Seborrhea (From Lat. Sebum — the fat and Greek. Rheo — current) is a widespread chronic disease of the skin, rich in sebaceous glands (face, scalp, skin folds). The sebaceous glands in this disease produce increased amounts of sebum, which besides the "wrong" part — there is too much free fatty acids.
There are two types of seborrhea: oily and dry. Fatty seborrhea occurs at puberty and passes tend to
Dry seborrhea often seen in children before puberty. In men is more common mixed form of the disease: symptoms of oily seborrhea occur on the face, and dry — on the scalp.
The exact cause of seborrhea is unknown. It is assumed that there is a genetic predisposition to the disease.
The development of seborrhea can cause emotional distress, stress, vegetative dystonia. In addition, the important role played by endocrine disorders associated with impaired balance of female and male sex hormones (androgens increase with a decrease in estrogen).
The symptoms of seborrhea may increase in the use of spicy, salty and sweet foods, as well as in certain weather conditions (low humidity). Is the role of vitamin B deficiency, food allergies.
What's going on?
Seborrhea can develop anywhere on the skin where sebaceous glands are available, but more often it manifests itself in the so-called T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) and cleavage.
At oily seborrhea affected skin look wet, greasy, have a characteristic luster. The pores are enlarged sebaceous glands, often clogged with traffic jams dark color (comedones "blackheads"). The skin thickens, becomes
Depending on the quantity and quality of sebum distinguish between liquid and forms a thick oily seborrhea. When the liquid form of seborrhea hair quickly become greasy, thinning, sometimes can arise prolysiny. Notes the abundance of dandruff. In addition, the skin can form small yellow nodules (whitehead, "whiteheads") — sebaceous cyst.
For dense, seborrhea is characterized by the presence of blackheads on the face, chest and back. Skin acquires
At dry seborrhea skin looks dry and flaky, itchy noted. On the nose, nasolabial folds and in the corners of the mouth horny scales accumulate. Characteristic of seborrhea of the scalp to form flakes
Diagnosis and treatment
If signs of seborrhea should consult a dermatologist. The doctor must rule out other diseases, such as psoriasis, as well as to identify factors that trigger the development of seborrhea. Only in identifying these causes and the establishment of concomitant disease (may need counseling and other professionals), you can assign an effective therapy.
For the treatment of seborrhea applied lotions and ointments, containing hormones. In addition, designate special dermatological shampoos, in particular tar and friderm friderm zinc.
An important role is played by a proper diet. It is necessary to limit the amount of fried, spicy, spicy, fatty and sweet. Should be excluded from the diet of chocolate and other sweets. All of these foods affect the sebaceous glands, increasing the synthesis of sebum and aggravating for seborrhea. In addition, the diet should be supplemented with multivitamins, the lack of which affects not only the state of the internal organs, but also the skin.
Prevention of seborrhea reduced to a rational skin care, taking into account the recommendations of a dermatologist or beautician.