Since ancient times, people wanted to move. Just born, newborn proclaims itself the world cries and involuntary movements that confirm what has been the life of another human creature. Because we all know that the movement — is life. Even plants, their roots tied to Mother-raw-earth, the leaves turn in the course of the sun in such a way that they have always been addressed as much of the surface of the light.
Once people realized that it is able to control his body, not only to hunt or gather fruits, but also to display their movements habits of animals. Perception of the world to appear in certain body movements that occur in a certain sequence and were no more than a change of the seasons and the cycles of matter in nature. Slavs to learn to dance the secret movements of the human heart and transmission of light in the sky. Gradually learning about human nature and its extended experience and perception of the world as well flowed at certain precise, repetitive movements. Over time, people began to reproduce natural movement, which has set itself the word "dance." In most of the Aryan (Indo-European) languages the word pronounced consonant and it proves once again that once a certain ancient community of white people had one language for communication and common understanding of the universe. Subsequently, the idea of the universe resulted in the designation of parts of the human body (especially becomes clear when considering the body, such as a reduced model of the World, in the Russian language definition. Example: the heart — the middle of the world, yarlo — "solar plexus" nerve endings, the sky — the sky teeth — the mountains, and so on.) and ritual dance-movements. Of course, many of the significant that our forefathers laid in secret, but simple and clear, to his circle of understanding the world we can not understand the lack of reverence for our ancient customs and neglect to the language of ancestors, which is presented , "secret" for us, teaching. A certain part of the knowledge we have lost forever, as in the days of Christian persecution and difficult life testing, destructive wars with you our relatives did not find the strength to give us this valuable knowledge. But even in our time, connecting disparate knowledge preserved in folk oral tradition and written sources, can significantly restore the fundamental point.
In ancient times, is in the compulsory dance circle ceremonies Generic Vedaniya and were much in vogue in all the Aryan peoples, including the Slavs. Until now dances are preserved in the rich, of all kinds, vintage wedding ceremonies in some parts of Russia and other Slavic countries, where it remains veneration of folk customs.
In epics about Dobrynya preserved evidence of ancient wedding singers and gudochnikah. So, Dobrynya learning that his wife was outside of the Indian Mockingbird Alyosha Popovich, ridden in Kiev, dressed in a gown skomorosheskoe took a harp, and came to the wedding, pushed a love watchmen: "Tell me, where is our place skomorosheskoe?" With heart says Vladimir Stolny Kiev: "What's your place skomorosheskoe
On that, on the stove, on muravlenoy,
Muravlenoy on the stove — to zapechke. "
He jumped quickly to a place on the show
Thuja on the stove, on muravlenu,
Tetivochki pulling silk
On tyya strunochki gilt,
Take into account the pace at attention.
He plays in the Kings Castle,
And a win takes all in Kiev.
He has all of the old and small,
It's all at the feast prizamolknuli.
Until now the modern wedding, you can restore the Old Slavonic Dances ceremonial wedding dance. Ancient feature of the dance was a circular dance: dance in Russia, colo, Korogod — in Ukraine, Poland and Belarus, hormos — in Macedonia, Western Bulgaria and some other southern Slavic lands. Russian dance expresses two early life: active and inactive in their world gyration. Wedding dance in its most ancient form, preserved in part so far in the gyration around kneading (Russia, Belarus, Poland), wood, young or bridal train with it in dances. In Ukraine, for weddings and especially their wedding night, when the young are in the bedchamber, a friend of his and intoxicating prichet gudboyu (music) is noisy Korogod. At that time, young experiments fall to sleep, men and women indulge in fun and frantic dance, the women tear off the head scarf and her hair over her shoulders, spinning and singing sensual songs. Voluptuous to some extent could be caused by the presence of the thought of wedding passionately loving and lustful love affairs in the sun. So in the Belarusian carols sung: Came Kolyada comes on a yellow conic,
Placed in a conic odrintse,
She sat on a kutse perintse,
Put a pipe on stovpe:
Play the chord pipes,
Skachtse dzevochki well.
Gyration except weddings observed in many other cases: in the spring and summer holidays, especially on the eve of Midsummer (Dancing, accompanied chorus "-so" or "tu-tu-tu!" Peculiar only midsummer songs with mandatory stamping and banging or clapping in time. Girls besides wreaths of green, worn on the head or Voinikov vyynik (neck of the word, ie neck) fabric necessarily blue, sky blue, paint the legs stockings and garters. There is attention to the signs of heaven and earth .), during childbirth, during epidemic of diseases in cattle in the pasture, when you buy a cow (four times encircle it around a stake driven into the ground by the sun), during divination.
In some places, women are usually respected Polish dance at covering up the bride's head around the last candles in their hands. In this case, the bride expresses in his person the Sun, to be greeted with lighted lamps.
In Germany, as in the Czech Republic, the land of Nyssa, Poland, there are traditions that are similar to all Slavic: during the wedding also put an old wheel or front of the house on the hill and around the wheel dance. Here the wheel serves real image of the sun, replacing the bride — the human form of pure sunlight.
In ancient times there were special heads gudby (music) and dances, craftsmen play the harp on dude, bagpipes and dancing at the same time — the buffoons who occupied in ancient life is very prominent. Especially want to note the origin of the word "gudba", which was born at the same time with a person's ability to extract audio, buzz and hum of the bowstring, and later deliberately created gudochnyh guns: rings (prototypes violins), harps, flutes, horns, bagpipes. Gudba word came to mean the diversity of the Slavs sound series, including a loud popping sound produced by the tambourines and other percussion devices. Subsequently, the word was replaced gudba from Russian Russian aristocracy, Koya replaced it with the Greek word — music.
At the wedding of Prince Vladimir Staritskogo in 1550 including wedding parties there are "plyastsy." The queen, princess and boyar took place at a wedding, assigned to them and "plyastsy stood in the hall," then have them in the most solemn hall is not allowed to enter. This is not surprising for those times. Earlier, in the XII-XIII centuries, fun and rituals only decry austere servants of the church, but at festivals, feasts, weddings, the ruling elite will gladly complied with national ceremonies and she participated in the spectacle that is a ritual merrymaking and actions. (As in "the words of Saint Niphon" in 1220 to describe the "strumming devils" that occurred even in the town square by the church: "… go twelve rusaltsev led sad and decrepit old man, jumping from sopelmi idyashe and with him a great multitude, his poslushayusche : and others were singing the same plyasahu and drawn by the trail sopelnika. Be obsessed with great sadness about such destruction … and all games molyashesya MOD besovskyh — chiefly as his estate give wicked demon, Who are the Rusal inie a buffoon. ") is already in the church studing "Golden Chain» XIV century Edify avoid these nation-wide celebrations, "Behold the essence of evil and bad things: plyasane, diamonds, nozzles, psaltery, Piskovo, strumming dissimilar, Rusal. When thou play Rusal, the skomorosi … or as a collection of pagan games — you will dwell in the same hour at home! "But in the future onslaught of the church on First Nations ceremonies, far from decreasing, with the strengthening of its power continued to grow. And later there were supported by most of the autocrats, the persecution of orthodox (Orthodox) Church at tribal customs. So in the "Hundred Chapters" — the cathedral in 1551, where the archbishop answered the questions of Ivan IV the Terrible, and who proclaimed the inviolability of church property and the exclusive jurisdiction of secular persons spiritual court recorded on midsummer tradition: "Men and women walked to their homes at night and the streets were amused shameless games, singing Satan (national, not religious) songs and danced to the harp. After a night out with loud voices, all went to the grove and bathed in the river, like a mad. " There is no record of an observer, but the wrath of master of the situation, the people unquestioningly obey his homilies.
The Serbian weddings duty entertain guests with jokes and quips lies Chaush or glumnache. There is some evidence to think that in the past were often hilarious clowns and welcome matchmakers. In Belarus, the custom, when the two men are zaruchiny Duda with the sounds that they must dance the bride.
Ritual dance with deflated very long sleeves has a distinct generic designation and very well preserved in the famous tale of the Frog Princess, where she acts as the wife of Ivan Tsarevich and then wrapped a snake, the white swan, the cuckoo, the beautiful Vasilisa the Wise : … "Festive feast of the king. Basil hides in his sleeves bones eaten swans and pours into the sleeves portion poured her wine. Turn came to dance, the king sends a large in-law (wife of senior princes), and they refer to the Frog. She immediately picked up the Prince Ivan and went. Oh, she danced and danced, spun, spun — all to a miracle! Waved her right hand — steel timber and water waved left — began to fly different birds … ". Waving arms, scattering the provisions there swan bones and splashing wine is a ritual act, dance and unusual charmer-potvornitsy ie mnogovertimoe plyasanie — dance, apparently in honor of the god of vegetation and irrigated Perepluta this vegetation fork-mermaids.
During the dancing was in vogue drink special drinks, also a member of the complex ritual. Often wildly dancing, giving their all to ritual, fell unconscious and unsolder water infusion of various herbs and garlic juice. These customs, except Russia, are also seen in Bulgaria.
To carols, Schedrets, New Year, Veles and day Komoeditsu occurred in ritual dances haryah oxen, cows, bears, goats and pigs. In Belarus, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, wild and funny dances in haryah place simultaneously with putting inverted fur coats and allowed out only in carols, baths and Komoeditsu that personifies winter Kolovrat, that is, with increasing latitude solstice light day and the spring equinox.
For the execution of complex dance-movements required skill and ability to control their body movements. This complexity of male dancing is a prerequisite to the development of self-improvement and agility for the fighters. During the holiday Perun prerequisite before the ritual duel was Sunder — a dance that lets you set a relentless fighter for the fight and all the muscles warmed up. Priplyasyvanie and stamping, behavior shoulders — all of these actions were designed to provide a constant external and internal discipline relaxed body conceived to attack or to repel the attack the opponent. So far, members of the ensemble of song and dance feast for the eyes of his audience prowess, and earlier this skill possessed all adult males in one way or another.
Ritual meaning of the ancient Slavonic Dances captures the essence of the universe, a world of the Slavs, a reflection of the natural changes of nature and if you want to dance-movement can find a lot of secret knowledge. In any event, dancing encouraged people to development and are the antithesis of modern mass dance gestures goal is reduced only to a sexual lure and aesthetic pleasure. Not to be crying at the fence, behind which is our future, it is necessary to recall and revive all of our ancient Slavic folk customs. The separation in the minds of folk ritual dances from modern dance to allow the Slavs to the next level of ancestral heritage and self-improvement, and it preserved as a family, with its linguistic and racial differences.