The meat from a test tube

People dreamed of dinner in one tiny pill. Did not happen. The time is approaching when the meat can be grown in the laboratory, but if that resolves the problem of civilization?
Everyone knows from school, that work has made a monkey out of man (it is, however, quite a controversial statement, especially in light of recent discoveries, but we are not talking about it.) But if you continue the logical chain on, it becomes clear that it is the work, it turns out, and brought humanity to the deplorable state in which it is now.

Great difficulty — more food. Thought of domesticating animals — do not have to hunt, guess cultivate wild plants — do not engage in the gathering. It turns out that it allows a person to work more and more lazy. People living in developed countries (even those with low income), now have almost unlimited access to food in any quantity, with a high-calorie food. Now you can hardly work, but obese. Labor, to blame labor. In an evil hour monkey raised his stick.

However this situation is the end of XX — beginning of XXI century, and in the early XX, when the food industry began to develop rapidly, "eating people" were ancestors of our time in different ways (often, though, our problems were alien to them.)
Radiation in assistance to farmers on tablets

After such a title is quite logical to put a joyful man Pip-boy — the mascot of a series of post-apocalyptic role-playing game series Fallout. However, in the middle of XX century, futurists have dreamed of wild enough in our understanding of things.
This article was published in the Independent Press-Telegram in 1956. The entire room was dedicated to "life in 2000." That's what means the farmer Jones, the character of one of the articles that does business on the farm (it helps, of course, a humanoid robot, and tells the fictional reporter):

"Farmer Jones went to the back panel of the instrument to, based in part conditioned zaney transparent" glass "in which we were sitting.


He sent a robot to the pipe outside the bubble.

— I have not been in the field since the last war here dropped a hydrogen bomb — he laughed. — I do not think it is good for health, there are still "hot", but you will be surprised that the bombing had created with the soil. Everything is growing by leaps and bounds, and the robot does not matter where to plant seeds and care for plants. "

Then the farmer says that these plants contain many vitamins, but he (no, sir) is a goat and does not eat the grass. It feeds on the old-fashioned: cheese and pills. Oh, pills! Go to the fun.

About food tablets many dream at the beginning of XX century. After all, the beginning of the triumph of sublimated food. In the 1923 edition of the Rock Valley Bee is the opinion of a surgeon, who predicted that all the nutrients necessary for a person, it will get out of the compressed substance. This idea haunted progressive mankind for a long time, yet we still do not eat pills.

Why? To this question in the thirties of the last century said nutritionist Dr. Milton Bridges: what would not be a tablet, the energy value her not to even come close to the calorie breakfast of sandwiches and tea, not to mention the daily norm. Besides, even if we imagine that the impossible is possible, the pills can very quickly make a stomach ulcer — it is not designed to digest dense pellets.

While saving the time spent on eating food, dreamed in the days of Baron Munchausen (not all, though). You know how many people would have an easier time, would have arranged the body, like the moon people? To be clear, here's a quote from "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen":

"Spending time eating moon people never have. The left side of the abdomen is, they have a special door: they open it and put the food there. Then close the door to another dinner, which they have a once a month. They eat only twelve times a year! It is very convenient, but hardly earth gluttons and gourmands agreed to have dinner so rare. "

Chemistry, chemistry …

Now accepted curse was worth the damn hydroponics, soy, as well as, of course GMOs — genetically modified organisms. For every pack of frozen vegetables has become a good habit to write "does not contain GMOs." What a joy (what do poor people who want to eat GMOs?). Of course, to blame the food industry — mass production of vegetables, fruits and animals, milling in giant hangars zhireyuschih and not seeing the light of day.
But this is now the term "food from the factory" is extremely negative emotions. Look at the illustration of the remarkable series of Closer than we think from the newspaper Chicago Tribune (by the way, a real storehouse of various retrofuturisticheskih savagery of the fifties and sixties of the last century). It gladly say that in the future (ie now) food will be grown on the farm, which will increasingly resemble factories or plants. Huge genetically modified tomatoes, harvest compaction schedule at any time of year. All sounds familiar, but no special joy does not.

Damn it! "Chemistry" even sang praises. Take for example the book Jacob Rosin, released in 1953, which tells the story of the "victory of chemistry over agriculture." "It's time to deprive natural food odor of sanctity and see what it actually is: poorly tuned mix of chemical elements and indigestible materials, many of which are dangerous to health," — writes Rosin. Now, in his opinion, of course, they all go on synthetic food, harmless and easily digestible. Imagine how the fans go to the health food special small stores that sell healthy food chemical and unenlightened masses are fed farming turnips and poisoned meat village.
The meat from a test tube

However, there is a fantasy, which is haunted by the scientists so far, mainly because in theory it is quite realistic and not so stupid to look like the above. No secret that most of the processed "meat" products is at best half of the soybean, and even cellulose (usually on such products is stamped "no soy"). This is done mainly because the plant protein is significantly less than the animal, although, of course, to fully replace it can not. But what if the animal protein will be grown separately from the living creatures and will cost the same as the notorious soya? Of course, we are talking about "meat from a test tube."
Why the "test-tube meat" — is it good? I guess many people know about what contribution to global warming is making the animal population, grown man, marked methane into the atmosphere, but that's not all. Each cow must consume seven calories of grass to meat, the energy value of which is equal to one calorie. Is the inefficient use of meadows and fields — and how much more power and chemicals out of the fact that they recover.

Of course, it would be much more effective if a person eats only plant foods — it would break the vicious circle. But animal protein to consume — our body is not designed solely for processing plant food. All the more important, perhaps, ten years later grown in the lab will be cheaper than soy protein. Now, however, advances in this area may seem small, but they are there: in bioreactors have grown muscle fibers up to two centimeters. By the way, there are already even artificial fish fillets — true taste of it still needs work. Eyewitnesses tried it say that the taste is similar to the crushed beans pulled out … well, does not matter where. In general, the work is car and small truck.
Joy of cannibalism

In most cultures around the world there is a clear taboo on eating the flesh of their own kind. This, of course, to the fact that before you try chelovechinki need to kill someone. But if the meat can be produced in bioreactors, who do not allow human flesh?
It is said that human meat — very tasty. Will we soon a delicious hamburger human? Why not. In the famous science fiction writer Warren Ellis has a wonderful comic Transmetropolitan, and taken from a reversal, as shown. The comic tells about the future (and the journalism. However, perhaps even mostly about journalism), and a closer look — you can see the girl on the poster, happily devouring a cloned human leg?

But back to the question of meat out of the tube as a whole — and then have a couple of comments. It is unlikely that it will replace the real meat — because muscle tissue — this is not smoked ribs. So it is likely that the human race and not give up the slaughter.

The growth of the availability of meat only increase consumption. Just look at the statistics: Now one person eats an average of two times more meat than in the fifties of the XX century. This means that the health problems we did not diminish, but rather increase.

However, it seems out of the situation is. In 1957, fashion designer Adele Simpson predicted that exercise and vitamins for the people of the future will replace corsets. Corsets! You know, those that are tightened lacing to make a wasp waist. Now no one is doing any exercises and spits on vitamins. It's time to get braces, and finally all will be well.

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