Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis.  Photo from r-factor.ru

What is it?

Psoriatic arthritis — an inflammatory disease of the joints in patients with psoriasis. Such arthritis develops in5-7 percent of patients with psoriasis. The appearance of skin lesions usually precedes the development of joint damage, but approximately 15% of patients developing arthritis to skin lesions.

Why did this happen?

The cause of psoriatic arthritis is unknown. Arthritis is more common and occurs when a distinct lesion of the skin, but a clear link between the degree and course of cutaneous and articular manifestations not. Aggravating factors in the development of psoriatic arthritis are often trauma-and infectious diseases.

What's going on?

Adrift psoriatic artirt resembles rheumatoid arthritis. The distinctive symptoms are:

  • Asymmetrical joint disease;
  • purple-bluish color of the skin over the affected joint tenderness and swelling of the joints;
  • early defeat the big toe;
  • heel pain;
  • frequent failure of several joints on his fingers — the formation of the so-called "finger in the form of sausages."

For psoriatic arthritis, in most cases detected and cutaneous manifestations of psoriasis that facilitates diagnosis.

Course psoriatic arthritis usually chronic with periods of exacerbation and improvement. Sometimes, there are signs of internal organ: the eye, infarction, urinary tract infections.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of "psoriatic arthritis"Rheumatologist put on examination and after consulting a dermatologist. To confirm the diagnosis the doctor will prescribe a blood from a vein for the determination of rheumatoid factor and the exclusion of rheumatoid arthritis. Also, be sure to do X-rays of the affected joints. If it affects the internal organs may need counseling and other physicians.

Treatment

Treatment of psoriatic arthritis should be comprehensive and take place in conjunction with a dermatologist. If untreated, psoriatic arthritis can severely distort joint and lead to disability.

At present, funds for the full treatment of psoriasis does not exist, but there are many techniques that can mitigate the ill effects. Modern drugs can control the disease, completely removing the symptoms of the disease. However, this requires constant medical supervision and regular treatment.

Treatment of psoriatic arthritis is similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. For treatment using anti-inflammatory agents, corticosteroids, immunomodulators. If necessary drugs are injected directly into the joint. In severe cases, psoriatic Arthritis can be cleansing the blood — plasma exchange. This reduces the effects of inflammation and relieves the symptoms of psoriasis.

Patients with psoriatic arthritis is shown spa treatment periods of exacerbation.

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