Let us ask ourselves the question: how should it respond to the Soviet leadership, having received information about Churchill's duplicity? Succumb to self-suggestion — "joint victory" is close, there is "an agreement" on them and each of the three powers would take control over their area of responsibility? Rely on the decisions made about the treatment of Germany and her satellites? Or is it safer to understand the reliable data were plotting treason, in which Churchill drew Truman, his advisers Leahy & Marshall, head of the U.S. intelligence Donovan and their details?
— I have no answer.
— Recall Yalta ended February 11. In the first half of February 12 guests departed for home. In Crimea, among other things, it was agreed that the aircraft will be the three powers in its operations to follow certain lines of demarcation. On the night of 12 on February 13 bombers Western allies wiped Dresden, then walked through the main companies in Slovakia, in the future Soviet zone of occupation in Germany, the plants are not given to us intact. In 1941, Stalin suggested that the British and Americans bombed using Crimean airfields, oil fields at Ploesti. No, they did not touch it then. They were raided in 1944, when the main center of oil production, the war fuel supply Germany, Soviet troops approached.
— A Dresden? How is it prevented the allies?
— One of the main objectives of the raids on Dresden were bridges over the Elbe. Churchill acted installation to which both the Americans hold the Red Army as far as possible in the East.
— The destruction of the city was like a side effect?
— "The cost of war." However, there was another motive. In the briefing before the flight crew told the British: the Soviets to demonstrate the possibility of Allied bombers. That demonstrated. And, not once. In April, forty-five bombs were set Potsdam. Oranienburg destroyed. We were notified — the pilots made a mistake. It seems to be aiming at Zossen, which housed the headquarters of the German Air Force. The classic "evasive statement" that was not a number. Oranienburg was bombed on the orders of Marshall and Leahy, for there were laboratories working with uranium. That no laboratory, no staff, no equipment or materials do not fall into our hands — all turned to dust.
And today, when we closely look into the events of that stern time, we try to analyze the coordinate system of the then why the Soviet leadership went to great sacrifices just to finish the war, then again we must ask ourselves — whether there was scope for choice? In addition to immediate military tasks have to solve the political and strategic riddles for the future, including planned to erect barriers Churchill adventure.
— And unless it was impossible to state allies that we know of their plans and consider them to be invalid? Inform the public about the perfidy gestate?
— I'm not sure that this is something given. Attempts have been made to influence the partners a good example. In the words of Vladimir Semenov, a Soviet diplomat, I know the following. Stalin invited the Andrei Smirnov, who was then the head of the 3rd European Department of the Foreign Ministry and concurrently Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, for discussion, with the participation of Semenov options to designated areas under Soviet control.
Smirnov reported that our troops in pursuit of the enemy, have gone beyond the demarcation lines in Austria, as they have been agreed at Yalta, and offered a de facto peg our new positions in anticipation of how the U.S. will behave in similar situations. Stalin interrupted him and said: "It is wrong. Write a telegram to the Allied Powers." And dictated: "The Soviet troops in pursuit of the Wehrmacht, were forced to cross the line, the previously agreed between us. Hereby would like to confirm that after the war the Soviets divert troops to the limits established zones of occupation."
— Telegrams were sent to London, and Washington DC?
— I do not know where and to whom. Whether it is for the army went, whether on the political. I repeat only what I heard from a witness of the scene. Stating at the same time that Churchill our approach not impressed. After Roosevelt's death (April 12, 1945), he massively pressured Truman, arguing that there is no need to perform in Tehran and Yalta agreement. Time to create new situations that require different solutions. What? In the opinion of the Prime Minister, the course of events led Western powers on more advanced lines to the east and the "democracies" is for them to gain a foothold. Churchill opposed the meeting in Potsdam or convening another conference to be made out to win, paying tribute to her contribution to the Soviet people. By the logic of the British prime minister, the West was given a chance to seize the moment when the resources of the Soviet Union were at the limit, the rears are stretched, his troops were tired, worn out equipment, and required to quit calling Moscow, urging to obey the dictates of the Anglo-Saxons, or experience the hardships of another war.
I stress that this is not speculation, not conjecture, but a statement of fact, which has a proper name. Churchill gave at the beginning of April (according to other sources, at the end of March) in order to make haste "Operation Unthinkable." Date of start of the war was timed to July 1, 1945. It should have been attended by American, British, Canadian forces, Polish expeditionary corps and 10-12 German divisions. The ones that kept nerasformirovannymi in Schleswig-Holstein and Southern Denmark.
However, President Truman did not support this, to put it delicately, the Jesuit idea. At least two reasons. U.S. public was not ready to accept such a cynical betrayal of the cause of the United Nations.
— More precisely, the insidious treachery.
— Yes. But apparently, this is not important. American generals have defended the need for continued cooperation with the Soviet Union before the surrender of Japan. In addition, the U.S. military, as did their British counterparts, believed to war with the Soviet Union's easier than successfully complete it. The risk seemed to them too much.
And like a refrain, the question was to act as the Supreme Command of the USSR after the receipt of the respective signals? If anything, the Berlin operation was a response to the plan, "Unthinkable" heroism of our soldiers and officers in conducting this evaluation was a warning to Churchill and his associates.
The political scenario of the Berlin operation belonged to Stalin. General author of its military component was Georgy Zhukov. He also had to take criticism for the ensuing costs on the outskirts of Berlin and in the city a grand battle. The criticism, in part, was caused by emotional factors. Marshal Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovsky came closer to the capital of the Reich, and probably internally preparing to take the keys from her. Rate, however, has given Rokossovsky another job. It looks like the Supreme Commander with a rather cool character. Upset if not outdone, was Marshal Konev. This I know from the words of Ivan Stepanovich. In Berlin the operation he was assigned as a second role …
— And also in April, forty-five, he also went to Berlin closer than Zhukov …
— Anyway, the choice fell on the marshal, reputed to be the right hand Supreme Commander. Accordingly, the imminent fall of Berlin has added luster "a commander of the glory", conducted by this right hand. Apparently, in those days, Stalin was not too receptive to the twitter rumor-mongers who have invested in the mouth of Zhukov's remarks about his serious errors were only forty-first year …
— So, what for us was then Berlin?
— Storming of Berlin, the hoisting of the Victory
Banner over the Reichstag were, of course, is not only a symbol or a final chord of the war. Least of all propaganda. For the army was a matter of principle to enter the lair of the enemy and thus mark the end of the most difficult in the history of the Russian war. Hence, from Berlin, considered fighters crawled fascist beast that brought immeasurable grief to the Soviet people, the peoples of Europe and the whole world. The Red Army had gone there to start a new chapter in our history and in the history of Germany, in the history of mankind …
May consider them in the documents that were prepared at the request of Stalin in the spring of forty-five — in March, April and May. Objective observer is satisfied: no feeling of revenge determined outlines the policy of the Soviet Union. The country's leaders enacted to deal with Germany as a state, defeated, with the German people, as responsible for the outbreak of war. But … no one was going to turn their defeat in the penalty without prescription and no time limit for a decent future. Stalin implemented more advanced in the forty-first year of the thesis: Hitlers come and go, but Germany, the German people remain.
Naturally, it was necessary to force the Germans to contribute to the restoration of a "scorched earth", they left behind a legacy in the occupied territories. For full compensation for losses and damage our country would not be enough and the total wealth of Germany. Take as much as can, without hanging around his neck still life support and the Germans themselves, "ponagrabit more" — so not very diplomatic language, Stalin directed the subordinates in the issue of reparations. Not a single nail was not superfluous, in order to raise from the ruins of Ukraine, Belarus, Central Region of Russia. More than four-fifths of the production facilities were destroyed there. More than a third of the population lost their homes. The Germans blew up, wrapped in a tailspin 80,000 kilometers of track, sleepers broke even. All bridges collapsed. A 80,000 km — more than all the railways of Germany before World War II combined.