A man decides to suicide, when under the influence of certain circumstances of his life loses meaning. But his loss — albeit a necessary but not sufficient condition for suicidal behavior. Need more overestimation of death. Death must acquire a certain sense, and then the idea of it can become a target activity. And finally, the events are often pushing to suicide, causing a powerful blow to the values of the person.
The decision to commit suicide — an act of moral choice. Preferring suicide, a person relates his motive and result, accepts responsibility for self-destruction or shifts this responsibility to others. Anyway, when one suicide, he sees in it is not just the action, leading to the death, but also a certain deed bearing the "message of" for the people, calling their relationship, evaluations and opinions.
Numerous observations give reason to believe that even if the true suicide (ie, those whose purpose is not blackmail), their immediate goal — the end of life — in most cases does not coincide with the motives of suicidal behavior. Suicide is like a tool serving a different, higher motive, not fatal, but it is vital. The paradox of suicide is that the termination of life is filled for a suicide moral and psychological meaning. However, this is not such a paradox. If suicide was not found meaning, like all other behavioral acts, and it would not be killing themselves, that is a conscious act.
There are five main types of point of suicide, "protest", "call", "prevent", "self-punishment", "denial."
"Protest"- A desire to punish the offenders, harm them even if the fact of his own death.
"Call"- A cry for help, a lack of attention. The meaning of this kind of suicide — to cause his death, sympathy, compassion of others.
"Avoid"Aims to avoid suffering or punishment. For example, let a man shot in the forehead, squandered the public treasury.
"Self-punishment"- A sort of dialogue between the two" I ": the judge and the defendant. The moral sense of the suicide — atonement ("no, after this act I not worthy to live").
"Failure": Here the purpose and motive of suicide behavior is almost the same, and therefore the sense of self-destruction can be characterized as a complete surrender.
All of the selected types of suicidal behavior — it's counterparts obschepovedencheskih strategies in conflict situations, and that they correspond to the same types of moral-psychological point of the individual: the protest and accusations of others, call for assistance; avoidance of struggle and escape from difficulties, self-blame, no-action and surrender.
If we analyze the individual style of behavior and conflict of many, it is clear that in situations of their reaction is usually gravitated to the type of solutions they have chosen as a suicide.
Crises, previous suicide, can be called "overlapping" sources of meaning of life: there is a blockage of life goals, the idea of the impossibility of self-realization, the gap between what "should" and that is, between the self and the surrounding life. The result — a lost sense of life, zest for life, perspectives, and therefore — and the incentive to work. There is alienation and hopelessness, a sense of hopelessness and a painful life.
Such conditions can occur not only as a result of a serious traumatic event, but also as a result of a succession of life's difficulties.
Thus, the main mechanism that is specific to suicidal behavior and trigger the act of suicide — is an inversion (flip) attitudes toward life and death. Life loses all power of a positive attitude and perceived only negatively, while death changes its sign from negative to positive. From this moment begins the formation of the goals of suicide and develop a plan for its implementation.