Exactly 20 years ago, August 13, 1990, the first and the last president of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree "On the restoration of the rights of all victims of political repression 1920s and 50s." Soon the Soviet republics began the rehabilitation process repressed, which, however, evolved under different scenarios. For example, in Belarus, with the arrival of Alexander Lukashenko process has been minimized, and under Stalin's brand of "enemies of the people" are still thousands of innocent people.
Researchers estimate that as victims of political repression in the Soviet Union were more than 30 million people. Since the mid-1950s, after the death Joseph Stalin, began the process of rehabilitation. Solutions have been canceled, according to which in remote areas of Russia exiled whole peoples, declared illegal the decision of extrajudicial NKVD handed down in political affairs.
In the 1960s, the rehabilitation process is on the decline — the power officials are themselves afraid of scale genocide of his own people. There has been a significant shift in the early 1990s, when the company began to learn the truth about Stalin's crimes. However, the lists of the Russian human rights organization "Memorial" so far, there are about 3 million victims of political repression. As the chairman of the Belarusian section of the "Memorial" Siuchyk, in this list, and many Belarusians, but in the current conditions of their rehabilitation is hardly possible:
"Of course, it is for us a very important date because of communist repression was really very difficult to Soviet society. But I must say that in those days in Belarus also doing some work on restoration of historical justice. Even before this date, the Belarusians have learned about Kurapaty learned other crime scenes. created was the "Martyrs of Belarus" — an organization similar to the Moscow "Memorial." Then the rehabilitation of victims of political repression, but, unfortunately, it was discontinued in the mid-1990s. I is closely associate with the genesis the current government, but after the 1995 rehabilitation of victims of political repression stopped and will resume the process, I think, after the departure of the current regime. "
Historian Anatoly Sidorevich, nereabilitavanyh remain in some people, which in other countries are considered the pride of the nation. The whole of August democratic community celebrates the 100th anniversary of the famous poet Larissa Heniyush which modern ideologues still considered an "enemy of the people":
"Before the decree of the Presidium of the Council of Ministers for those who have been arrested, or rather, a prisoner sentenced to hard labor for the death of court. Ie -" three "," two ", etc. The fact that the court, in accordance with the Constitution and laws (as the "two-three" did not provide any laws) — are subject to review in a particular case, with respect to each individual defendant. Another thing is that we often had at the time (but it can be argued that and we have now) so-called comedy of the court. Whenever I hear, for example, you need to rehabilitate Larissa Heniyush, first of all, I would not require rehabilitation, and the publication of its investigation of the case and the trial record. then every person who is more or less what does get into law, would have seen — it was not justice, but the most common mock trial. Publication of these lawsuits should stand in the first place. "
Human rights activist Siuchyk, in turn, adds that there is still not rehabilitated not only individuals, but entire national zapadnobelorusskie organization, the Union of Belarusian youth, other liberation association:
"Moreover, even anecdotally, there are times when compared with our neighbors. Thus, the participants held a rehabilitation Ukrainian national liberation movement. But the fact that some of the participants Ukrainian liberation movement has been condemned by the courts of the BSSR. Due to the" gebeshnom "reserve which was formed in our territory, these people are not exonerated from the point of view of law in Ukraine. Because Ukrainians could not ensure that the Belarusian courts perform what is being done in Ukraine. situation we have very bad. Belarusian public just celebrated its 100th anniversary Larissa Antonovny Heniyush, classic of Belarusian literature, which had Soviet citizenship, which was virtually a force in violation of the rights granted to the massacre of Communist Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union and who was a prisoner of the Gulag. And even Heniyush nothing has been done in the rehabilitation, despite the fact that the representatives of the Belarusian public constantly dealing with this issue. "
In addition, Anatoly Sidorevich draws attention to the fact that there are people who condemn the Soviet authorities did not have time, but of which for decades zdekavalasya morally. Rehabilitation of the good name, according to Mr. Sidorevich — no less important than the proof of innocence:
"There is a large chain of people that no one is judged, but are misrepresented. They lived quite legally in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada. For example, when I argued that Dr. Boris Rogule hands stained with blood, I'd say there's a simple thing — to collect all the evidence of his "war crimes and crimes against humanity" and deliver the King's prosecutor in Toronto, where he lives. And if the evidence will be valid, the Royal Mounted Police will soon get under his white hands and give it justice. So, as of now 80-year-old grandfather tried for his crimes in Sobibor. But one thing — propaganda, because it was possible to tell a story Stanislav Stankevich, Mayor Borisov on Mose Sednief, on Olesya Nightingale, other. The second case — legally verified facts. A legally verified evidence that would indicate that at least these named individuals have committed crimes against humanity, no. And here we are entering a phase of policy, not law. "
Human rights activists say that in all legal provisions of the non-pecuniary damage caused by illegal repression, should be compensated. However, the question of financial compensation as not in the plans of the Belarusian authorities before, so it is not considered now.