Global food prices will continue to remain high and volatile, which is dangerous, especially for the poorest countries. This is the main conclusion of the annual report on the situation of food security in the world, which is published on Monday the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
In the area of greatest risk at present were small, dependent on food imports of the country, especially in Africa, is indicated in the document. Many of them still can not cope with the consequences of the global food and economic crises of 2006-2008.
Price fluctuations may result in a reduction in food consumption, including reduced consumption by children of basic foodstuffs in the first thousand days of life, higher levels of poverty and the negative consequences for the economy as a whole. According to FAO estimates, in 2010 there were an estimated 925 million people suffering from hunger. Currently used by the FAO methodology for calculating the number of hungry people in the world is revised, so the score in 2011 has not yet been made.
Meanwhile, EU citizens annually thrown into the garbage, almost 90 million tons of uneaten food, according to data study, which was supported by the European Commission. According to the study, each EU citizen emits annually to dump an average of 179 kilograms of vegetables, fruit, meat and other food products.
Of all the uneaten food, which are in a landfill, 42% of private households throw away 39% of products are discarded in the garbage company-producers and 14% — in the garbage large grocery stores. The remaining 5% emit small food stalls. Agricultural residues and fishing while in the study were not considered.
Recall that in this year there is the East African drought in 60 years. More than 10 million hungry people. The Horn of Africa, millions of people are starving because of the drought, which in the coming months will only increase. Following precipitation in the region is expected in October. Thousands of people have fled Somalia.
According to the findings of scientists, based on a synthesis of data published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global warming of the planet by the year 2020 due to the greenhouse effect will lead to a reduction in food production in most countries. It will not allow to feed the growing world population.
In this case, the Earth's population will grow by at least 900 million, reaching 7.8 billion. The fall of the same crop in different countries due to climate change, will lead to the fact that the shortage of wheat will reach 14% to 11% less than required, will be made of rice, 9% — corn. The only culture that is in excess of 5% will be soy.
The main reason for lack of food will change the temperature and inaccessibility of water — would require a lot more effort put for irrigation in many parts of rainfall significantly reduced, and the temperature increase. Furthermore, given that approximately 35% of all cultivated crops are used as forage for livestock, scientists expect the deficit and meat production.