The legalization of guns in Russia: Past and Present

The legalization of weapons in Russia: Past and Present

July 24, 2012 in the Federation Council held a public hearing, the basic essence of which was to reform dilemma weapons legislation. First vice-speaker of the Council Alexander Torshin made a report, which argued for the introduction of free trade in the country's short-barreled firearms. The new bill includes authorization populations receive revolvers and pistols for use in self-defense. The bill on the subject is meant to prepare illumine.

At the current time it is unclear whether this is a common variation of an existing law "On Weapons" or it will be a completely new law.

It should be noted that the ratio of the free purchase and possession of firearms with Russia changed a couple of times. For example, in pre-revolutionary Russian Federation, the people who had problems with the psyche and the police could take and store short-barreled cannon fire, and sporting and hunting guns. Permits were issued by local authorities.

There may be a recollection that in the pre-revolutionary Russian Federation could have a gun each, but it's not so far away. The precise legal framework that regulates the turnover guns in the state. For example, the police could use the firearm only in strictly defined cases: in the event of an attack on a police officer, when there was no other method of self-defense, for the realization of protection against attacks from the danger of life or liberty, in the detention of criminals in their resistance, in the case of escape of a detainee. Moreover, after each such implementation option guns police had to report to the authorities.

As for authorization to hold the instrument in the middle of civilian populations, and here there were certain prohibitions. So, forbidden to have a civilian gun population in the event of the existence of riots and unrest in society, minors who have difficulties with the psyche, militant, those who have committed careless introduction of his in the past.

For long resolution for carrying and possession of firearms was considered a progressive phenomenon, because only in some states have such laws existed.

In 1918, with the change of the political situation, passed a law "On the surrender of weapons," according to which the entire population, which had a gun, had to pass it. With all of this permit, issued prior to the revolution, were invalid. The law did not apply only to members of the RCP (B), and they were limited to one rifle and one pistol. If any of the civilian population wished to have a gun, convened emergency committee which examined the case in detail and may issue a permit only in exceptional cases. The gun is assigned to a specific person who was issued a special permit. In this case, if the people would resist a surrender of firearms, all the guilty be imprisoned for a very significant period of time — from 1 to 10 years. In 1920 he was allowed to have hunting rifles, but only those who had hunting ticket. Initially permit issued by the NKVD, and later — the police. Regarding such thing as a civilian tool or tool for self-defense, the law it was missing.

Also in 1920 a decree was adopted Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR "On the distribution and storage of firearms and appeals to him," in which it was regulated in detail the procedure for storage and deployment tools. For example, permission to store and use guns had only persons to whom an instrument was needed to fulfill the obligations of their own prof — military, police, and those who have received special permits in accordance with the law "On the surrender of weapons."

In 1922 he was accepted into the first Russian Union of the Criminal Code, and for illegal possession of firearms is now provided for the criminal act. With all of this weapon permit issued by the NKVD. Later, in 1923, adopted a resolution "On the hunt", according to which a license to hunt is issued by the People's Commissariat of Agriculture. NKVD recorded a hunting gun and keep a record of ammunition.

During the NEP has brought its own changes. Thus, the turnover of weapons was to take firm control of the country. This is evidenced by the decision of weapons, published in 1924, under which sell firearms hunting weapon could only obtain authorization police and the OGPU.

In 1940, the firearm could get only citizens who have a hunting license. Sami tickets issued by certain municipalities, while it was envisaged that the police have every right to fine owners for refusing to re-register and create confiscate guns. A year later has been installed and the minimum age of admission to possession of a weapon and was limited to the amount by 1 person.

Bole quarter of a century later, in 1953, was accepted by the Council of Ministers of the Russian Union, in accordance with which allowed a hunting rifle without a hunting permit. And in 1954 won the right to take DOSAAF small-caliber rifle, with all this police permit was not required. So Makar, from 1953 to 1959 year instrument was available for sale. But the crime rate began to rise, leading to the cancellation of these provisions in 1960.

During the period of 1969-1986 years was made a huge number of regulations that significantly tightened the ability to obtain permits for gun was mounted a serious control of all the processes that were involved in this industry.

In July 1975 nov has authorized the sale of the smooth-bore hunting weapon, but permission had to be received in the police.

And only in 1993 the law "On Weapons" there was such a thing as a civilian weapon. Soon, in 1996, it was a little modified. So Makar, at the current time, citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to receive long-barreled smooth-bore weapon, restricted weapon also acts — the gun, the gun — with gas or traumatic cartridges and use them in self-defense. The license shall be issued for the purchase of weapons enforcement bodies to persons who have gained 18 years of age. In addition, a person may be allowed to keep and bear firearms, in this case, if a premium.

In 2001, the controversy concerning the free acquisition of firearms resumed. Then, for the purchase of his right of free movement advocated favorite "Against Violence" Andrei Vasilevski, Sergey Sorokin (human rights activist), Andrew Kosjakov (personal favorite of union employees security and detective services.) In 2003, the Municipal Duma is considering a draft law on the resolution on the possession of pistols and revolvers, but then the bill was not adopted. In the next two years, the population was allowed to use the gas and traumatic gun.

At the current time, the controversy surrounding the problem of fluency firearms do not stop. And the hunt hope that the government had the brains to make the right decision, and later in the country there will come a time when none of the 1st person will not have even thought about what he needs to implement in order to protect themselves. Of course, you say, — a utopia itself can not be, to feel safe in a country where, under the influence of the West is often offset by the moral and ethical principles and human values, is unrealistic. But dreaming is not bad after all …

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