Having good mental health throughout life does not provide immunity to mental disorders in elderly and senile age. Older people suffer from mental disorders were significantly more likely than younger and middle-aged people. Thus, according to the World Health Organization among the elderly 236 of 100 000 of the population suffer from mental illness while in the age group of 45 to 64 years old — only 93.
However, do not think that old age is inextricably linked to poor health, including mental. Many diseases of old age can be treated. It is important to be attentive to themselves and their elderly relatives and in time to see a doctor.
Meanwhile, older people are turning to psychiatrists and psychotherapists are half as likely than the general population. People over 60 years of age often do not notice their mental disorders or are considering them as an inevitable result of aging. Unfortunately, this is completely the wrong attitude Some people and their relatives, all of which account for old age and think they still can not do anything.
A characteristic feature of psychopathological disorders in the elderly and old age is the phenomenon of somatization, that is, bodily expression of mental disorders. These patients seek the help of general practitioners, who are not always able to recognize mental health problems in older patients, especially when it comes to depressive disorders and pulmonary disorders, memory and thinking.
Elderly patients are well represented different manifestations dyscirculatory encephalopathy, which is based on atherosclerosis of the brain.
Characterized by complaints of a feeling of heaviness in the head, noise and ringing in the ears, dizziness, staggering when walking or getting out of bed, growing fatigue, even at low physical activity. There is need for a day stay. The patient becomes irritable, impatient, can not tolerate the noise, easy to appear in tears, there is memory loss, sleep disturbance. Assistance in such cases is usually patient.
The most common mental disorder elderly — depression. The mood is reduced, characterized by ongoing feelings of sadness or anxiety, a feeling of worthlessness, hopelessness, helplessness, and unwarranted guilt, loss of interest in former hobbies, family, friends, work.
Lower cognitive performance, which is based on the inability to concentrate, memory loss and general disorganization of mental processes — may also be a manifestation of depression.
Depression can have somatic symptoms: loss or, on the contrary, increased appetite, insomnia or drowsiness, constant fatigue, constipation, pain that can not be explained by physical illness.
If you notice in yourself or
Proper treatment can improve the condition and return of an old man to a full happy life.