Rite "pull Kalyada on oak" Village News Berezinsky area and laying the weaving tradition of red and white towels village Semezhevo Kopyl district recognized intangible cultural heritage of Belarus.
This was announced by Head of the Department of the traditional art of the Minsk Regional Centre of Folk Art Vitaly Kasperovich, BelTA has learned.
The decision was taken recently at the Scientific and Methodological Council on the historical and cultural heritage. The traditional ceremony of "pull Kalyada on oak" completes the Christmas festivities. 've Upgraded in the 1990s and has since been held annually. The ritual does not die because of the local folk ritual team. Collected a lot of photos, video, audio.
Action begins usually with Christmas decorations (depending on local traditions is either wagon wheel on which the hay and pot kutey or sheaf, or ram). Merry procession then goes to a tall tree, in which participants rite should be hanged or put Kalyada on oak — from the thunder and that storks settled. In some villages, the custom to break a clay pot with sticks kutey so porridge scattered in all directions as far as possible — for a good harvest. The victims of natural elements and the souls of their ancestors. In certain areas, and set fire to the hay so called spring.
Collateral weaving tradition in the village Semezhevo preserved for a long time, although this technique has been used to spread not only in Minsk, but in the Gomel and Mogilev regions. In XIX century, other regions have moved away from this method, the Kopylshchyne she used up to 80 years of XX century. Certainly more than 20 samples, woven by local craftswomen hand. Now the tradition continues in the school of weaving, which was founded in Semezhevo for joint EU-UNDP "Sustainable development at the local level."
Earlier in the Minsk region the status of historical and cultural value assigned to Christmas carols rite "kings" of the village Semezhevo Kopyl district (he made and on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage), a collective "deep sources" village Zakalnoe "Pavalyaki" Obchin village, "Crane" village Yaminsky Luban area rite "Schedrets" village Horn Soligorsk region. Much work to promote, research and preservation of folklore and ethnographic heritage, creative teams deployed concerts both in areas area and abroad.
By 2015, the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage Historical Belarus could make the technology of weaving belts village Sakovschina Volozhin district, popular fiction teller Lydia Mikhailovna Tsybulskaya Mogilno Uzda village of the district. The most promising for obtaining the status of historical and cultural value in the near future are such objects as "Lanskaya quadrille" (dance, characteristic village Lan Nesvizh region) Budslav Festival (Miadzieł district), the ritual call rain (Logoisk district).
Abrad "Tsyagnuts Kalyada on oak" veskі Naviny Byarezіnskaga Ryan i tradytsyі zakladnoga tkatstva red-white ruchnіkoў veskі Semezhava Kapylskaga Ryan pryznanyya nemateryyalnay kulturnay spadchynay Belarus.
Right geta pavedamіў zagadchyk addzela tradytsyynaga Mastatstva Mіnskaga ablasnoga tsentra Narodnaya tvorchastsі Vіtal Kaspyarovіch, provided Great karespandent learned.
This rashenne prynyata nyadaўna on pasyadzhennі navukova-metadychnay happy na pytannyah gіstoryka-kulturnay Spadchina. Tradytsyyny abrad "Tsyagnuts Kalyada on oak" zavyarshae kalyadnyya gulyannі. Iago abnavіlі ¢ 1990 reptiles i s Tago hour pravodzyats shtogod. Abrad not pamіrae dzyakuyuchy myastsovamu narodnamu abradavamu kalektyvu. Sabran mnostva phot-, vіdea-, aўdyemateryyalaў.
Pachynaetstsa dzeystva zvychayna ўprygozhvannya Kalyada h (y zalezhnastsі hell Myastsovy tradytsy geta Albo Cola ad carts on yakіm razmyashchaetstsa hay i garshchok s kutstseyu, album sheaf, album sheep). Zatym vyaselaya pratsesіya nakіroўvaetstsa vysokaga dreva yes, jo ўdzelnіkam abradu treba pavesіts abo pasadzіts Kalyada to oak — hell thunder i cab Buslov syalіlіsya. In American hookworm Vesco zahavalіsya zvychaі razbіvats palkamі glіnyany garshchok s kutstseyu so, off porridge razlyatselasya ¢ roznyya bakі yak magician distances — yes dobraga ўradzhayu. Geta ahvyara pryrodnym styhіyam i prodkaў souls. In asobnyh myastsovastsyah padpalvayuts hay i takіm chynam klіchuts Viasna.
Tradytsyі zakladnoga tkatstva ¢ vestsy Semezhava zahavalіsya s daўnіh chasoў, hots such tehnіka was raney raspaўsyudzhanaya not tolkі ¢ Mіnskay, ale i ¢ Gomelskay, Magіleўskay ablastsyah. W XIX stagoddzya іnshyya regіeny adyshlі hell geta metodykі on Kopylshchyne Well yang ўzhyvalasya much so 80 gadoў stagoddzya XX. Vyadoma great 20 uzoraў, vytkanyh myastsovymі maystryhamі ўruchnuyu. Tsyaper tradytsyі pratsyagvayuts tkatstva at school, yakaya stvorana ¢ Semezhava pas sumesnym praektse EU i ADL "Ustoylіvae razvіtstse on Myastsovy uzroўnі."
Raney at Mіnskay voblastsі status gіstoryka-kulturnay kashtoўnastsі prysvoeny kalyadnamu abradu "Tsary" veskі Semezhava Kapylskaga Ryan (en blown i ¢ Spіs nemateryyalnay kulturnay Heritage of UNESCO), kalektyvam "Glybokіya krynіtsy" veskі Zakalnae "Pavalyakі" veskі Obchyn, "Crane" veskі Yamіnsk Lyubanskaga Ryan, abradu "Shchadrets" veskі Salіgorskaga Ryan Horn. Pravodzіtstsa vyalіkaya Pratzen papulyaryzatsyі na, i dasledavannyu zahavannyu falklorna-etnagrafіchnay Spadchina, tvorchyya kalektyvy razgarnulі kantsertnuyu dzeynasts yak at Ryan, voblastsі, so i for myazhoy.
Yes 2015 Spіs nemateryyalnay gіstoryka-kulturnay Heritage of Belarus Mozhayev papoўnіts taksama tehnalogіya plyatsennya payasoў veskі Sakaўshchyna Valozhynskaga Ryan, folk prose kazachnіtsy Lіdzіі Mіhaylaўny Tsybulskay s veskі Magіlnae Uzdzenskaga Ryan. Often sold to perspektyўnymі atrymannya status gіstoryka-kulturnay kashtoўnastsі ¢ nayblіzheyshay buduchynі z'yaўlyayutstsa takіya ab'ekty yak "Lanskaya kadrylya" (dance for harakterny veskі Lan Nyasvіzhskaga Ryan) Budslaўskі Festival (Myadzelskі RANS) abrad vyklіku dazhdzhu (Lagoyskі RANS) .
Pa materyyalah http://www.prof-press.by/
Belarusian masters still are able to use an old loom