The manifestations of autism in children

The manifestations of autism in children.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Children with autism, from the first months of life, characterized by certain features of development. First, a baby early to avoid all kinds of interactions with adults: it is not pressed against the mother when she picks him up, not stretching his arms and reaches for it, as it makes a healthy baby, does not look in the eyes, avoiding direct gaze. He often prevails peripheral vision (better perceive the space around a fixed point than the point itself), or it can not respond to sounds in his name, which often leads one to suspect these children have hearing loss (which in reality is not).

A characteristic feature of the mental development of autism is contradictory, ambiguous manifestations of his disorder. Autistic baby can be highly intelligent and mentally retarded, can be gifted insome area (music, mathematics), but it does not have the simplest of household and social skills. One and the samebaby in different situations can be awkward, and can demonstrate the amazing motor dexterity.

The mental factor of autistic children are often more than 70 points on a scale stoballnoy. These children show abilities — sometimes just brilliant — a drawing, music, design. They are called "islands of knowledge", and those who have them are called "scientists autistic." The other areas of life are affected not at all interested in the child.

Autistic child is very linked own the stereotypes. Whole His inner world is gripped in a rigid framework, the output of which is a tragedy for him. This is due primarily to the so-called neophobia — fear of anything new. However, phobias, these children may develop on anything. In particular, autistic children often suffer from sensory phobia — fear of household electrical appliances, publishing harsh sounds, noise, water, darkness or bright light, closed-door, high-necked clothes, etc.

When an autistic child is particularly bad, it may show aggression and self-injury. The explosion of despair destructive force directed generally against interfering in his life and attempts to change the stereotypes. The selectivity of the contacts and the lack of apparent affection even to close people stems from the fear of the whole system, and because of this — and self-imposed restrictions.

It features inflexibility "made", "mechanistic", "parrot". Often gives the impression of punching. One of the striking characteristics of the speech of an autistic child — eholalirovanie — often delayed, the repetition of the heard anywhere phrases out of touch with the real situation.

Family Problems Autistic baby

Trouble families with autistic child, first of all, that the awareness of the problem often comes suddenly. The difficulty of establishing contact and interaction are balanced in the eyes of parents soothing impressions that cause serious, smart look of a child, his special abilities. Therefore, at the time of diagnosis, sometimes family is going through a severe stress: three, four, sometimes even five years, parents report that their child which still considered a healthy and talented, in fact, "unteachable." Often, they immediately offer disability-adjusted or put it in a special boarding school. The state of stress for the family, which continues to "fight" for their child, from this point on often becomes chronic.

The biggest problem the lot of moms Autistic child, since its birth, it does not get positive emotions, just the joy of communion, with interest covering all the hardships and fatigue associated with daily worries and anxieties. The child does not smile at her, do not look into the eyes, does not like to happen on the hands, and sometimes it does not even distinguishes it from other people, does not give a visible preference for contact. The consequence of this is the development of her depression, irritability, emotional exhaustion.

Characteristically, the need for communication in autistic children initially not compromised. Such a child may be deeply attached to the loved one, and the human face is as important for him as for any other — only eye contact he can sustain only a very short time. Thus, the autistic child rather not be, is unwilling to communicate with other people.

Fathers tend to shy away from the daily stress associated with raising an autistic child, spending more time at work. However, they too are experiencing feelings of guilt, frustration, though not talk about it so openly, as a mother. In addition, they go to a special material burdens of care-giving for the "difficult" child, which is felt even more acutely because of what promises to be a long-lasting, virtually life-long. In special situations grow brothers and sisters of children: the psychological and domestic terms, they are also experiencing some difficulties, and the parents in this situation are often forced to sacrifice their interests.

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