Russia supported the draft decisions of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun, which is actually a development of the ideas laid last year in the Copenhagen Accord, told RIA Novosti the head of the Russian delegation, presidential adviser on climate change, Alexander Bedritsky.
A few hours ago, the delegation received two draft decisions to be taken within the two negotiating "tracks": a long-term cooperation (LCA) and the Kyoto Protocol.
Paper on LCA — a prototype of future post-Kyoto agreement — is a whole package of documents relating to developing countries, emission reduction measures, mechanisms, "climate" of funding mechanism for the protection of forests REDD, the problems of monitoring and reporting — MRV.
"This is a set of documents, which are in fact solutions of transition from the old format to the Kyoto Protocol to a new global agreement. I hope it will be accepted, and it will be the historical merit of Cancun" — said Bedritsky.
"They need to be taken. We will do everything that they had been taken. I believe that no country would risk his reputation (in order to defeat the new agreement)," — said the representative of Russia.
According Bedritsky, in fact, although it is not present in the title, the new document outlines the agreements that were reached in Copenhagen in 2009. In particular, the project includes the commitment by developed countries to help developing countries — a "quick funding" totaling $ 30 billion, and long-term assistance in the amount of $ 100 billion for the period until 2020.
In turn, the Russian head of the observer in the negotiations Climate Programme WWF Russia Alexei Kokorin told RIA Novosti that the new document greatly expanded provisions that have been identified only in Copenhagen. In particular, it provides a special role "countries in transition" (which includes Russia), who will have access to a "green" technology.
In addition, the draft decision review mechanism aims of the agreement on the basis of new scientific evidence.
You can not come to Kyoto for the second time
Bedritsky said that Russia is and opposed the extension of the Kyoto Protocol for the second period, but intends to work actively for the first time to participate in the trading mechanisms and develop joint implementation projects.
"Our firm belief is that to achieve the goals outlined scientists in the 4th IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC), can only be together," — said Bedritsky, recalling that according to the findings of climate scientists of irreversible climate change can be avoided by limiting warming to two degrees.
According to him, the Kyoto Protocol severely restricts collaboration, and the extension of the protocol in the second period has no effect on climate.
"We worked on the decisions that affect the functioning of the first commitment period, the end of this first period," — said the Russian representative.
He stressed that Russia is interested in the business to actively participate in joint implementation projects, the implementation of mechanisms of emissions trading in the flow of technology, "which will help us modernize our energy in some part, utilities, to reduce emissions."
Bedritsky complained that some media are trying to "shift the blame on others", accusing Russia of "destruction" of the Kyoto Protocol.