Scientists propose a system of monitoring of groundwater in the Baikal natural territory in connection with the active building of hotels and camp sites the lake, according to the report on the state of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources of Lake Baikal in 2011.
"There is a growing tourist load and especially the development of recreational facilities of the coastal zone of Lake Baikal. Preparation required target program for monitoring network, auditing, and recovery observations of closed areas, especially in the north of Lake Baikal (Severobaikalsk Nizhneangarsk, Cold)", — the report says.
According to scientists, uncontrolled sewage new buildings can lead to contamination of the lake with nitrogen.
As specified by the authors of the document, it is necessary to carry out hydrological monitoring of ground water, sanitation quality.
In addition, according to scientists, the lack of sufficient number of observation is impossible to obtain objective information about the state of groundwater Baikal natural territory.
Specific findings utonyaetsya in the report can only be done by section. For example, the nitrate levels in wells exceeds the standard of Petrovsk-Zabaikalsky. Scientists offer city services to take water out of the city.
At present, according to the report, groundwater monitoring is conducted in the framework of the federal program.
The area of the Baikal natural territory (BPT) is 386,000 square kilometers and is located on the land of three Russian regions: Trans-Baikal region, Buryatia, Irkutsk region. It includes Lake Baikal to the adjacent nature reserves and national parks, as well as an environmental buffer zone and atmospheric effects. In the central zone of the BPT are 141 settlements.
Lake Baikal — the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is about 730 meters, the maximum depth of the famous lake — 1637 meters. Every year from the lake by Angara 60 cubic kilometers of pure, biologically active water. The lake has 58 species of fish, of which the most famous are the cisco, whitefish, grayling, trout, sturgeon, golomyanka flax. Lake Baikal contains about one fifth of the world's surface waters of the Earth (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and other glaciers), and more than four fifths of fresh water reserves in Russia. In 1996, the Baikal was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.