Environmentalists in the International Year of Forests will celebrate several anniversaries — as joyful (anniversaries WWF and Greenpeace) and tragic (the Chernobyl disaster), and will fight against the introduction of quotas for polar bears in Chukotka.
Year of Forests
UN General Assembly adopted in December 2006, a resolution declaring 2011 the "International Year of Forests" to support efforts to implement sustainable forest management worldwide. Year of Forests will be officially opened at the ninth session of the UN Forest Forum to be held in New York from January 24 to February 4. The world community is going to preserve the "lungs of the planet" through the mechanism of protection of tropical forests REDD + (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), agreement was reached at the climate conference in Cancun. It is expected that the program will earn full REDD + in 2011.
In Russia, the forest year will be marked by regeneration after fires of summer 2010, which will take a reformed Federal Forestry Agency. In January, the FFA is planning to take the forest plan, Moscow region until 2018. It provides, among other things, and to fight fires, in particular, the construction of observation towers with cameras.
A quarter-century of the Chernobyl disaster
April 26, 1986 accident occurred at Chernobyl, a quarter-century anniversary to be celebrated in 2011. Currently, based on the station, which ceased generating electricity in 2000, the validity of the state specialized enterprise "Chernobyl NPP". It is engaged in the decommissioning of nuclear unit and the conversion of the "Shelter" into an ecologically safe system.
In the year of the 25th anniversary of the former nuclear power plant accident may become the center of a "nuclear tourism": Chernobyl area in 2011 will be open to visitors, tourists will be able to pass along special routes without risk to health. External radiation dose in four to five days on the routes in the area is the same, what a person can get, having made two flights over the ocean. The idea to open the area to public access arose from the fact that such travel is growing demand.
Extraction of polar bear
Native harvest in the Red Book of polar bears could begin in Russia in 2011, but animal welfare advocates believe that this can not be, as the "master of Arctic" to the brink of extinction has put global climate change.
The annual quota of 29 polar bears to extract indigenous peoples of Chukotka was installed at the beginning of June 2010 at a meeting of the Russian-American Commission on Polar Bear in Anchorage (Alaska).
Scientists believe that in the next 50 years the world population of the species may be reduced by 70%, so the allocation quotas for the polar bear to the indigenous population of the North matters worse predator.
According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia, last year alone, the Internet found 22 ads polar bear skins and four posts of the desire to buy them. According to Russian experts, every year, poachers kill 70 to 300 bears.
Half a century of WWF …
When in September 1961, a few people have announced the creation of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), no one paid for the event absolutely no attention. And even the founding fathers — Peter Scott, Luke Hoffman and Guy de Montfort — did not expect that will result in their venture.
Fame and financial independence WWF found 10 years after its inception. In 1971, the president of the Dutch Prince Bernhard personally appealed to thousands of the most influential and famous people in the world to support the WWF and transfer the management of the fund of 10 thousand dollars. The collected funds ($ 10 million) became the basis of the trust fund, the number of its members — a thousand guests plus Prince Bernhard — called "Trust 1001".
Celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the end of April will be held in Switzerland. In Russia, the celebrations will be held in the summer in conjunction with the 17th anniversary of the fund in the country.
In December 2010, the chief editor of RIA Novosti Svetlana Mironyuk joined the Board of WWF Russia, which approves the strategy for the protection of nature, and the guidelines of the annual budget.
…and 40 years of Greenpeace
In 2011, it was 40 years since then, in 1971, a small group of activists set sail on a fishing boat from the Canadian city of Vancouver to the small island of Amchitka, Alaska, in which the U.S. government was going to conduct an underground nuclear test. Organizers of the rally picked succinct but expressive title for his team: Green + Peace = Greenpeace. On board there was no room, and so the name written together. Protests of environmentalists forced the U.S. government to stop testing in Amchitka by the end of 1971, the island became a bird sanctuary.
Greenpeace activists celebrate round date in October once the sea action. The water will be lowered ship Rainbow Warrior-III, which is being built at a shipyard in Germany, and after the descent will head immediately to the place of the next environmental disaster.