Memorial Day his family, our common Slavic ancestors, ancestors. Grandparents — souls (spirits) ancestors, flown away in Iriy. The deceased said that he "went to the grandparents 'or' going out with geezers."
Celebrated on Saturdays (hearth), close to 21 October (yellowing), at 27 days after Radogosch and 7 days prior to Mokos. In some cases, held Baba (rites of remembrance of the dead ancestors, women) and children (rites of remembrance of relatives who have died before reaching the age of majority). "Baba" is always held on Friday, and "Kids" — on Thursday, preceding the relevant date "Grandfather."
Some features of the celebrations.
Ancestors' souls on certain days of the year fly from Iria to visit living relatives who are required to properly meet and entertain them. Failure to follow custom and remember to leave food for Santa, considered custodians kind, can cause all sorts of trouble and frustration. "We can not celebrate the grandparents — said Belarusians — once not to score — and already you have cattle had died."
With the Christianization of the rituals of remembrance Ancestors become SATURDAY (up to six times a year), and as such still exist. Demetrius Saturday — note in the third week after the Veil. Remembrance ceremonies are held several times a year. Ceremony set for each time period of 10-14 days, during which it should be, but the ceremony is always held on a Saturday.
Belarusians Vosenskiya Dziady carried out "without tears" — a celebration of family, home, it is obligatory presence in the house the whole family. Only in some western regions of Belarus there are cases where people went to visit ancestors themselves in the cemetery. This spring, in Radunica taken to the cemetery to visit the dead, and the ancestors Dzyady invited to his home to entertain and thank for the help and protection.
Before Dziady purely cleaned, washed in the bath, which left a bucket of clean water, and a new broom for the souls of their ancestors. Women prepare various dishes on the table was considered mandatory presence of meat dishes, as well as hot, "the steam going." Before dinner in the house open all the doors to the souls of their ancestors were free to come and sit down at the table. The owner lit a candle and invite all the ancestors for dinner. The number of dishes on the table could be different, but always odd and not less than five. Piercing-cutting items on the table should not be — eat with a spoon, from time to time left on the table to ancestors can use them. Each dish was served in pairs (if 7-course, the 14 plates). Thus balanced situation where not to be offended neither alive nor dead.
Funeral feast usually begins with the ritual meals, and before you proceed to the next dish, part of it set aside for a special dish for the spirits, which is usually placed on the windowsill.
A solemn memorial dinner lasted a long time, everyone was kept. Remembered best in their deceased relatives, those actions, which boasts more than one generation of this kind.
During the gala dinner was allowed to speak only of grandparents — their lives, individual cases and character traits, remembered their words and teachings, wisdom and good deeds. Began the conversation by talking about the oldest and most famous ancestor, and remembrance of the dead ended recently.
So did every year, phasing the information to children and grandchildren.
On Dziady every peasant family generously endowed beggars who walked through the village.
In the 1990's. Grandparents autumn to mark the November 2, for a time became the official holiday.
Today, despite the fact that the day November 2 again declared workers fall Grandparents widely prevail among rural and urban residents.
The name of the holiday in other Slavic peoples.
Ukraine: Didova Subota, Belarus: Dziady, Lithuania: Ilges; Latvia: Velines (ceremony in honor of the goddess of eternity Vellony) Denmark: Sialuda