Slavic rite perepekaniya child: a shovel — and in the oven? ..

Rite perepekaniya child (Belsky Municipal Museum,

"Scary" places in folk tales, Baba Yaga when Sinister tries to put on a shovel and put it in the oven Tereshechku / Ivashechko, actually — an echo of the ancient rite "perepekaniya child", which, despite its antiquity, was very tenacious and elsewhere persisted until the XX century, and even longer.

In addition to the records of ethnographers and historians, survived and literary references to this action, which was very common among our ancestors. For example, he was subjected to as a child Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, according Khodasevich, who left us a classic biography. True, the procedural details were not specified.

So "perepekanie child" — an ancient rite. In some places, people resort to it for the birth of a premature, sickly child, in the presence of rickets ("old dog"), the atrophy and other ailments. In others — were sent into the furnace of consecutive newborns. Why? That's what we'll talk.

It was believed that if the child was born prematurely, if it is weak or sick, it means that "not ripe" in the mother's womb. If so, then you need to bring it to the "desired condition" in order to not only survive, but also gained the necessary vitality.

Oven, as already mentioned, in the tradition of the ancient Slavs was a kind of reflection of the universe as the triune world: heaven, earth and the underworld, as well as a place of communication with the ancestors. Therefore turned to her aid to save the sick child.

Thus likened birth baking bread, but because in the classic version of "perepekaniya" baby previously daubed with rye (rye and only) test, leaving him free from his mouth and nostrils only. Dough, by the way, was also not easy, but the water brought by the dawn of the three wells, preferably — sorceress grandmother.

Plastered test my child laid on grain shovel, tied to it, and three were sent for a short time in a warm (not hot!) Furnace in which there is no fire. In some places, it is instructed to grandmother-midwife, the other — the mother, in the third — the oldest woman in the village.

Never perepekanie not been alone and is always accompanied by special words. But if the grandmother-midwife (where was the assistant to remove a child with a shovel), it was enough pobormotat something like "full sun, full sun, dog age", in other cases, the dialogue participants that mandatory process.
Its meaning is not only to spoken words, allusions, and maintained the rhythm in which it was necessary to send and return of the oven child that he choked. For example, if the ritual was supposed to operate a shovel mother, the door could be mother in law.

Entering the house, she asked, "What are you doing?" Daughter replied, "I bake bread," and with these words moved a shovel into the furnace. Mother in law said, "Well, bake, bake, but not Perepeka" and walks out the door, and the parent took out a shovel from the oven. A similar dialogue could happen to a woman who, three times surpassing the hut along the sun got up to the window and held the same conversation. By the way, sometimes getting up at the window a mother, and the stove was operating sorceress.
Russian stoves becoming smaller. Infant mortality, whatever you say, it is much lower than in the old days. Babies these days not overbake (unless placed in an incubator). Why should remember "old gray"? And remember, like a fairy tale geese stopped chasing children only after they got into an oven?
The stove can be conditional … After the process perepekaniya was not only a medical procedure, but also no less — symbolic.

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