German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a visit to Belgrade, has put forward the main condition for Serbia's entry into the European Union — a de facto recognition by the Serbian authorities, self-contained Kosovo and establishing a dialogue with him. The speech of the German Government was couched in ultimaticheskih colors. It seems that Germany set about rebuilding the Balkans by their own standard, the cornerstone of which — the greatest weakening of Serbia.
Not so long ago, Serbian President Boris Tadic has long thought that his country was closer to EU membership. Indeed, in recent months, to the Hague court were given to former Bosnian Serb army commander Ratko Mladic and last favorite of Serbian Krajina in Croatia, Goran Hadzic. Their delivery was listed as a basic condition for the start of negotiations with the EU. But Merkel has given to understand that Serbia need to do "something else" that outweighs the issue of the Hague all politicians or generals.
"Official Berlin sees Serbia's future in the EU. But it should be as fast as possible to achieve positive results, including those in the process of direct talks between Belgrade and Pristina on the normalization of bilateral relations. Besides, Germany against all one-sided actions aimed at solving the conflict in Kosovo . This is — a prerequisite for the country's accession to the European Union "- Merkel said at a joint press conference with Tadic.
"We need to strive for progress. I know that these difficulties are not promptly addressed. But we need to work on that," — German Chancellor highlighted. It is here where the Serbs have thrown respective plan. Say, you need to remove the Kosovo parallel administrative structures and promote trade. Translated from the diplomatic means follow: northern Kosovo is still subordinate to Belgrade must recognize power Albanians and Serbia to accept that. Economic blockade edge Serbs also have to be removed.
One only of Kosovo are not limited to German demands. To continue to have the opportunity to join the EU, Serbia, according to Merkel must reform the administrative and legal system provide legal protection of national minorities. Again we read between the lines: Now in the Serbian Vojvodina live about 400 thousand Hungarians in Sandzak — more than 200 thousand Slavic Muslims in the Presevo valley — up to 60 thousand Albanians. And the interests of these groups "do not have to suffer just as in his time, Slobodan Milosevic tried to" restrain "the Kosovo Albanians. Fully may be, it is done with an eye on their rejection.
Was in negotiations Merkel in Belgrade and the financial component. Namely, it is claimed by the Serbian authorities' capacity expansion of the market economy. " What is the capacity expansion of the market economy on the basis of EU law — you can look at the example of the European Union have already entered the former socialist countries. This opening up of markets and the admission of foreigners to the tastiest pieces. As a result, under the control of German companies have been, and industrial enterprises and banks.
To somehow mitigate the effect of ultimaticheskih own words, Merkel praised the Serbian authorities for their perseverance in the way of bringing the country closer to European norms. For its part, President Tadic, swallowing a huge part of the German requirements referred to Germany, "the main partner of Serbia in the EU." Then he (as the situation permits) have tried to make an objection guest from Berlin on Kosovo and put your vision.
"We are now facing the region with very complex neuvvyazkami, one of which is Kosovo and Metohija. Our country does not need to push for dialogue with Kosovo, we are interested in solving this difficulty. We have no illusions about the fact that Serbia can enter in the EU and the unresolved conflict. Europe has enough of its own problems and conflicts, and Serbia is to first resolve the conflicts on the territory of the Western Balkans, "- said Serbian President.
According to Tadic, Serbia will not recognize Kosovo's separation. He urged the country not to force it to choose between the EU and this edge. "Politics" Kosovo or the EU "is incorrect and issued an ultimatum, contrary to European values and should be avoided. Need to find a flexible, creative solution that does not affect the normal life of the people and does not impinge on the dignity of either the Albanian or the Serbian people, and not endanger the adjacent states ", — the president of Serbia.
"In these circumstances it is necessary to find a flexible, creative solution that will not interfere with the normal life of people do not violate the dignity of either the Albanian or the Serbian people, will provide the opportunity euro path and will not create new hazards adjacent countries" — highlighted Serbian favorite. In conclusion, he expressed the hope that the European Union (including Germany) will be evaluated by Serbia on the same aspects as the other candidates for membership in the organization.
The comments of the Serbian favorite hard to disagree. Only here the tone of German Chancellor leaves no hesitation is that on the same aspects as the other candidates for EU membership, Serbia will not be graded. Practically speaking, the negotiations with the favorites Kosovo Albanian Serbian authorities were for many years, but there is no result. And to get it, with the "inspection" in Belgrade came Frau Merkel. At the same time pushing it in only one way — the Serbian. And the result can be only one: the recognition of Kosovo by Belgrade.
There needs another slip of the tongue: not just the recognition of Kosovo and its recognition within the boundaries of the autonomous province within Serbia and Yugoslavia. Not so long ago, during a visit to Pristina, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle gave realize that the revision of the edge boundary can not be on the agenda forward to. As can be still living in the north Kosovo Serbs are also official Belgrade must recognize new realities. Since so Germany said.
Practically speaking, nedavneshney stories in an attempt to Kosovo Albanian authorities to take control of the checkpoint on the border with Serbia, Germany almost won the Kosovar side. The fact that their actions have provoked the latest outbreak of violence, the Germans ignored. But the fact that the Serbs on both sides of artificially made by NATO bombings in 1999 borders do not want to be completely separated from each other, the Germans resented. And they claimed from Belgrade to "take action" to the Serbs.
Germany surprised the band itself is not necessary. She still believed in the XIX century Balkans zone of their own strategic interests, and the main enemy in the way of their realization — Serbia, for which many seemed to see the shadow of. During the second world war, Hitler went to the largest fragmentation of Serbia, on the transfer of part of its territory of Hungary and Bulgaria, to the actual rejection of Kosovo on the establishment of anti-Serb independent state of Croatia (NDH).
First, the 1990s already combiner chancellor Helmut Kohl did everything in order to force the breakup of Yugoslavia. There are up to 1998 to power a coalition of limited CDU / CSU and the liberal "Free Democrats" the first to recognize Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, prozhimala these solutions in the EU and the UN, almost incited war. In 1995, the German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel welcomed bloody flogging Croatian authorities over the Serbian Krajina. Bundeswehr aircraft bombed Bosnian Serb positions.
The policy of punishment Serbia Kohl continued in the case of Kosovo. He called to punish Bel
grade in 1998 — a year before the NATO bombing. Sami bombing (again with the role of the Bundeswehr) has occurred at a time when the government in Berlin was a coalition of Social Democrats and "greenish", but the process has been started earlier. Read the German left-wing pro-Serbian language is not turnover, but their anti-Serb sentiment is not as radical as from the right. Now in power again coalition of Christian Democrats and Free with all the ensuing consequences.
Germany says aggressively with Serbia, achieving their goals. And resist its pressure the Serbs will be oh how difficult. Half a million Serbs is on earnings in Germany, and in which case they will be deprived of sources of income. Economy devastated by bombing Serbia in almost no dependence on Germany and the already enormous. Serbia is now virtually on his knees, and Germany aims to secure a similar situation and dodelit Serbia to become a major and decisive force in the Balkans.