Prophylaxis rickets should be comprehensive and must start before birth. Mom-to-be spend a lot of time in the fresh air, to a regime of work and rest, follow the nature of the food (take more fruits, vegetables, protein). In recent 3-4 months of pregnancy are advised to take a multivitamin preparations (daily requirement for vitamin pregnant D — 400 IU).
The best prevention of rickets for a new baby is breastfeeding. Should be a daily walk with your child, take out a stroller in the sun. Be sure to make your baby a massage, gymnastics is quenched it.
Specific prophylaxis begins with rickets3-4 weeks of age and continues until1-15 years. It is to receive 500 IU of vitamin D (in oily or aqueous solution) in a day, excluding summer.Reception Vitamin D can be alternated with courses of ultraviolet radiation on15-20 sessions twice a year. After completing the course of UV irradiation is not recommended to take vitamin D for 3-4 weeks.
Under adverse conditions, and premature babies dose of vitamin D may be increased to600-800 IU per day. By the way, give your baby vitamin D to be very careful, because an overdose leads to poisoning of children. Symptoms of poisoning may be a dramatic loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, at least — decreased urination and constipation. In order to prevent an overdose of vitamin D (higher doses of the drug) 1 times recommended in2-3 week to conduct a sample Sulkovicha. In the case of a positive test vitamin D overturned.
After baby transferred to adult food in the diet, be sure to include foods rich in vitamin D. This vitamin found mostly in animal products, such as liver, fish, milk, eggs, fish roe, fatty fish.
Vitamin D in breast milk and mixtures
There are several polar opinions on the content of vitamin D in breast milk and the need for prophylactic administration of the vitamin children who are breastfed.
Currently become increasingly popular position that full-term babies breastfed normally gaining weight and do not have the initial symptoms of rickets, do not need taking vitamin D. At the same time, a number of domestic experts believe that gpudnom milk vitamin D deficient and required preventive reception this vitamin.
As for artificial substitutes gpudnogo milk, although they are fortified with vitamin D (in average 40-45 100 IU per ml), but do not cover the daily requirement for this vitamin. By 6 years of age by the monthly pebenok receiving artificial vskapmlivanie, provided the number of vitamin D, the corresponding maximum 15-20% Of potpebnosti therein. Spavnitelno low absorption of vitamin HANDLING to the fact that in essence it is still the number two in the fold for below. Therefore, we must remember that even the best formula is not a sufficient source of vitamin D.