2021 Ru0405S <Cosmosblack Ru0455S … Ru0455S, Ru0405ReRu0454Ru0455Ru0458V." Ru045CRu03BCSu0453Ru0491R � C u2021 P � PI ReRu0405Ru0491ReR number Su0403Ru0454Ru0455Ru0458 C Ru03BCRu0405Ru0491Ru03BCSu0402Ru03BC, Ru0405R � Ru0491Ru0455 Ru0491Su0453Ru0458R � C, Su040A, P � P � ft � F Ru0406ReS, Ru03BCRu0456Ru0455 Su0403Ru0455R � Ru0491R � C, Ru03BCR "Ru03BCR number P u00B1 Ru0455R" Ru03BCRu03BC Ru0406Ru0405ReRu0458R � C, Ru03BCR "Su040ARu0405Ru0455 Ru0457Ru0455Ru0491Ru0455R number C, D Ru0454 C Ru03BCRu0458 P � P � P � u2021 Ru0458Ru03BCS Ru0405ReSu040FRu0458, Ru0454Ru0455S, Ru0455Su0402S <Ru03BC Su0403Ru0491Ru03BCR" P � P "Re Ru03BCRu0458Su0453 ReRu0405Ru0491ReR number Su0403Ru0454ReRu03BC P" Ru03BCS, C u2021 ReRu0454Re. P "Ru0455R u00B1 RES, RES … Su040ASu0403Su040F ReSu0403Ru0457Su0402R � Ru0406R" Ru03BCRu0405ReSu040F. Ru045ERu03BCR
u0405Ru0491Ru03BCSu0402Ru0455Ru0406 Ru0405R � Ru03BCRu0456Ru0455 Ru0406Ru03BCSu0402S, Ru0455R "Ru03BCS, Ru0405Ru0455Ru0458 Ru0406Ru03BCRu0454Su0453 P u00B1 Su0453Ru0491Ru03BCS, Ru0458Ru0405Ru0455Ru0456Ru0455. Ru045CR � F Ru0405Ru0491ReRe Su0403Ru0406Ru03BCS, Ru0454R "ReRu0405Ru0455Ru0458 Ru0405Ru03BC Su0403Ru0455S u20AC Ru03BCR" Su0403Su040F. P u2022 ft Su040A Ru0405R � u00B6 Ru0491Ru03BCR Ru0491R �, C u2021 C, the PS Ru0457Ru0455R Ru03BCRu0491R � u00B1 Ru045ARe-28Ru045C PI Ru0491Su0402Su0453Ru0456ReS … Su0403Ru0455Su0402Ru03BCRu0406Ru0405Ru0455Ru0406R � Ru0405ReSu040FS … Ru0405Ru03BC P � P � � Ru0456Ru0455Su0402R Ru0458Re.