Jonathan Watts, The Guardian
Khan, who gained fame as the most powerful and cruel barbarian in the world, in fact, was a very educated man, who knew the philosophy of Taoism. This convinced the Chinese historian who discovered the document, which indicates that the leader of the Mongol hordes could read and write.
Debunking all the previous theory that the great conqueror of the XIII century was so busy with military campaigns and looting that he had no time for self-education, academic and professor at the University of Inner Mongolia Tenguz Bayaryn said recently that he discovered an edict, written in 1219 by hand Genghis Khan himself.
As noted in the Chinese news agency Xinhua, academician Bayaryn said the decree, which is contained in a manuscript sent to a Taoist monk, indicating literacy Genghis Khan. "This is the original letter written in the Mongolian language in a unique style and tone that could be unique to the great ruler" — says Bayaryn.
Until now, historians believed that the great ruler was illiterate because the Mongolian written language was created when Genghis Khan was 40 years of age: he supposedly did not have time to learn.
Genghis Khan, born between 1155 and 1167 years, united Mongolia and led her warriors on the path of ruthless conquest. When a short-lived empire reached its zenith, its territory stretched from the Yellow Sea to the Mediterranean.
But at the end of his life Genghis Khan became interested in the life and death. Ancient Chinese manuscripts describe how in 1220, the great ruler of the Hindu Kush invited Taoist monk named Chang Chun and asked him to create an elixir of life.
Professor Bayaryn says in a letter written during this period and addressed Taoist scholar, said: "I was inspired by your speech. I will study hard and obey your every word. I ordered my ministers have made a tutorial on your lessons and I I will read it personally. "
There is no doubt that the interpretation of the historian will be warmly welcomed in Mongolia, where many are named "Genghis" — in honor of the great son of the country.