Little-known moments in the history of creation OTR-21 Point — Unrealized tactical complexes Hawk / Point with missiles V-612/V-614

The history of the creation of a tactical set of "Point" begins in the late 50's — early 60-ies of the last century with the creation of jobs for Russian tactical missile complexes. The first complex, which gave rise to the whole story was complex "Hawk" with radio guidance system performance, a project that developed by 1963. As the base was used antiaircraft rocket B-611, relating to the class of "ground-to-ground" and used in the complex "M11" for the defense in the Navy.

Little-known moments of the history of the OTR-21 "Point" - Unrealized tactical complexes Hawk / Point with missiles V-612/V-614

She received a radio control and project destructive force up to 35 km. In addition, in a missile warhead was required to establish a greater weight that immediately led to the displacement of the center of mass in front of the rocket. The designers of IBC "Torch", headed by P.Grushinym which, by the way, began to conduct projects that had to fill offset installation Destabilizers — small aerodynamic surfaces. But the main problem was not entirely the case, and in the application to control the missile radio controls, the application of which is recognized by a complex tactical impractical because of the probable enemy jamming. The project is set aside. At its base is starting work on a new project.

Little-known moments of the history of the OTR-21 "Point" - Unrealized tactical complexes Hawk / Point with missiles V-612/V-614

Designers develop new project tactical complex which In 1965 he received the designation of "Point." The basis for the project was a missile B-614, which is used in inertial guidance system. The estimated range of fire up to 70 km. But the project is a new set of "Point" is taken away from the ICD "Torch" and sent to the kolomenskoye SLE (MSC). Assumptions on which the project is transferred to another artist, while rather are ordinary — ICB "Torch" before actually doing tactical complexes, the main effort is focused on the development of air defense and missile defense, well, the team was extremely loaded in the existing projects.

Little-known moments of the history of the OTR-21 "Point" - Unrealized tactical complexes Hawk / Point with missiles V-612/V-614

In the upcoming design team led by S.Nepobedimym absolutely surrendered processes project, makes a very experienced model, holds his tests.

The main external difference missiles:
— reduced wingspan — 1.38 m;
— plate rudders change on lattice type disclosed;
— Destabilizers removed, smooth the shift of the center of mass.

In 1974, the complex "point" of a new project with an index of "9K79" becomes operational Russian Armed Forces of the Union. Specifically, on the basis of this complex in the coming now created a recognizable complex "Tochka-U" with the effective range of up to 120 km. But so far the rocket complex "Tochka-U" remains relevant features of anti-aircraft guided missiles early 60's "B-611".

The main characteristics of the projects:
— self-propelled launchers for the complex "Hawk" had to be made on the basis of a wheeled chassis BAZ or Kutaiskogo AZ;

Little-known moments of the history of the OTR-21 "Point" - Unrealized tactical complexes Hawk / Point with missiles V-612/V-614

— self-propelled launchers for the complex "point" was to be made on the basis of the wheel chassis BAZ-135LM, complex analog gear "Luna-M";
— complex "Hawk": radio command control system, with adjustments for radar mounted on launchers;
complex "Point": inertial control system, as adjusted by the onboard computer;
— a single-stage rocket performance, solid propellant engine with the aerodynamic destabilizers
— a small range of defeat Hawk / Point — 8/8 km;
— the largest range of defeat Hawk / Point 35/70 km.

Sources disk imaging:
http://military.tomsk.ru/blog/index-100.html
http://www.military-informer.narod.ru/Scarab.html
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-260.html
http://pvo.guns.ru/naval/m11.htm

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