It's no secret that alcohol abuse is not only a medical and social but also psychological effects. And often they turn out to be a stumbling block on the way to getting rid of addiction. Not for nothing, and the Western and domestic school Addiction pays so much attention to psychological component of treatment for each patient. Just briefly on the basic psychological "ambush."
1. Preoccupation with alcohol
Alcohol predominates in the minds alcoholic. He thinks about drinking from morning to evening, remembers schedule of all the nearby shops, knows exactly where you can buy alcohol at night without any problems. This state can be briefly described as an obsession in the psychiatric sense of the word.
Obsession creates an irresistible attraction, and when the alcoholic comes to the shop or eatery, like nonspecial, it is run by an equally compelling need, as well as neurotic, concentrated washing your hands a hundred times a day.
The famous phrase is an alcoholic, "I can strike up at any moment!". But the moment will come some other time, but today — a special day, today there is a reason to drink. The reason can serve as anything from a friend's arrival to the Bastille Day. Even just having a drink — is an occasion. Consciousness alcoholic infantile. It is similar to a child who carries around a candy buffet, hoping that the parents do not notice it.
An alcoholic can say, exemplary victim of self-deception — the standard, which can be placed in the House of weights and measures. People are victims of a variety of ailments — even cancer, and they know how to be humble about it. But somewhere deep in the heart alcoholic knows all that he does, he does to himself in harm. He was not a victim of circumstances or illness, he is, in fact, criminal. With this alcoholic can not accept, so lying to everyone including himself.
No wonder many psychotherapeutic techniques, such as group therapy in "Alcoholics Anonymous," begins with the recognition of an alcoholic himself — a man totally dependent on alcohol.
Even the most inventive liar can not be unaware that his personality and his life is slowly but surely being destroyed by alcohol. Complaints and anger of his wife, friendly "advice" chief, night terrors, shaking hands, swollen and wrinkled face. In an increasingly rare "light" periods pops thought, "What am I doing? '.
Treatment of Alcoholism
The conclusion of the binge
Psychiatrist at home
Blockade of alcohol dependence
Detoxification and Coding
Unfortunately, too often to silence the guilt is used all the same alcohol, which only exacerbates the situation.
4. Memory lapses
Drunk in alcoholics are memory lapses, which are often attributed to a sense of guilt (on principle — one forgets that he does not want to remember). However, in alcoholics with amnesia guilt has nothing to do, they really do not remember, even if you really want to. The fact is that alcohol affects the biochemical processes occurring in the brain, which account for the functioning of such a complex manifestation of the higher nervous activity, as a memory. In nonalcoholic after "udavshegosya" feast, too, are the failures are not as frequent and not as full, but after they drink less.
Dips scare many alcoholics. Often it fits of amnesia led many drinkers to wonder whether it is time to tie? After all, being able to blackouts, man, nevertheless is conscious and completely energetic. It may seem perfectly normal, it is able to maintain a conversation, answer questions, even driving. A sober, and some do not realize that they have forgotten something. However, when they start to tell what happened to them, they are partially recalling memories of days gone by.
Sometimes memory plays an alcoholic cruel joke — during the regular drinking one can remember what happened last time, and what he could not remember sober. Alcoholics, for example, often say that drunk hide money or drink, and the next morning, sober, completely forget where and what to hide. And remember only after the next drink. This phenomenon resembles the training in a certain state.
5. Anxiety and Depression
Following the lifting should always fall for the euphoria of alcohol — Alcohol depression. In this case, depression and anxiety are not necessarily tied to withdrawal symptoms (hangover alcoholics). If you drink a lot of hard, trouble with the psychological state will periodically appear in a state of intoxication. Develop a kind of "swing": bad man (for example, a bad day), he drank to cheer you up, then he got sick again (hangover), he drank again to improve the state — and so on around the circle with the increase of dose of alcohol and reducing intervals between doses. This is a classic way to enter into the bout. But with the inverse problem — to break the cycle and get out of the binge — independently handle it, God forbid, one in ten.