Shipping — the English word for cargo (by ship, plane). From the point of view of the person who is at the level of the Stone Age, cargo newcomers — these are all very enticing items that are available in huge quantity from outsiders and who deliver their aircraft or ships — a pack of cigarettes, canned goods, knives, chewing gum, cans of- for beer and so on. Obviously, conclude the natives, the white strangers far away (in the sky over the sea) is the inexhaustible source of that cargo. And in order to access it, you need to perform all the rituals that are performed aliens.
A classic example of a cargo cult (and all such examples were about a hundred scientists) is associated with the same New Guinea. On one of the smaller islands off its coast Americans in 1945, at the end of World War II, equipped with a temporary airbase. There's constantly landed and took off the big "iron bird" who brought in their stomachs hundreds of soldiers and whole mount cargo. The soldiers were given to local residents knives, cigarettes and lighters. But the earthly paradise for Aboriginal ended as suddenly as it had begun. Americans after the victory over Japan was quickly extinguished air base and flew away. The flow of grace cargo dried up.
After a while, occasionally appearing on the island of the Dutch colonial administration officials-tion and the missionaries were surprised to see that the locals are busy confusing task. On the Americans abandoned airstrips they set prop "planes" of reeds and straw, at night, on these bands are lit signal fires. On the territory of the abandoned airbase natives pulled "wires" made of plant fibers and installed bamboo "antenna" with "insulators" lumps of rolled up leaves. The elders of the tribe all day muttering unintelligible words in the "microphone", made of wood, and the young Papuans march on the parade ground with bamboo "rifles" on their shoulders. Indoor abandoned hospital are busy "doctors" and "nurses", and next to the runways were built large huts, warehouses for receiving cargo.
Dutch first tried to persuade the natives to give it a futile exercise, but then gave up on them. The cult continued to exist for several years — very much, apparently, wanted to have "tolerance" to the blessed source of cargo! To be continued …
Of course, the natives had their own problems, but they have not thought of what dreams crow, for example. But modern people often resort to dream book.
- cargo cult