Certainly, there is no more famous Russian submachine gun than Bison, large by the standards of PP capacity auger store literally overshadows the mind and not even think about how to store screw firmly takes cartridges and how to equip these same cartridges. More than twice the capacity surpassing store guns in comparison with other standards, not the greatest dimensions OUTDOOR similarity with all known Kalashnikov assault rifle — are prerequisites highest popularity of this tool and it would be unforgivable ignore it, do not get to know him more thoroughly.
Start, for sure, standing with what happened to meet with a gun personally, while with the «killed» in the trash and a new prototype, slightly used, here, I think I have the right to draw definite conclusions about the reliability of this standard. The fact that usually the main disadvantage of this sub-machine gun just consider it a screw shop whose reliability is called into oscillation. With the new tool I personally have problems does not appear, although the ability to be comfortable, so take pouhvatestey and later release a longish queue all 64 Chuck 9×18 was not, and the desire to test, so Makarov, PP was. Yet, not long queue submachine gun postponed to 5, no problems does not add to the first, nor the last cartridge from the magazine. From prototype beaten life everything was brand is not so smooth. Failures appear, the fault appeared the store that was especially palpable in the last cartridges, apparently the problem was in the spring shop. Special equipment store does not cause problems, but how long does this procedure. For accuracy and precision instruments both standard were approximately monotonous, but here it is impossible to draw conclusions, because the fire was conducted at a distance of 100 meters. Returns have guns there, but it is very small, the reason is in the chuck 9×18, well, mass itself guns also plays a role. By the way, if not for the weight and balance shifted forward with a submachine gun, it would be possible without problems to cope with a weapon and wasteful in Hollywood with one hand, but in fact it is quite difficult, so expect a spectacular shooting impossible, but to fully effective can. In other words, if an instrument for watch and care, it will not fail, but the sediment that box store all the same reliable, remained, though the test of time, though the smallest capacity while maintaining a reasonable size.
Designed submachine gun Bison offspring was recognizable gunsmiths VM Kalashnikov DG Dolganova, AE Dragunov and SD Gorbunov. Emphasis was placed on designing tools impracticable — the highest parts of comparability with the Kalashnikov, despite the fact that the gun was in the end turn out completely different class and a very different scheme of automation. As a result of the sons gunsmiths substantiated that genes decide everything as frames and successfully coped with this task because he submachine gun is more than one-half of a Kalashnikov. First it markedly in appearance guns, which seems to relatives and friends to everyone that really is so because all the controls were kept on their own Metakhim from AK, well and receiver was borrowed from the same with small changes. Generally options Bizon submachine gun very many, let’s briefly walk through all of them, including those in mass production did not.
First version of a submachine gun Bison from more vserasprostranennyh options already in the 2nd performing outside differs in that it has a pistol grip of coffee plastic, while all of the following standards already had a black handle. In fact, the first version of the sub-machine gun was pre-production, which showed that the instrument can and what is not. Total common name is commercially produced submachine gun Bizon-2 is very often classified as the common name for all SMGs, this family by itself is actually a separate standard, which is designed for introduction and 9h18PMM 9h18PM cartridges. Specifically on its base and were made all the other standards. Bison-2B is still the same Bizon-2, but with the possibility of installing a silencer device. Option submachine gun Bizon-2-01 is an adaptation of guns chambered for 9×19, modification Bizon-2-02 is designed for ammunition 9h17, with all this, the possibility of automatic fire it saved. Option sub-machine gun, which has its own name at the end of the number 03, is a weapon chambered for 9×18, with a silencer device which is integrated into the design of a submachine gun. Options 04, 05, 06 are, in fact, self-loading rifle chambered for the 9×18, 9×19 and 9h17 respectively, and can not conduct automatic fire. More exciting, in my opinion, a variant with a submachine gun Bizon-2 is an option under 7,62 x25 TT, though in this case, instead of a screw shop used box magazine capacity of 32 rounds, and the gun itself is set plastic forearm. Separately allocated variant submachine gun Bizon-3, which has the stock is no longer throws in the side of AKS74U and folding up. Just his sights were changed to diopter rear sight and front sight from AK and most importantly, stick placed on top of the gate was the gun. It was assumed that the sub-machine gun will get the future development as Bizon-2, but the «breakaway» Vityaz PP almost ruined his own progenitor, although it can be considered as the development of the upcoming Bison submachine gun, which is very close to the truth.
Despite the external similarity and a huge amount of similar items with a Kalashnikov submachine gun Bison works on several different principle, namely it is built on the automatic blowback and not use powder gases discharged from the bore in the gas engine. Normal position before firing the shutter last frontal, but with all this, no additional devices to reduce travel speed shutter apart from its mass and springs not revertible.
Weight of different options with a submachine gun Bison varies from 2.7 to 2.9 kg empty, plus the added mass is equipped shop a bit more than 1 kilogram, so that the weapon for a submachine gun quite heavy by today’s standards, but such payment of a reasonable size and huge magazine capacity. The length of the gun barrel from 225 to 230 mm, rate of from 680 to 750 rounds per minute. Length with buttstock is 690 mm, 460 mm with folded. Capacity screw shop chambered 9×18 — 64 cartridge Ammo 9×19 — 53 cartridges.
Unfortunately, despite all its merits, submachine gun Bison proved ultimately not destiny. Despite the rather huge magazine capacity, the instrument was therefore a significant flaw in the form of a huge weight for PP, so there is nothing unusual that made on the basis of sub-machine gun Bison Knight became more popular, and specifically on the bet it soon. ;