Approximately 90% of corals off the coast of Malaysia has already killed the global warming, and the reefs may never recover from its effects, said Thursday in releasing the Malaysian Star newspaper interview a marine biologist, Professor, University of Science Malaysia Zulfugar Yasin (Zulfigar Yassin).
A week ago, the Department of Marine Sanctuaries Malaysia announced a temporary closure to the public, including snorkeling and scuba diving, at least 15 districts in the area of the country. It happened after a conducted between June 4 to July 19, showed that 60 to 90% of corals off the coast of the world-famous resort on the island of Tioman, Redang, Payar and Tingey suffer from discoloration.
"This is definitely due to (global) climate change, it can not be due to local causes such as the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico," — said the scientist.
"Corals are initially white. Other colors they give algae living in them, and any kind of temperature stress causes them to tear away the algae, "- said Yasin.
However, these marine plants are in symbiosis with corals and provide them with food, but because bleaching leads to their death. In turn, coral reefs are home to many species of marine life, including most of the fish, and therefore the death of corals and lead to the disappearance of the latter.
The current coral bleaching has been going since April this year, spreading from the coast of India to Australia, said Malaysian expert. Formerly the Department of marine reserves of the country also said that while bleaching has already occurred in the world in 1998 and 2006, this time it is more significant and more common due to global warming.
In these circumstances, the closure of marine reserves to visit, of course, need to attempt to restore coral, said the biologist. It will remove the extra load on the sea in the form of debris falling into the water and waste from the houses on the shore, oil and dirt from boats, direct human impacts, said Zulfugar Yasin.