Located on the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard seed collection, so-called "Doomsday Vault", enriched with seeds of varieties of Peruvian potatoes in 1500, according to the organization Global Crop Diversity Trust, which manages the collection.
"Doomsday Vault" was opened February 26, 2008. Its facilities were carved into the rock and is able to withstand a major earthquake or getting a nuclear bomb. Currently stored in Svalbard seed more than 525 thousand kinds of cereal, making it the world's largest repository of collection of agricultural crops.
"Peruvian potato in danger. Climate change and disease threaten traditional farming in the Peruvian Andes. Sending seeds to the north ensures the preservation of the diversity of our potatoes," — he says Alejandro Argumedo, who became one of the initiators of sending seeds to the Arctic.
Potato is a traditional dish in Peru, in the highlands of South America it is used as food for the past eight thousand years, the report says. In Cusco Potato Park, which is located in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, potatoes are grown in many different colors and forms: black, white, purple, yellow and red. Only grown in the Andes for about 4 thousand varieties of potatoes, but it is in the Sacred Valley of the Incas are the best kind.
Climate change threatens traditional potato farming in the Andes, which is largely dependent on the weather, which leads to loss of biodiversity.
"Climate change is the fact that traditional techniques of collection can no longer provide an absolute guarantee. Sending seeds to Svalbard will spare valuable collection. Repository was created for the world community, and we intend to use it," — said a farmer Lino Mamani, who cited in the message.