Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster unrealized project called cyclopean tanks of Hitler's Germany.
It has always been that the opposing sides in the war are turning their attention to the equipment of the enemy, using the later more noteworthy ideas of the development of technology. The exception to this list is not Hitler's Germany and was, at the time, when there was a second global war. In fact, a clear copy of the Russian army tank T-34 was among the Germans tank "Panther". But this does not mean that Germany did not have their own fascinating solutions analogues at the time was not. In their base on the ideas that have not been previously used in general. Such innovations, no doubt, can be called the biggest projects of tanks Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte and P1500 Monster, which are applied and failed in reality.
June 23, 1942 the German Ministry of the arms, whose responsibilities included the development of submarines, have been proposed for the tribunal of Adolf Hitler's projects, including the huge tanks, the weight of which was 1000 and 1500 tons each. Hitler was a man, approving all sorts of creative solutions on the field of armaments. For German engineering giant, he has put a serious puzzle, to secure their embodiment in the life of these projects. First tank-monster was supposed to give the title Landkreuzer P1000 Ratte.
Sample characteristics of the tank had to be of the following: length 35 meters, width — 14 m, height — 11 meters. The movement of the monster was to be done by the caterpillars of a width of 3.6 meters, they consisted of 3 sections, width of 1.2 meters. With such a wide track, protect the area of the interaction with the surface, which does not allow him to fall under its own weight.
Drive a tank P1000, and his guns had been entrusted to the crew, consisting of 20 people, and he had to move with the 2-24-cylinder engines MAN V12Z32/44, having a capacity of 8500 hp. In general data engines used in the manufacture of submarines, as they provided the tank capacity, which amounted to a total of 17,000 horsepower. Then, having different engineering calculations, it was proposed to change the engine on the two above-mentioned eight 20-cylinder engines, bore the title of Daimler-Benz MB501. They had the power in 2000 horsepower each and were used in the production of torpedo boats.
Both options provide the speed of movement of the tank P1000, 40-45 km / h, which is just incredibly impressive for a car of such size.
At the base of the tank weapons P1000 went two guns used in ships SK-C/34 caliber 280 mm, which were installed on the main rotating turret. The rear of the tank was equipped with an additional tower with a 128-mm cannon. To be able to defend themselves against attacks from the air, it was found eight 20-mm anti-aircraft guns Flak38, and fire protection of the giant was provided with 2 guns, mortars languid Mauser 151/15.
The existence of the project P1000 was only on paper, but it did not prevent the developer to take over the creation of another tank design P1500, having a weight of 1,500 tonnes. Unlike the P100, the thickness of armor which ranged from 150 mm to 220 mm, the armor of the exhibit assumed from 250 mm to 360 mm. In the tank P1500 suggested the presence of the 1st 800-mm guns, similar to the tool, mounted on railway platforms "Fat Gustav" and "doorways". In addition, it was planned to equip tank 2 additional 150-mm guns and pretty bolshennom number of machine guns and anti-aircraft guns. The motion would be produced by the four engines taken from the submarine MAN V12Z32/44, which together hold a capacity of 34,000 horsepower.
But these models of tanks and have not been put into creating the prerequisite for this was their impressive size, the creation of which would significantly complicate the work of the entire German engineering industry, which is already working in the strong pace. To produce such tanks were needed competent specialists from different areas, and in bolshennom quantity. In addition, the maintenance of these machines also would require people, whose number was close to the average of army units.
These premises were quite convincing to the Ministry of the arms of Germany and first in 1943 by Albert Speer (Albert Speer) issued an order requiring the stop of all activities related to each of the projects. While working on the main turret of the tank for P1000 were already finished. She later found on the strip of Trondheim in Norway.