Even if you do not set a goal to raise a second Mozart, agree that every child is not bad to develop musical skills. Found that children who engage in music, often ahead of their peers in the intellectual, social and psychomotor development. These children are more receptive to information and concentrated attention.
Music organically woven into our lives, both in the form of growing old "classics" and unpretentious songs that we humming under his breath, doing the dishes. We are surrounded by the world's most diverse sounds and the baby absorbs it even before birth — he begins to hear about the twentieth week of fetal development. What do you do in order to grow a small player?
Develop a sense of rhythm
As we know, the two hemispheres of our brain different functions. The left hemisphere is "responsible" for logical operations, right — for intuitive and aesthetic. The right hemisphere of a person perceives color, music, images, and left — maths, languages, logic. Impressions and fleeting images, which "caught" the right hemisphere, the left are analyzed, lining up in a clear manner and allow to predict certain events. "But where is the rhythm?" — You may ask. And despite the fact that the rhythm helps to integrate the work of the two hemispheres. It organizes not only auditory or visual experience, but also develops coordination, helps the child feel your body.
It happens and rhythmic talent. As a general rule, it appears very early. Natasha's mother, for example, says that her son in infancy loved banging on pots and pans, and not randomly, but in certain sequences — with syncopations, pauses in a rather complex rhythmic patterns. Now this boy is studying at the famous Chopin School class of percussion instruments.
But even if your baby does not become a professional dancer or musician (though who knows?) developed sense of rhythm helps him to move well to music, to coordinate the movement of your body, and even correct, even to breathe. From the sense of rhythm depends articulation, fluency and clarity of speech.
While a child is very young, a sense of rhythm can be developed with the help of massage and gymnastics. Now, perhaps, there is no mother who would not have heard about the benefits of massage for infants. Massage is prescribed and in certain diseases, and just for prevention. Of course it's good if it fulfills a professional massage therapist (this is especially true for medical massage), but for the emotional and physical development of the baby is very important to feel the warm touch of her mother's arms. Therefore, even if the crumb is receiving the massage, do not forget easily and rhythmically stroking his body, saying or singing along to the beat of his movements. In Russian folklore, a huge variety of nursery rhymes and pestushek with a clear rhythm.
For example, when the child woke up, sing him a song, accompanying her movements and trying to get into the rhythm:
- We woke up, we woke up (diluted pen in hand, then cross on his chest)
- Sweetly, sweetly pulled, (raising hands up)
- Mom and Dad smiled. (Smile at the kid, and the day will come when he will smile in response to you)
All infants without exception, love dancing in the arms of their parents. Just do not, perhaps, dancing immediately after a meal, the baby is not srygnul. Dance smoothly and rhythmically, making no sudden movements. You can put the child in a baby carrier or sling sling. Let music, under which you dance, will be very different — a gentle waltz or a brisk march, cheerful polka or a thoughtful meditation.
Over time, the child will want to participate himself in the creation of rhythmic patterns. Make sure the kid noise musical instruments that can be used in different ways to extract audio. This may be the notorious pots, bells, rattles, bottles, wooden spoons, plastic cups. Next will come the turn and present musical instruments: tambourine, maracas, triangle. They can knock, and it can hit the stick, slapping his palm. Note crumbs that sound every time it turns out different. Maybe this is the first tentative raindrops? And now the rain has gone from strength to strength. Thunder! Lightning! And now the rain is getting quieter and quieter. Drip … drip … drip … and fades.
Show how to knock the rhythm of the poem or song. Do not rush, blurts text or sung melody as you can clearly otstukivaya beat yourself first, and then — handle the baby. Try to tap out the rhythm of the music is playing. To begin with let it be a simple song or a dance tune (in which the rhythm is particularly clear), and then one can and move on to more complex works.
The tools that are always at hand — their own hands and feet. Do not forget about them! In addition to the banal slamming his hands, you can still stomp foot in time to the music, pounding pen on the table or on the knees. You can also adjust the intensity: clap with all his strength or his fingers barely touch the surface of the table.
Together with the rhythm and tempo of the music changes. Children usually love to play on a change of pace. Here, for example, the game "Went pan." Place the child on her knees to face him, and shook up and down, gradually accelerating:
- Rode Pan, Pan went a step-step-step-step
- Rode Pan, Pan was riding, trot, trot, trot, trot,
- Pan was riding, riding pan, stroke, stroke, stroke, stroke.
Toddlers are fascinating rhythmic motion. If possible, show him the metronome, try to knock together with his "magic hammer." But the clock so there will in any home. Let them hear the ticking of the crumbs, and then play a game of "watch":
- Grandfather clock: tick-tock, tick-tock.
- For father clock: tick-tock, tick-tock, tick-tock, tick-tock.
- And my, my watch: tiki-tiki, tiki, tiki, tiki tiki alike.
The rhythm gradually speeds: from quarter to sixteenth. Under this song, you can clap your hands, shake his head, rattling rhythm of musical instruments.
By the way, when the baby is a little older and get used to the ticking of a clock, you can play around with it in a game. The child closes his eyes or even better a minute out of the room, and you at this time hiding alarm clock. Now the sound of the child must find where you hid the clock. Then you can turn the tables — the child is hiding, and you are looking for.
Develop perfect pitch
Yes, do not be surprised! It turns out that this is not only a natural gift. Absolute pitch can be developed.
Try as much as possible to sing themselves. Even if the bear thoroughly went through your ears, it is very important for a child to hear live singing. By the way, at the same time and will develop its own hearing. It is better if it's hushed, melodic songs with a clear rhythm.
High and low
To ensure that the child has learned these concepts to help special games and exercises. For example, building a tower out of blocks, you can sing, or a range of scale, from the lower to the upper sound. You can draw on a fixed vertical sheet of paper (in this case, convenient easel), and sing: draw a line from the bottom up and sing up, draw down — and repeat this idea sounds.
The classic game to determine the pitch of the "Bird and the Bear." Tell your child that the high-high tree lives a little bird, she sings like this (play the piano or other musical instrument sounds somewhat in upper case), and lives in a den bear, he roars in a low voice (playing in the lower register). And now the kid to guess who now wants to talk with him — a bird or a bear. Then you will be able to enter more other characters of your musical history — bunny, fox, wolf, etc. Determine for each animal its octave, and gradually learn to accurately identify crumb pitch.
Listen to music
Let the music sounds in
your home! Preferably, the classics, of course. Will approach the works of Mozart (for some reason children are particularly fond of), Beethoven, Vivaldi, Kabalevsky, Grieg, Tchaikovsky and Mussorgsky.
And the music can do anything you want. For example, to draw. Talk to your child that you want to paint with this music? Well, if the works are distinctive, but because — easily recognizable. For example, "Children's Album" or Tchaikovsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" by Mussorgsky. Maybe listening to the "March of the unhatched chickens", your baby wants to paint watercolors on wet paper fluffy chicken? Or rushing into a furious whirlwind of a stupa with Baba-Yaga under the same piece of Tchaikovsky? Or, an Italian beauty, cheered "Neapolitan song"?
And the music can be considered paintings and pictures. True, they have specially pre-select. My oldest daughter loved the homemade album "Carnival of the Animals." I pasted in a regular sketch pad cut from old magazines pictures of animals in the order in which they follow in Saint-Saens, and we were treated to the music of this album.
And, of course, you can dance to the music. By the way, Julianna Zelenoritskaya, teacher of the kindergarten "Lotus", recommends that in the process, develop and artistic abilities. Its students under the same first dance music, like rabbits (birds, butterflies), and then — as the Bears (lions, foxes). Read more about this unusual kindergarten, where he works Julianna, you can read on the website www.slotos.ru.
By the way, this same technique can be used while singing. It's no secret that children — the world's largest conservatives, and the same song they are willing to listen to a hundred and fifty times a day. To diversify, the heyday of its bright colors, try to sing it, as it would have done little mouse, a tiny voice. And now — as a huge elephant or a fearsome tiger. Now sing the same sad song or a fun, quiet or loud as Malvina or as Karabas-Barabas, etc. Focus on the immediate interests of their child, and then he will want to repeat your experiment. When the baby is a little older, you will just have to explain to him that we're playing, singing and talking with different intonation. And in the music school, he would play "with the intonation," because the idea of expressive performance it will be a long time familiar.
Gradually, listening to music, your child will learn to define itself and its mood and character. Let him move as intuition tells him. Maybe a smooth, gentle melody, he wants to fly like a beautiful bird, and a terrible, disturbing sounds — hide in the nest?
Very well, if a certain music will benefit from the specific movements — for example, jumping on the spot under the polka, running under the fast music, walking under the march, etc. Children very quickly get used to distinguish the nature of music by ear. And even if they are not able to describe it in words, they do it very well on the move.
While dancing or singing, of course, desirable that the child fell into a rhythm, but do not abuse your baby if it is not yet obtained. Someday surely succeed.
Playing a musical instrument
For starters suitable percussion instruments. You can make a real ensemble — you play, for example, the piano, and the child emphasizes rhythm with a tambourine or maracas.
With the piano, you can play simple songs in a rather slow pace, taking the baby's finger in his hands. So the child gets used to properly hold a brush, feels the key. Let the crumbs and play music on their own. Believe me, the piano is not upset by it. Let him play the storm, rain, or birds singing. Or even something that's hard to say in words, but easy to express sound.
By the way, who said that it is imperative to play the piano? Y. Zelenoritskaya recommends, for example, to try their hand at the glockenspiel:
"This tool is especially fond of children — metallic clang of metal plates is fascinating, and audio extraction does not require the physical stress, like playing a piano or maracas. Little musicians gladly ticking on glockenspiel melody or rhythmic pattern favorite songs. Along the way, the child gets acquainted with the names of notes, remembers their graphic. And if you put a glockenspiel vertically, you can play a game of "musical ladder," and then the kid himself satisfied that some sounds are higher than others, which means that they can be called high and low. "
Do not be afraid to experiment! The main thing is that they are not a burden to you or your baby, and bring only positive emotions. Then the music will fill your life with joy.
According to the magazine "Aistenok"