January 18, 2012 14:10
We are almost ready to reject the assumption of the existence of the real geographical Shambhala, agreeing that it was primarily a "palace of wisdom within us", a special type of perception of mystical knowledge, for readability, located outside the limits of our consciousness and "placed" somewhere in the Lost Hills.
Always difficult to believe that the greatest mystery, the most ambitious and surprising revelations of esoteric knowledge within us, in a non-realized, "minimized" form. But — a push, a sudden stimulus, and we've already hit our consciousness terrific insights and are not able to believe in that higher knowledge always live within. So much easier and more convenient for our psyche exteriorize center of this wisdom, that is, make it out of his own personality, creating a "land of Zion." Such a hypothesis about the mechanism of the Shambhala legend is feasible.
But at the very beginning of our story, we warned that the paradoxes of culture sometimes cast doubt on the most brilliant hypothesis. Therefore acknowledge that there is strong evidence that Shambhala still actually exists, or at least there is in the form, the legend — the tantric state. At this time, "a contender for Shambhala" is a Chinese Kunlun Mountain.
Kunlun Mountain, located in the north-west of the country, in many ways an amazing reminder Shambhala. We note, describes this area one of the oldest treatises schema "Shan Hai Jing" ("Canon of Mountains and Seas"): "Within the limits of the seas, in the north-east, is Mount Kunlun. It is the capital of the earthly ancestors. Kunlun Mountain is in a circle eight hundred (about 450 km), it rises to a height of ten thousand Eugene (about 40 miles) … It is home to many gods. On eight sides towering cliffs, they are surrounded by the Red River. Not possessing such perfection as Hunter (skilled Chinese hero myths. — AM), can not climb the steep rock. " Catches the eye as Shambhala and Kunlun mountains surrounded with eight sides (other versions — eight mountains), which surrounds the river.
Mount Kunlun Chinese tradition attributes a lot of amazing phenomena. First of all, it supports the founder of the Chinese nation, one of the legendary pervopraviteley Huang — "Yellow Emperor." It was from him went all the Chinese family, he taught people a lot of wisdom, and the followers of one of the greatest flows of mystical thought Taoism consider it one of the pioneer of the school.
He lives on the mountain an animal Kaimin — "Proispuskayuschee light," which protects the nine wells, fenced jade, and nine gates. It is like a huge tiger with nine heads, each of which has a human face. Kaimin is on top of the Kunlun, turning to the east. In passing, we mention that in Shambhala, too, as the story goes, there were nine of the deepest wells, leading to the center of the earth, and guarded them formidable Buddhist spirit with a beam of lightning in the hand.
Most important for our discussion is what was nice Kunlun — here lived those who have achieved immortality. Their good energy, thought to beneficially affect the entire Middle Kingdom, and although people knew nothing about them, yet they are thousands of years in their roles, bringing peace and tranquility.
To achieve immortality is first necessary to have smelt a pill of immortality from just a few hundred selected ingredients, the composition of which was kept secret. All components of the years floated in a special crucible in a secluded place, usually in the mountains. In this case, should have long sessions of meditation practice, holds a special gymnastic and breathing exercises in order to completely clean and pacify your mind and come to a state of complete "samozabytiya" joyful detachment and "non-action" when a person becomes able to follow the law and to the absolute path of all phenomena Tao . As Tao disappears and does not appear as if there is no eternity and not contrary things, it is eternal, as well as the immortal man who understood the way of following the Tao.
The main place of abode mudretsovbessmertnyh considered all the same Kunlun Mountain, the immortal were settled on the slopes according to their status, which is defined magical powers and wisdom of the immortals. So gradually slopes Kunlun allegedly formed country wise and immortal gods. From there, they can move freely in the sky, and on the mountain, as the stairs, go down into the world of men.
Kunlun was considered, as well as the Shambhala center of the earth and served as a channel for the transition between heaven and earth, not by accident, it was called the "capital of the Earth's celestial ancestors."
It is interesting that in order to ascend to Mount Kunlun, required to perform almost the same conditions as for entry to Shambhala — undergo a complete physical and spiritual purification, to free the mind from any thoughts about themselves and only want to bring in your own goodness good people. And every step climb Kunlun one gets more and more wonderful properties and eventually turns into an immortal god. Hence there is no return — a man or becoming gods, or dies. There was also no refund for those who goes on a search of Shambhala. Here lived a great god Tidy, the wisest of gods and men, the good proispuskavshy his power, life-giving energy of the "de" in the earth, and thus regulates the world order in the Middle Kingdom.
Does the reality of the Kunlun mountain? Ironically, in today's China, we can easily find that mountain, or rather a mountain range with the same name. Extends the array in China along the Tibetan Plateau, situated in a part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, part — in the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, ie in Chinese Tibet. It is natural that there were a lot of enthusiasts, who decided to find these places and fruit elixirs of immortality, the following surprising sages, numerous rivers that flow from the mountains, but alas … On closer inspection it turned out that in the stories we are talking about another mountain of the same name , the location of which is still a mystery. Chinese scholars were of the view that this could be an amazing peak east of the modern array of Kunlun mountain or in Gansu Province, which is located north-east of Tibet, known for its findings parking primitive people.
But let us remember, is not here in the traditional legends and shambalistskim edge is wise? Tarim River, which lies near the Shambhala flows in China not far from the Kunlun mountain range in the territory of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Its tributaries Yarkand and Khotan in the upper reaches carry their water already in the Kunlun! We seem to have really hit upon a possible place where lies the mysterious land.
Could it be that really Shambhala and the Chinese Kunlun — are one and the same? Is it too much coincidence? Another of them, and perhaps the most amazing we shall speak later. It may be said that India, Tibet, where they were particularly prevalent legend of Shambhala has a huge impact on China. Maybe there came and legends about the wonderful country of the wise, the existence of which was attributed to "his" mountain Kunlun? This often happened in history, but in this case, this argument does not work — most of these legends came to China along with the spread of Buddhism, that is, hardly I-II centuries, and the legend of the Kunlun, description of methods to achieve immortality date back half a millennium earlier.
But there is another objection — in spite of accurate descriptions and even drafting guides or Shambhala, or as a place of abode of the Kunlun immortal sages were found. Not even found traces of the surprisingly high spiritual civilization that existed in these places. Unfortunately, against the objection is difficult to find arguments.
Bridge to the sky
Indeed, it is hard to believe that the mysterious Shambala and really existing Kunlun mountain range — one and the same place. Although it is impossible to deny the other — they are very similar, even in the geographical description. What is behind this amazing similarity?
First thing that strikes the eye is that all these "Promised Land", on the one hand, lost, difficult to access, and on the other hand, it is possible to find yourself in them in no time by following some conditions, such as purified, having a spell (m . is too "clean" water) or saying the spell of some kind of "secret writing", which serves as a password. There is another unique feature, which at first glance can be linked with the principle of inaccessibility fairyland — all located in the mountains.
But in most of the "weasel" Shambhala and its "brothers" signed a deeper meaning, and inaccessibility — it is secondary. And Shambhala, and Kunlun, and Sumer — it is not just the country, surrounded by mountains, they are above all by themselves peaks.
It has long been any elevation in mythological consciousness sopolagalas with a gateway to Heaven. In science, it is usually associated with the symbol of "the tree of life," which is rooted in the ground, and going to the heavenly crown heights, connects the lower and upper layers of the universe. The symbolic tree or mountain, or even sacred staff, on the one hand, separate the sky from the ground, on the other hand, do not allow to interrupt the magic of contact between them.
Not difficult to see that the structure and Shambhala and Kunlun absolute manner repeats the symbolism of the "world mountain", or "tree of life." And both allegedly located in the center of the earth, or, conversely, "by the sea", which, in essence, one and the same. These peaks — thus forming a boundary between "this" and "order" of the world, and thus live on them being borderline. On the one hand, the inhabitants of Shambhala, certainly people are just like you and me. But on the other hand, the whole practice of education in the Kalachakra system designed to make the person aware of himself god and really made his divinity. Emphasize, not imitated, never played "under god", but it really was God, no different from the spirits and the other inhabitants of heaven and underground worlds. Similarly, the people, goes back to the Kunlun, also changes its quality, becoming immortal inhabitants of heaven. It turns out that these creatures (they are already very difficult to call people) turned out to be a transitional type of "this" to "that" from the profane to the unattainable-divine.
Recall the very structure of Shambhala and the Kunlun — she stepped, as if specially created for the ascent phase of initiation. For example, the highest place of Shambhala — the capital of Kalapa, the highest place in the capital scheme mandala, the highest place of the mandala — a sacred center, "brain mandala." Reaching this point, the person at the time of initiation is at the center of the universe, and it focuses all the energy of the cosmos.
Widely known fact that the monasteries, pagodas, churches, and other ritual buildings usually constructed on the mountains, or at least on the hill. But when doing so, they are not something alien to this mountain, rather it was a natural extension. Just look at the amazing postroykistupy made of white limestone in Tibet, near the capital Lhasa. These structures as if growing out of the mountain and it seems that eating juices land rush into the sky.
Space here is revealed to man (of course, if he knows the appropriate rituals and held a special dedication). Hardly anyone, once seen, forget small monastery kumirnju rather simple, built on one of the finest peaks in the holy mountain Huashan array — "Flowering Mountains" in China, in Shanxi Province. The fact that one of the mountains in this place has a recess, which violates its rounded shape. Ancient architects placed moyastyr in this cleft in such a way that it is as if "completes' round the mountain to its harmonious shape. The trick is that in the midst of all the splendor of nature — the pine trees on the mountain slopes, mighty, sparkling streams of water, a mountain range going into the haze of the monastery can not even notice it, and it is considered the highest esoteric skill in architecture — created by human hands is a painless natural continuation Space-start.
By the way, this monastery is the usual chess pavilion. Yes, yes, this is where the game board met for the best masters of the ancient game, which came to China along with Buddhism from India. It turns out that this is raised pavilion provides a flow of cosmic energy, and the chess game, albeit a very clever, turn into a special type of meditation and deep-initiation to the spiritual flow of the universe.
One of the alleged places where she could lie Shambhala — Bhutan is, in any case, on this version insist local followers of Buddhism. Here in Joo Gompa on one of the highest mountains is joss-house, dedicated to Buddhist tantric deity Mani, who should come into the world to save the people. Inside the shrine, surrounded by eternal snow, barely accommodate two people, but it always lives a hermit monk who watches to ensure that the roof shrine always waving the flag, usually white. It is a sign to the spirits and gods, and above all — the followers of the teachings of the Kalachakra that the inhabitants of Shambhala day and night to improve themselves, preaching the good world. And here again the very important role played by the sacred peak and "grow" out of it alone, but it is surprising, "the place" joss-house standing. For monks Tantrikas is primarily a way to Heaven.
Thus, many of the sacred legends of the highest peaks and the mansions of the immortal sages are directly related to the archaic myths about the celestial and terrestrial power, which, as it feeds the man and gives him relationship with the forces of the cosmos. And with this symbolic celestial and terrestrial energy challenges we will face again in a conversation about the mysterious connection shambalistskoy mandalas and Chinese buildings, called "Most Lucent throne."
Riddles "Most Lucent throne"
It turns out, not only by its location like Shambhala and Chinese sacred peaks. There is a mystery that confuses scientific minds ever since.
If we present a scheme mandala, which, as we already know, was first built as a symbolic initiation hall in the capital of Shambhala, it will remind us the outline of the Imperial Palace in China, designed to receive and is usually called "Mingtang" — "Most Lucent throne." Here the emperor particularly his guests took their seats, so that everyone was "in place", symbolizing thus world harmony. In fact, it was an echo of the space, the beginning of the sacred in the earth and ordinary (though not pyshnodvortsovoy) life.
One of these structures have been excavated in 1956-1957 in the western suburbs of the ancient Chinese capital Xi'an (in antiquity — g.Chanan). It was of a circular courtyard with four gates in the center of which is also rectangular wall with four gates. In the center of the entire structure was the central building — the actual space for receptions. Presumably Mingtang date back to the Han Dynasty to the II century BC, although probably scheme of this structure originated much earlier.
Construction Mingtang combined, as well as the mandala, two geometric shapes — circle, square, and, following the Chinese traditional view, the circle symbolized heaven, the square — the earth, and their combination within a single structure — some relic unity of heaven and earth when they not yet separated and lay one on another. According to various legends, heaven and earth were separated or giant Pangu or legendary pervopravitelem Fusi world, and that they are not connected oolyne and at the same time, not retreating from each other, between heaven and earth were built special "channels", or bridges . National scientists V.V.Evsyukov accurately noted that such bridges could be cables, flexible whip, and transforms the "world tree" — the tall trees, the sacred peaks. For these bridges the gods, usually during ritual celebrations descended into the world of men, and one of these bridges were already known to us the top of Kunlun. Chinese "Most Lucent throne" also continued the tradition of "connection-separation" Heaven and Earth, and was a kind of celestial good battery power on Earth.
Surprisingly, we find many features that connect with the scheme shambalistskuyu mandala pollock. This unusual feature noted istorikkitaeved E.A.Blinova. As described by "The History of the Han Dynasty," in the middle of Mingtang "room was covered with a thatched roof, and on the four sides of it there are no walls. He was girded with the river … At its center was a pavilion. " How accurately reproduces this is a familiar pattern Kalachakra! Just remember that the buildings in the center of the mandala was "brain mandala" — quadrangular elevation without walls, but under the roof, and the whole structure, the legend of Shambhala, was also belted water. Enough for even a cursory glance at the diagram mandala and "Most Lucent throne" to understand that such an amazing similarity can not be merely a game of chance.
Reconstruction of Chinese scientists can understand that Mingtang not planar structure, but went smooth ledges up, which is also exactly reproduces the mandala, rising from the perimeter to its central part. Recall our journey into the mandala — the same combination of a circle and a square, almost exactly coincides with the "Most Lucent throne" location of the interior, staged construction, four entrances oriented to the cardinal points, even the presence of small kishalkovov and doors.
And here's another surprising fact on which to reflect. We have already quoted, "History of the Han Dynasty," calls this scheme is not simply "Most Lucent throne," but "Kunlun", ie the same name, the sacred mountain (and mysterious land of sages and immortals!) in China. That's such an amazing and bizarre way the legend of Shambhala mandala with its middle, a country of immortals on Mount Kunlun and cosmological scheme "Most Lucent throne" to link together.
But it appears that the scheme is very similar to the mandala can be found far beyond Asia. The civilization of the ancient Incas also used similar cosmogonic scheme, where the squares and concentric circles inscribed in a special way in a common circle. Moreover, the repetition of this scheme, we can detect not only the images, but also in real life. For example, flying in a helicopter along the Pacific coast of Mexico, we were surprised to see a few fishermen can settlements built on exactly the same plan, and hence the scheme in the Shambhala mandala. This amazing space scheme is valid to this day!
One of the British researchers geomantiki John Michel truly believed such a construction of the symbol of Supreme Harmony of the Cosmos and connected it with the sun sign. By the way, tantristskaya mandala also long been considered exclusively in science solar sign, and few believed that the mandala can be also a sacred place of residence of the gods and sages initiation higher, until they were discovered buildings that replicate the mandala.
Was there a single "etnom Zion"?
Strange and inexplicable chain of identical space schemes: Shambhala China — Central America. Can I give it a reasonable explanation?
Occurs several assumptions. First, the most simple and natural — is borrowing. Indeed, in China out of Tibet and India has come a lot of magical images, divination signs, ritual amulets, despite the fact that the Chinese culture itself fully possessed of all this symbolism. There is even a suggestion that the famous Chinese scheme of "the Great limit", is perhaps the symbol of Chinese civilization, was formed under the influence of Indian Buddhist mandalas somewhere in the VIII-IX centuries. This scheme is a symbolic image of two fish illustrates the complementarity of the two opposites — dark, feminine, weak yin and strong, masculine and hard yang. It seems that today can not be thought without any Chinese philosophical school, but it turns out oyli times when the scheme of the "Great limit" did not exist.
There is another important argument in favor of the theory of influence tantristskoy mandala on Chinese cosmogonic scheme. The fact that the majority of Buddhist missionaries, going from India to China, usually go through Turkestan and Central Asia, while the other way — directly across the Himalayas, was almost impassable. But it is in Turkestan, as the majority of the versions, and is Shambhala! Does this mean that the scheme really mandala was brought from Shamballa to China with Buddhist missionaries?
Alas, the counter is much more than the arguments in favor of this type of magical scheme. First, most likely in China, this scheme was used only in the active era of the Han, ie in the II century BC — II century AD Second, even if we allow borrowing schemes Chinese "Most Lucent throne" from India, Turkestan, and even the Himalayas (as is likely, and it was), it is hardly possible for the civilization of the ancient Incas. Do not forget that in the 3-2 millennia BC Incas were on the level of their knowledge is much higher in China and all regions of Turkestan.
Something is not consistent in this amazing harmony schemes, the prototype of which is allegedly Kalachakra mandala of Shambhala.
Try to speculate on the basis of the simplest. Thus, every scheme, the image reproduction in the outside world are already present in our minds to his "birth." We express is that built into us, it relies on an inner experience, experience. This idea borders on truism, but let's see where it leads us. If in three regions of the world independently (?) From each other arises unified scheme mandala, which is attributed to the overall miroustroitelny and cosmogonic sense, then, three people, "invented" the scheme, supported by a common experience of inner experience. They have one (or general) knowledge of the mysteries of cosmogenesis and man's place in it. Perhaps, at some stage of development could cross paths, say, the Chinese and the people of Central America? Maybe they really derived their knowledge from a single source, such as Shambhala? The latter assumption is certainly tempting. The first — really reflects the process of distribution are similar mystical knowledge of various cultures.
Anthropologists have long noticed the similarity of physical type of ancient Chinese and Central Americans. In the late 20's American researcher D.Blek spent painstaking measurements of the skulls of two dozen Chinese provinces of Gansu and Henan. The measurements were performed on dozens of rather complex parameters — the volume of the brain, the facial angle, the angle of the nasal bone length of the base face, and more.
As a result of all these, it would seem very tedious and require an extremely long time, research clearly eclipsed by the fact, which only visually and "un-scientific" was judged by many researchers. In present-day Gansu Province lived in the Neolithic people with strong "Americanoid" features. Moreover, in the late 40's. Russian scientist G.F.Debets said that the ancestors of the Siberian Mongoloids "undoubtedly had to have" Americanoid traits. "
Even a layman at a glance similarities to those of the ancient Chinese ritual masks made ooychio of bronze, and Central America — high on a narrow bridge of the nose, slightly prominent cheekbones, strongly receding chin. Interestingly, mainly in China, particularly in the valley of the Yellow River, meets another physical type, more familiar to us in the Western conception of the inhabitants of this country — with a wide nose, big cheekbones, etc.
There were significant differences in language between the Chinese "amerikanoidami" and those who have lived on srednekitayskoy plain. Suggest that the inhabitants of the province of Gansu to "Americanoid" features, as well as similarities with continental Mongoloids Central Asia and South-Eastern Siberia, spoke of Paleo-Asiatic languages, but the residents of the Yellow River Basin (more than "the usual" we Chinese) spoke other languages belonging to the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Already known D.Blek suggested that residents of Gansu and Henan are intermediate between the Tibetans and the modern Northern Chinese. But as noted on this famous anthropologist N.N.Cheboksarov: "Perhaps the alleged connection of all these objects vostochnotibetskimi Americanoid populations. It is possible that in Gansu in the first half of II millennium BC drevnetibetskie tribes lived. "
The reader probably noticed that there is not the first time that it comes to ethnic groups in Central Asia, the tribes of Tibet. But this is precisely the regions where presumably located Shambhala! By the way, note that the "China Shambala" — Mount Kunlun, according to Chinese scientists, is located in the province of Gansu. The Closed Circle "amerikanoidy" — the territory of the ancient population of Gansu in China "Americanoid" Mongoloids of Central Asia and Tibet. The latter "Americanoid" continues to this day.
Maybe esoteric knowledge, reproduced in similar (if not — in uniform) scheme — it echoes genetic, ethnic kinship inhabitants of these regions. Strangely enough, this does not exclude, but only confirms the theory of a single center of knowledge. But I admit — nothing indicates that this center was just Shambhala.