Russian language is the third after the Chinese and English on the prevalence in the world. It is owned half a billion people on the planet. Such data are the head of the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature. But the attitude of the Russian language in different countries — equally.
Since the early 2000s, interest in the Russian language in the world is growing. This is due to the fact that the fading Russian sentiments and prejudices. Knowledge of Russian is one of the competitive advantages. But the situation is different in different states, says the president of the St. Petersburg State University, head of the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and LiteratureLyudmila Verbitskaya:
"If we look at what countries are also the Russian language does not cause much concern, some of these countries. Of course, this is Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. It is interesting that in all of Belarus in Russian spoken at home in everyday life. Is also important that this is the only post-Soviet state, where the state status of the Russian language in the referendum confirmed overwhelmingly. In Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, Russian is the language of international communication. "
A special place in the Russian language is Ukraine. The new law on the status of the language allowed the region of the country where the Russian-speaking population, to use the Russian par with Ukrainian. But in general, the position of the Russian language is not affected, the chairman of the Russian community of Poltava regionVictor Shestakov:
"We live in Poltava 117,000 ethnic Russian — is the data of the last census. Russian and russkokulturnyh really much more. However, in Poltava Russian schools is not at all, there are two mixed schools with the right set of first class with Russian language. And just to the area 6 schools that teach the Russian language. "
In these schools, the Russian language study 2 hours a week, as foreign. Russian literature is not at all, it is in the foreign section. Being cut from the program even works of Nikolai Gogol, who was born in the Ukraine.
Slavic movement leader "Lad" from KazakhstanMaxim Kramarenkoin an interview with "Voice of Russia" has noted, as they have in the country, there are problems with the Russian language:
"If you look at the language laws, we have spelled out that the Russian language is used together with the state of the Kazakh language. But at the same time what is written in the law is not respected. Is reduction of hours of teaching Russian. Is rejection of the Russian language. We are working on transfer of proceedings to the Kazakh language, forced to develop new terms in the Kazakh language, sometimes they get very bizarre. "
The representative of the Russian community in UzbekistanIlshad Khasanovsure that all the countries of the former Soviet Union to survive the shock of national identity. Always comes after the realization that without the Russian language will not do, he said:
"This is not the only Russian seek to learn Russian, but also indigenous people, youth. Has gone through a shock that only Uzbek. Uzbeks are now sending their children to Russian schools. "
According to the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature, the increased demand for Russian language is observed in Eastern and Western Europe. Leader in Germany, where the schools are studying Russian language almost 150,000 children.
In Asia, the most significant in terms of population of the world, the Russian language is less common. But more recently, some schools are Indonesia and the Philippines to study Russian. Succeeding Russian studies in China.
In the U.S., the Russian in some way owned about 4.5 million people. Recently, at the congressional elections ballots of New York was first published in Russian language, which became the official language of the state. 3 thousand U.S. schools have introduced it into their curriculum. In total, according to the professional community, the Russian language and literature are included in school and university curricula of 100 countries.
Svetlana Kalmykov — "Voice of Russia"