Small private long-barreled gun with a rifled barrel is the main instrument of a fighter at least some of the army. South American TV channel "Discovery" again amused the world with his another rating tools, the results of which was chosen the best rifle of the twentieth century. Regardless of the kind of bias and partisanship gear «Military Channel», I believe that it is always useful to get acquainted with zabugornom eye on the topic of interest to us.
Each model was evaluated by military professionals for the accuracy of fire, combat effectiveness, originality of design, ease of use and reliability. Exhibited model guns were made throughout the twentieth century, it did not bother niskolechko professionals — in their opinion, is not a bad weapon used in small standing army of tens of years, and then gets a second life in regional conflicts, with which abounds in the twentieth century. To verify the validity of these words is quite recall Mosinskuyu "trehlineyku" standard in 1891, the Kalashnikov or the famous "Colt" M1911 — the index provides for itself, but even after 100 years, the gun does not seem anachronistic and until now massively used throughout world.
By the way, this is perhaps the only rating with fully predictable ending.
10th place — Rifle, beating spot.
Automatic rifle M14
Caliber: 7.62 mm
Muzzle velocity: 850 m / c
Rate of fire: 700-750 rounds / min.
Capacity: 20 rounds
During the second World War, the South American army faced with a big flaw in every infantry platoon has used three kinds of small weapons with different ammo: full-time automatic rifle M1 "Garand" (0.30-06 caliber) machine pistol "Thompson" .45 and a light machine gun, "Browning" M1918 (7.62 x 63 mm). The result of work on the theme of "universal small arms' was the creation of the M14 rifle, the cannon was taken into service in 1957 (complete with grenade launcher M76). M14 was used in a full-sized chuck of 7.62 (the powder charge is 1.5 times greater than that of the AK-47), this rifle had a huge effective range and the highest knockdown of ammunition.
But, in practice, brand new rifle was of little use to the fighting: Incredibly powerful ammunition is not allowed to conduct fire bursts without bipod — at a distance of 100 meters of the third bullet in the queue went out to 10 meters above the original target point. Most of the rifles were issued to soldiers with skim interpreter modes of fire — shooting bursts of M14 was less than an empty waste of ammo. After spending a couple of years, M14, Americans have adopted a new automatic weapon under maloimpulsny cartridge. In 1964, the M14 combat career as a major military rifle over, but the immense power and excellent accuracy of this poor machine have allowed to do on the basis of his special line of rifles — semi-automatic sniper rifle, M21, high-precision tool for special forces — M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle, Sniper Rifle TEI M89 -SR for the Israel Defense Forces, a rifle for the armed forces of Lithuania, etc.
9th place — first assault rifle
Automatic assault rifle Sturmgewehr 44
Caliber: 7.92 mm
Muzzle velocity: 650 m / s
Rate of fire: 500 rounds / min.
Capacity: 30 rounds
So a unique tool that its creation concealed even from Hitler. In the middle of the second World War, the Wehrmacht had the idea
the creation of new small pieces, combining in itself the highest rate of fire with a submachine gun and the power of long-barreled rifles. German designers found the perfect solution — the crotch cartridge 7.92 x 33 mm. Now the return is not automatic snatched from his hands, yet effective range and destructive power of conventional ammunition in full compliance with a long-barrel rifle. And thanks to the lower weight of the cartridge increased wearable ammunition.
How unfortunate it did not sound, to the success of the project got himself Uncle Adolf — on the happiness of our soldier, Hitler did not appreciate the merits of the perineum cartridge and closed the project. But much firepower machines so impressed war that began in 1943, bringing the total for the creation of the "left" designation MP-43. During one of his inspection trips leader of German civilization was surprised by the request fighter — they need more assault rifles. Despite the hype opened, Hitler without the help of other big name Fictions newcomer "vundervaffe» — Sturmgewehr 44 ("Hurricane rifle").
Despite the primitive structure, the German machine rightfully gets top marks for Innovative character design — to this day there is debate whether the famous Kalashnikov created under the influence of StG 44.
8th place — South American survivor
Rifle with a longitudinally-rotating bolt Springfield M1903
Caliber: 7.62 mm
Muzzle velocity: 820 m / s.
Rate of fire: 10 rounds / min.
Capacity clips: 5 rounds
South American rifle of the early twentieth century, one of the many successful designs made at the time. Precise and reliable instrument.
In 1941, the South American soldiers went into battle with the same rifles as their fathers 20 years ago. New rifles M1 "Garand" not ordinary enough, and the Marines had to use in battle Springfield M1903, but impartially rifle at the time was not out of date, surpassing all the Japanese standards for the main feature. Also used in Vietna
m as a special sniper rifle ("What's there not only was this Vietnam" — voskriknet reader, and will be right — it made war weapon from all over the world, from different time periods). In these days of "Springfild'y" carefully stored in almost all American families.
Not a bad weapon, but, in my opinion, the creators of transmission could find a more notable things for ratings. Americans gave tribute to their traditions, their rating — are eligible.
7th — Backwards
Automatic rifle Steyr AUG
Caliber: 5.56 mm
Muzzle velocity: 940 m / s
Rate of fire: 650 rds. / Min
Capacity: 30 or 42 rounds
Exotic design and technology of the Austrian rifles "Steyr AUG" became a real challenge to the traditions of the Army. Show in 1977, the complex of small guns Armee Universal Gewehr revealed a new direction in the design of small guns — machines on a "bullpup" in which the shutter assembly shop and placed behind the control knob and fire the trigger. This sets the rifle lightness and compactness, and increased accuracy. In the middle of other exciting features Steyr AUG: a set of quick barrels of different lengths (for substitution requires a dozen seconds), an integrated telescopic sight of low multiplicity, the absence of a translator fire mode (mode selection is the depth of pressing the trigger), the choice of the direction of the ejection — for the first time held adapting tools for right-handers and left-handers.
But, despite its outstanding technical properties and stunning Austrian quality, "Steyr" is not widely used in the world — except for the Austrian army, he made under license in Australia, is used in some Arab countries and in the United States Coast Guard. The unusual appearance of the machine scared off most of the potential customers.
By the way, the experts were wrong — the first automatic rifle, built on a "bullpup" Korovin was a machine made in 1945. Unfortunately, nedovedennaya design and small overall technical level of performance did not have allowed him to successfully pass the tests.
6th place — The beloved rifle Hitler
Rifle with a longitudinally-rotating bolt Mauser K98k
Caliber: 7.92 mm.
Muzzle velocity: 860 m / s.
Rate of Fire: 10-15 rds. / Min
Capacity: 5 rounds
The accepted into service in 1898 Reyhskheera Rifle "Mauser K98" swallowed a most promising achievements of the then armory of science. Among them: smokeless powder, clips of ammunition that can be simply inserted into the store, and, in the end, the longitudinal-rotating bolt — and the usual high-spirited, up to now used in most hunting rifles.
It is logical that the rifle came to the liking of the young corporal Adolf Hitler. In 1935, a shortened version of "Mauser K98" was adopted by the army, the Wehrmacht, received nazavanie "Mauser K98k."
In 1943, while preparing to assassinate Hitler (two planned to parachute elite sniper in Hitler's Alpine residence) before the British intelligence was a question: what kind of gun used in the operation. The answer was clear: only the "Mauser M98k" due to its high precision. Evenly situation changed, along with her plans were changed to eliminate Hitler mustache. In 1944, the British general to cancel the operation: Hitler orders his goofy Germany inflicted more harm than utility.
May 9, 1945 history of the Third Reich ended, but the story of "Mauser K98k" lasted. Kosher rifle has become the main tool of small IDF (although Americans cheat — in the first years of the IDF its small cannon was hodgepodge from around the world, and "Mauser" there was far not the main, and not the last).
5th place — The right hand of the free world
Automatic rifle FN FAL
Caliber: 7.62 mm
Muzzle velocity: 820 m / s.
Rate of fire: 650-700 rounds. / Min
Capacity: 20 rounds
FN FAL assault rifle became the emblem of the struggle of Western civilization as the standard of freedom and democracy — a tool supplied to 70 countries in the world, the United States is to this day. "Big Belgian trunk" first calculated on a shortened ammunition, but due to the standardization of weapons inside NATO was redesigned for the powerful South American cartridge 7.62 x 51 mm. Despite the excessive power, the engineers' Fabrique Nationale "managed to achieve more or less the applicable accuracy of fire in automatic fire. Came languid traditional rifle with a large destructive power, reliable and normal operation.
FN FAL was the main instrument of small Israeli Defense Forces during the Six-Day War, was used in the jungle of Vietnam and the Canadian divisions of the Australian Army, where he showed his best side, if the South American M16. Funny confusion occurred during the Falklands conflict — British marines and Argentine soldiers fired at each other from the FN FAL.
4th place — Implement favorites in the second world war
Automatic rifle M1 «Garand»
Caliber: 7.62 mm
Muzzle velocity: 860 m / s
Rate of fire: 30 rounds per minute.
Capacity clips: 8 rounds
The real legend, a sign of majestic generation Yankees. Fighter, armed with M1, felt in his own hands the real power — vosmizaryadnaya automatic rifle was the best in the world infantry weapon in that period of time.
M1 "Garand", named after the Canadian engineer John Garand, entered service in 1936 and remained the main rifle of the U.S. Army until 1957.
When millions of American fighter went to make war on foreign shores, the rifle M1 suddenly appeared Funny bug: the growth rate of John Garand used a weapon in its own automatic ejection empty packs — once sounded the eighth shot, cage clanged simultaneously flew out of the gate mechanism of the rifle. Very comfortable function in peacetime, but the enemy soldiers quickly realized that means specific sound — South American Gian unarmed. But all is not quite sure — maybe Stealther Marine snapped a spare clip of the shutter and threw the pack on the ground, waiting for when deceived by the Japanese would raise his head out of the shelter.
If we talk seriously, M1 "Garand" showed itself in the best possible way in a variety of weather criteria — in the tropical undergrowth of tropical islands, the sands of the Sahara or drifts Ardennes. About the reliability of the rifle prirekany did not appear. "Garand" was simple, powerful and possessed good precision shooting. The soldiers, armed with M1, waged war on all fronts of the second World War, the rifle was used in Korea and, despite the formal dismissal in store, often shimmering in the tropical undergrowth of Vietnam.
3rd — In the Service of the Empire
Rifle with a longitudinally-rotating bolt Lee-Enfield SMLE
Caliber: .303 British (7,7 mm)
Muzzle velocity: 740 m / s
Rate of Fire: 20-30 rds. / Min
Magazine Capacity: 10 rounds
For non-automatic rifles Lee-Enfield SMLE had a terrible rate of fire thanks to the success of the seal structure and store over-capacity, capable of holding 10 rounds (on this indicator Lee-Enfield SMLE has topped throughout the first half of the twentieth century). A trained shooter could make in a minute of her 30 shots, turning into a sieve target at a distance of 200 meters "Mad Minute" was one of the most spectacular rooms during performances the English army.
Density of fire Lee-Enfield SMLE comparable with the figures of modern automatic rifles and carbines. Not surprisingly, it is an instrument passed two world wars and has been used for a long time around the world, protecting the interests of the British Empire. In the period from 1907 to 1975 was issued 17 million of these rifles slaughter.
2nd place — Dark rifle
Automatic assault rifle M16
Caliber: 5.56 mm
Muzzle velocity of 1020 m / s.
Rate of fire: 700-950 rounds. / Min
Capacity: 20 or 30 rounds
In 2003, with the area occupied Iraq began to receive disturbing reports — many Iraqi soldier was killed by a shot to the head (head-shot). There the results of numerous massacres of prisoners. But why the dead bodies lying everywhere, neuzh something experienced executioners did not even bother to at least the decency to remove the evidence in the face of numerous international observers? Iraqi soldiers shot in the head, where they took their own last battle, leaning out of the tank hatches and windows of the houses, in the trenches and barricades. Often equipped with a tool in his hands.
The command of coalition forces to explain this phenomenon stunning accuracy M-16 rifles and a good preparation of American snipers. Thousands of people around the world do not have to breathe through M16.
For 50 years, the M16 is a mandatory attribute of the South American fighter. Despite the smallest receiver energy, power maloimpulsnogo cartridge 5.56 x 45 mm was completely is enough to suspend a person, often in contact with the body of the bullet began to tumble unimaginable, further increasing the wound channel. At the same time, reduced recoil and increased accuracy. The design of the automatic rifle is made of plastic and aluminum-doped, on the M16 had the lowest weight — only 2.88 kg empty.
"Black Rifle" — the nickname given to the M16 South American soldiers in Vietnam, but in spite of elegant appearance, with new instrument had a lot of problems. The mechanism of the machine could not resist getting mud and sand. Managed to solve the problem of sealing the rifle, for example, the window for the ejection spring-loaded shutter locks. In short, you should try, that got inside the M16 gryazyuka.
Americans recognize that the M16 has a good accuracy of fire, and the owner of his own, this "toy" asks attentive appeal. South American assault rifle is not suitable for guerrilla unit, it is designed for professional army, in which clean and lubricate the gun — everyday duty of every soldier. Instead, the M16 provides the ability to shoot from 500 meters to the enemy in the head.
1st place — 30 rounds of rock. Cannon bad boys.
Automatic assault rifle AK-47
Caliber: 7.62 mm
Muzzle velocity: 710 m / s.
Rate of fire: 600 rds. / Min
Capacity: 30 rounds
Universal machine for murder, the most lethal weapon of all ever made by man — according to statistics the number of people killed by a Kalashnikov assault rifle, repeatedly exceeds the number of victims of the atomic bombing killed or even any other method. Fifth of all global supplies of small weapons are Kalashnikovs. Countless large number of clones and modifications, 60 years military service in all corners of the hottest planet. By the number of armies, who took the gun for service, Kalashnikov can only compete with the FN FAL. AK-47 is located on the municipal flag of Mozambique.
As the Russian managed to achieve such is astounding results? South American specialists smile and shrug their shoulders — surely, this is the only case where America has lost the pieces to Russian Union. Prerequisites distraught popularity of the "Kalash" — low cost, ease of maintenance, reliability, dependability, and again RELIABILITY.
Rusty and mucky, buried in the sand or thrown with full force on the ground — a Kalashnikov rifle continues to shoot all the criteria. All that is necessary for its maintenance — a finger and a rag. It is not accidental shooting of "Kalash" experts compared with a game of rock: the same drive, the same reckless rubilovo without stopping. However, experts have found the machine legenadrnogo "flaw" — not a very good design (but ugly appearance Kalashnikov assault rifle for some reason is not affected its global commercial success.) Thanks to its own simplicity and efficiency in all the criteria "Kalash" was the faithful companion of the bandits, guerrillas and terrorists around the world. "Kalash" struggling energetically promoting in the United States — on the creation of the negative kind of hard especially Hollywood for sure, "Kalash" — an instrument of bad men.
That rating. AK-47 again in the first place:
Note: many of the phrases and utverzhdaeniya herein may seem unusual to you. Creator of everything just turned more ridiculous pieces of music professionals Military Channel.