What is it?
Salmonellosis -intestinal infection transmitted mainly from food. Caused by various kinds of salmonella germs.
These bacteria are continuously stored in the external environment: water to 5 months, in meat and meat products from 2 to 4 months in frozen meat — about 6 months (in the bird — a year), milk — 20 days, yogurt — up to 2 months in the butter — up to 4 months in cheese — up to 1 year in beer — up to 2 months in soil — up to 18 months.
Some products (milk, meat), Salmonella can not only be maintained but also to multiply without changing the look and taste of foods. Salting and smoking have on them very little effect, and even freeze time increases the survival of microorganisms in foods. Salmonellosis is transmitted through infected birds eggs. Today it is one of the leading ways of spread of the disease.
What's going on?
The disease develops in
Salmonella settle in the small intestine and colonize the intestinal wall, highlighting toxin. The action of the toxin is the loss of water through intestines, violation of vascular tone, damage the nervous system. When deployed forms Salmonella in most cases are reported (more or less pronounced), the following symptoms: fever, weakness, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, frequent loose, watery stools.
In severe disease observed dehydration, enlarged liver and spleen. Perhaps the development of renal failure. With adequate treatmentsalmonellosis passes around the tenth day.
The diagnosis of salmonellosis based on clinical manifestations and confirmed by bacteriological and serological study. The material for bacteriological examination are blood, feces, urine, vomit, gastric washings, the bile.
If the diagnosis Salmonella not delivered on time, is possible peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum)
Hospitalization for salmonellosis is shown only to the children, the elderly, workers in the food and medical industries.
In the treatment of salmonellosis identify several major areas:
- antibiotics to fight salmonella;
- Special solutions to compensate for the lost with vomiting and diarrhea liquid;
- preparations for removing toxins;
- restore normal intestinal flora;
- diet therapy and restorative measures.