Today decided to add material about the mysterious figures in the desert Nazca (Peru). If someone had never heard or seen them, it's time to catch up. Line shapes are drawn from horizon to horizon, occasionally converge, overlap, to a concern that this runway ancient flying machines. Here you can clearly discern the flying birds, spiders, monkeys, fish, lizards ..
Video will not, but I suggest look at the drawings in the Nazca Desert aerial view in 3D! So, read to the end.
Nazca — The desert in Peru, surrounded by low ridges of the Andes and the bare and lifeless hills of dense dark sand. The desert that stretches between the valleys of the Nazca and Ingenio, 450 kilometers south of the Peruvian city of Lima.
"For many centuries before the Incas on the southern coast of Peru was established historical monument unrivaled in the world and is designed for children. In size and accuracy is not inferior to the Egyptian pyramids. But if we look there, lifting his head to the monumental three-dimensional structures of simple geometric shapes, there is, on the contrary, we have seen from a great height on the wide open spaces, covered with mysterious characters, if connected on the plain of the giant hand. " With these words of the book researcher Maria Reiche Nazca desert. "The mystery of the desert." Mathematician and astronomer Maria Reiche specially moved from Germany to Peru to study the mysterious drawings. Perhaps it is the main researcher and the guardian of the desert plateau, where, thanks to her efforts, was established buffer zone. Reich was the first maps and plans of all the lines, areas and patterns.
Extremely impressive scattered between abstract shapes and spirals giant figures, the amount of which reaches tens and sometimes hundreds of meters. Of all the animals the most — the birds. A fantastic and quite authentically drawn, all depicted in the desert 18 birds. But there are very mysterious animals, such as a creature similar to a dog, with thin legs and a long tail. Images of people also found, although they are less distinctly drawn. There are images of people bird-man with the head of an owl, the size of this figure — more than 30 meters. And the size of the so-called "big lizard" — 110 meters!
Desert area of approximately 500 square kilometers. The surface of the soil here is amazing what is covered by a kind of engraving-like tattoo. This "tattoo" on the surface of the desert is not deep, but huge in size lines and shapes. It has 13,000 lines, more than 100 spirals, over 700 geometric pads (trapezoids and triangles) and 788 figures depicting animals and birds. This "etching" of the land stretches about 100 kilometers deep winding ribbon with a width of 8 to 15 kilometers. These drawings were discovered through photographs taken from an airplane. An aerial view shows that the shapes created by the removal of sandy subsoil with light brown stones coated with a thin black layer of so-called "desert varnish", which is formed by the oxide of manganese and iron.
Shapes and lines are perfectly preserved thanks to the arid climate of the area. Found in the desert wooden marker peg driven into the ground, has been carefully studied and subjected to radiocarbon analysis, which showed that the tree was felled in the year 526 AD Official science considers all these figures were created one of the pre-Inca period Native American cultures that existed in the south of Peru, and the flowering of which accounted for 300-900 years. BC technique of the great lines of these "drawings" is very simple. As soon as the cost to remove the top layer of darkened times dark rubble with a lighter lower layer, as appears konrastnaya band. Ancient Indians were doing on the ground first sketch of the future pattern of size 2 by 2 meters. These sketches are preserved close to some of the figures. The sketch each line broken into its constituent segments. Then, on an enlarged scale segments transferred to the surface via a rope and a wooden stake. With curved lines was much more difficult, but the ancient and coped with this by breaking each curve on a lot of short arcs. Needless to say, each figure is outlined only one continuous line. And perhaps the biggest mystery of the Nazca drawings is that their creators never seen and could not see them as a whole.
Quite the question is: for whom the ancient Indians have done so titanic work? An estimated Fields OKSNA, the researchers these figures to create complex shapes by hand Nazca took more than 100,000 years of working days. Even if the working day lasted 12 hours. Paul Kosok suggested that the lines and figures — neither more nor less than a gigantic calendar, which shows exactly the change of seasons. Maria Reiche test the hypothesis OKSNA and gathered overwhelming evidence that the drawings are associated with the summer and winter solstice. Fantastic bird's beak, with a neck length of 100 metroov, is at the point of sunrise at the winter solstice.
Some scholars have put forward the theory that that the figures were extremely religious significance, however, this version is questionable, because the religious building must necessarily affect people, and huge paintings on the ground completely perceived. Cartography of Hungary Zoltan Zelko believes that the Nazca objects — this is just a map of the area of Lake Titicaca on a scale of 1:16. A few years exploring the wilderness, he found plenty of evidence full confirmation of his hypothesis. In that case, who also designed this supergiant card? Mystery of the Nazca drawings is not completely solved.
Found an awesome website that offers look at the drawings in the Nazca Desert aerial view in 3D!