More bots, fewer people. It is in this direction are going to move South American military. But what it did for the bots?
The army is under the special attention of the authorities, as it contains most of the population, which consumes almost half of the budget on salaries and benefits, and these people are serving in the army, suffering huge losses.
On it informs edition Breaking Defense.
R. Cohn said that certain services are studying how to use bots can change 25% fighter in each of the 4 thousand Army Brigade Combat Team.
This need is due to the fact that today’s budget crisis is forcing the military to replace people who require huge costs and valuable equipment, necessary for the preservation of life fighter at a single introduction of a cheap bots.
But the most discussed question — what kind of work will make bots and what will be the degree of human management. Will they do the languid military work, freeing people from the dirty, monotonous and unsafe operation, such as defusing improvised explosive devices? Or entrust kill bots on their own initiative?
Ground unmanned ton during exercises in White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, in 2010. (Army)
In the main, the military wish automatic mules relevant bots are:
conduct preparatory exploration
provide tech support for basic human forces that drive real fight
Lieutenant General William Hicks, said that the military wish malehankih bots equipped with highly sensitive sensors that would move the shoulder on shoulder with the infantry and warned them about the hidden dangers, «robots that if you want to look like a hunting dog,» — said W. Hicks on a conference call with reporters.
They are willing to medium sized boats that carry loads for personnel during long-term exploration (a concept at one point officially received the title MULE — wheeled robot SUV).
In Washington, eventually defected to the functional army vehicles, better known in the Pentagon as «Army mule»
They desire huge tractors that move alone for himself, one hundred percent of the column providing transport supply, with all this very long series of bots by following the only manned vehicle, playing «follow the leader» (game «imitation» when participants have to copy the acts leading, who does not have time — out of the game).
They wish reconnaissance drone that flies in front of manned aircraft and informs about the results of observation.
The analytical report, released under the title «20YY: Preparing for War in the Age of robots,» Deputy Secretary of the Navy last Robert Wark and his co-author Shawn Brimley develop a cheap call «self-governing offensive system» and in sufficient quantity to make a «series of reconnaissance and strike aircraft . » (Wark and Brimley did not specify the exact date for this plan — because the title of the report begins with 20YY — but they say they are, you need to begin at the moment).
Austro report «20YY: Preparing for War in the Age of Robots»
«We need to come up with a huge automatic killer bees who stormed malehankih bombs instead of stingers and coordinate their maneuvers, using wi-fi instead of pheromones.»
Both parties agree that in the future in the armed forces will be more bots — and not only from the U.S.. In fact, when you compare the reduction of military research and development, high technology spread around the world and concern about the ability of a computer to put pressure on the trigger, you will see a real danger that the more nimble and immoral opponents can enter into battle killer robots first .
These are questions of life, death and taxes — in other words, 10 billion dollars-ki military taxpayers fail to invest in projects that will elect themselves. The Army is already experimenting with armed robots samples MADDS, but there is always a person who leads a mechanism in place, even with the remote control.
TRADOC is waiting today Adopting a «unmanaged combat platforms» until 2035. Wark and Brimley, on the contrary, more confident that bots can send a challenge for myself, at least, in certain circumstances.
Army Aviation fulfills the combined use of helicopter gunships and UAVs
Defensive value robotics more principled: Wark and Brimley say that if you change the human robot wherever it may be, then do not worry about how to return back the troops alive, because Now in the first place is not a man.
Currently, the United States invested a small amount of very expensive, very high quality and perfectly secure systems — low-profile fighter, Navy destroyers, army tanks — which there are people inside. Remove people from there and will not have anyone to provide air, armored, food and a host of other systems that are needed for survival.
Then change some expensive, huge series of manned aircraft malehankih unguided aircraft single implementation. «Man — the operator safely sent to benign distance puzzle will provide for the control of these aircraft — write Wark and Brimley — but most modern front line through the whole territory» — air, land, sea of cosmic space, and cyberspace «- will be deserted, networked, mental and independent. «
Bots killer is not the only thing that worried Wark and Brimley. As «human operator» who «removed on benign distance» is going to «manage» anything? Response suggests even more conviction in stock a huge range wireless network acts which the military is one hundred percent invested in the 1990s.
Computer network sends orders and messages faster and more than more detail than the human voice, and passes through the GPS coordinates clear how to lose fighters and guided bombs, but they are vulnerable to more technologically experienced opponents.
Wark and Brimley discussed «mandatory requirements for robust and reliable communication,» is able to link bots and humans. But in general, they seem to just imagine that you can buy new technologies to suspend interference by the enemy and acts of hackers, «much of what is now a matter of concern — a reliable connection with automatic system for very long distances — it seems likely improve «- they write.
But managing of Naval Operations Admiral Jonathan Grinert thinks that network security will be a major battle.
Or, as said Colonel Christopher Cross of TRADOC, all the technology of today are based on reliable, and secure network duplicate.
Having lost it, you can lose all dignity. What Army and agree and think tank, but it is something that you can not take an advantage of technology as tribute. As soon as the leading technology spread throughout the world, an advantage possessed by the United States in the late 1990s — early 2000s in the field of high-precision detectors, guided weapons, of cosmic and virtual systems, technologies radiopoglaschayuschih materials, began to fade.
Moreover, the loss of advantages presently occurs at an accelerated pace. Armed Forces own research showed that the U.S. lost its leadership in areas such as long-range artillery that an advantage of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) will begin to weaken the middle of the 2020s, but an advantage in robotics and other major areas will continue until the 2030s .
Colonel Cross said: «We thought that we are very pessimistic. We thought that we gave the enemy a lot of confidence. But when the Army presented their research college professors and engineers, which took place not long ago in the College of William and Mary, their response was that «we are very optimistic.»
The question is not just technology: it ethical. How to be a smart bot, before he is allowed to make its own decision: shoot or do not shoot? South American standards for distinguishing between civilian and combatant persons higher than organizations that are constantly blowing up military and civilians using improvised explosive devices, such as that of the Taliban or inaccurate missiles, such as Hamas and Hezbollah.