2010 was the worst in the history of global observations of the most destructive floods. However, only the first 3 weeks of 2011 has proved to be a mega-flood as for the whole year ", — said meteorologist Jeff Mesters.
The whole day was spent in the study of what columnist New York Times, Thomas Friedman calls "global meteohaosom": the destabilization of our meteosystems, shakes 3 million tons of emissions that enter the atmosphere, thanks to us the use of natural resources. So today is a rare day when I was so shocked by recent statements from NASA about the extreme values of rainfall last year.
Equally all the locals were in a difficult situation due to the abnormally wet and cloudy spring. Even our neighbors from Washington wore rubber boots when the fourth experienced the worst flooding since 1895.
However, we are lucky. We got off lightly.
According to this incredible report by NASA, rainfall and snowfall across the planet were so extreme in many areas, with the result that all this has caused sharp drop in sea level.
Over a century, sea levels have risen steadily since warmer than ever, ocean water has increased and caused the melting of glaciers. Compared to previous decades the actual sea-level rise is 2 times faster. Submitted to NASA diagram shows that were both increasing and decreasing, but the 6-mm lowering of the satellite was recorded only in the last year.
It would seem that 6 mm is not such a big number, but if they collect from the ocean surface, these amount to 6 mm 26,000 gallons of water per person. (Gallon — a measure of volume approximately equal to 4.55 liters, — annotated. Translator).
So where all this water gone?
One of the main cause of this phenomenon is the strongest recent cyclone — La Niña. La Niña Move and weather models, the cyclone has caused extremely heavy rainfall in places such as India, Pakistan, Australia and the northern areas of North and South America.
Below the map by satellite data from NASA Graham last year the most rainy area marked in blue. In areas marked in dark blue, 50 mm of rain fell over the year.
Grace shows changes in precipitation for the period from March 2010 to March 2011
These dark blue areas — show leading grand in scale flooding all over the world that are not only deprived of the blood of tens of millions of people, destroyed agriculture, infrastructure, but also caused a drop in sea level by 6 mm.
Year record flood
In the past year 182 floods affected 180 million people, which is almost 2 times the annual average for the past decade. Here are some of them:
One-fifth of Pakistan under water, which is why 20 million people have been forced to move, the reason for the flood — the abnormal in duration monsoon rains.
140 million Chinese suffered from weeks of severe flooding and a record landslide occurred.
"Biblical flood" in Australia covered area, the area of which is equal to the total size of France and Germany combined. Over the past 111 years in Australia was the wet spring in some areas of the country the water rose up to 4 feet. At one point, the level of rainfall of 6 inches for some half an hour, in a different city for a day has dropped 14 inches.
The unprecedented flooding in the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. A series of storms hitting all records — "Snow Armageddon" — snowed part of Canada and the U.S.. When all is melted, the entire U.S. middle stripe was flooded. Major General Michael Walsh of the Engineering Division of the U.S. Army complains: "Who would I not say everything from boaters, workers, scientists, engineers, and ending truckers, all said the same thing:" I do not even think that the witness is so severe flooding. "
During the 300 years of records overflowing Manitoba after a quick spring thaw and heavy rains led Assiniboine River to a record high floods.
For the first time in 1,000 years has caused flooding in Nashville Tennessee. Only 2 days dropped 15 inches of precipitation (about 420 billion gallons).
Over the past 500 years, North Carolina suffered severe rainfall, 3 days when 19 inches of rain fell. For the 500-year history is the second such downpour, and the first was 11 years ago.
Giant hail. Seven U.S. states have set their records compared to South Dakota, which for the time was fixed maximum diameter of hailstones: 8 inches (inch is approximately 2.54 cm — annotated. Translator). This hailstone fell July 23, 2010 How much time was high energy storm to eventually face a hail!
The worst natural disaster in the entire history of Brazil, occurred within 1 day. Heavy rain caused flooding in Rio de Janeiro, many landslides have killed people in densely populated areas. Only a few hours hit 12 inches of rain in some parts of Brazil.
Exhausted by heavy rains Bolivia also affected by the floods and landslides.
ColombiaI, which is almost 11 months experienced the incessant rains, which exceeded in intensity normal rainfall of 5-6. Millions and billions of losses suffered. The President of Colombia said it this way: "In the history of our country has not been anything like this." Managing Regional Development countries Gabriela Bucher estimated incident as follows: "Some areas of the country were thrown in its development by 15-20 years ago."
The role of global warming
Could these recent extreme events occur without our CO2 emissions? NASA's chief climate scientist James Hansen says, "Almost certainly not."
Dr. Kevin Trenberth — head of the Department on Climatic Analysis of the National Center for Atmospheric Research says Joe Romm's blog (Joe Romm — a member of the Clinton administration — annotated. Translator)
"It's not really asking the right questions to ask, is the result of a storm of global warming or it is an example of natural changes. At the moment, there is reason to take into account the fact … and more systematic influence on all of these weather phenomena is a fact like the appearance of the water vapor (or vapor) in the atmosphere, which said 30 years ago. This is about 4% of what is necessary for the generation of the storm, which could ensure its moisture content, and unfortunately, the public does not see this as a manifestation of climate change. "
Meteorologist and longtime hunter hurricane Jeff Mesters said Joe Romm:
"In my thirty years of working meteorologist I've never seen such a strange weather as in 2010, those embarrassingly extreme events I witnessed was make me worry: our climate is showing signs of instability."
One of the world-famous companies engaged secondary insurance — Munich Re (Munich Re — German reinsurance company, a leader in the insurance market and the leader — the world reinsurance market in the beginning of XXI century — annotated. Translator) Stated the following:
"… It would seem that the only plausible explanation is the increase in the number meteokatastrof climate change … In general, across the planet, 2010 was the warmest year in 130 years of records, a strong temperature increase was particularly noticeable in the last 12 years. A warmer atmosphere, plus the increased temperature of the sea water together can have a significant effect.
Professor Peter Hoepp, head of Geo Risk Research of Munich Re: "What would happen if a change in the mechanism of formation of the weather. If you do not attach importance to the amount of carbon dioxide emissions, the future generation will have hard times. "
In a recent issue of "The Economist" was summed up that the climate is changing much faster than even the gloomiest scenarios, calculate climate models: "When reality is changing faster than it should be as suggested by theory, then there is a concern with is warranted. "
Craig Fyugeyt — the head of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency, put it more precisely: "The phrase" once in a hundred years "- has lost its original meaning."
So, what do we have?
Well, according to the progress report from NASA, "… running water from the mountains and an extra rain will eventually find their way to the sea. When this happens, the sea level will rise again. We heat the planet, and in the end it means even greater increase in the level of the sea. "
What happens in the environment and how quickly — depends on us. We — the people — in fact, concerned about this question, burn or not to burn?
Option 1: Leave alone forever minerals.
Option 2: Keep doing what you are doing now, to dig up and burn the latest "crumbs" all hydrocarbons.
Climatology clearly lets us know and we are ready to understand that with the further burning of minerals, we can not count on a fairly stable weather, which provides us with our well-being.
In the words of Nobel Peace Prize winner and world-renowned scholar and climate scientist Andrew Weaver, in an interview with UBC, only reducing the amount of emissions we can avoid a dangerous rise in temperature by more than 2 degrees. We must completely stop further emissions.
Weaver has shown that even if the human race will cease to burn 90 percent of the mineral used today, the remaining 10 percent is enough to "warm up" the planet by the year 2050 by more than 2 degrees. Humanity is entering a period of dangerous and abrupt climate changes that we still have to avoid, as stated by Canada, the U.S. and other leading nations of the world.
As summed Weaver: "We should be able to stop in time."
This means that in Canada, the government will have to take responsibility for the abandonment of the use of such minerals as coal, oil, natural gas, once and for all. It also means that we and our business will have to abandon the use of clean-burning natural resources.
What we're doing right now — it is our choice at the moment — is to burn it. We have absolutely no limitations, plans for any of our existing natural resources. Weaver was asked to give an assessment of the current policy of our country on the state of the climate. He replied, "I'll be brief. And things are there. " Instead of taking action, we have become leaders in the movement of the side more than ever unpredictable and extreme weather.
Mesters meteorologist: "I suspect that crazy weather in 2010 after 10 years will become the norm, as the climate is trying to preserve the stability, taking into account the greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. Forty years later in 2010 the weather will be quite bearable. We settled on the future of our children with radical climate change, which will regularly be unprecedented and highly destructive to many corners of the planet's weather patterns. This year — just the beginning. "
Hansen — expert on climate of the Earth and Venus — indicates a more convincing to us warning. In the face of long-term political inactivity to address the threat of climate stability, he calculated that the Earth's climate could repeat what once happened to our sister — Venus — a huge greenhouse effect will cause the "boil" the oceans and destroy life on the planet:
"I have come to warn you that if we burn all reserves of oil, gas and coal, we have a" good "chance to arrange the global greenhouse. If we also burn the tar sands and shale, I am fully confident in the appearance of symptoms of Venus. "
Our Canadian government is currently using our tax dollars in order to vigorously develop the tar sands under the banner of "ethical oil" (More information about the term «ethical oil» read here wikipedia.org, — annotated. Translator).
Hansen, who was arrested along with the other more than 1,200 others, to protest against the active mining of tar sands to the market, said:
"You can avoid climate tipping points, but only if there is rapid and progressive reduction in the use of mineral resources and the lack of development of non-conventional resources. If the government will continue to develop "non-traditional" (it is the tar sands) resources, then either it does not understand anything, or just does not care about the future of our children. "
He has repeatedly said that if we fully utilize our unconventional tar sands, it means an end to all hopes of saving the climate.
From this point of view climatology argues that a truly "ethical oil" — oil left in the ground forever.
Translation: Anna Krasnov