MiG — 19. China bids farewell to a legend

The People's Liberation Army of China "goodbye" to the most famous for its martial fighter J-6 — a copy of the Russian MiG-19
Last weekend news channel of China Central Television showed extraordinary reportage. At a military airfield was a farewell for the latest fighter J-6. "Veteran" is not simply written off quietly in store. Fighter, who faithfully served for more than forty years, China staged a festive farewell.

The last batch of fighters used for training purposes in Jinan military environment. Now J-6 unassembled transported to one of the warehouses PLA Air Force, where they will gather again and will be carefully stored. Some machines will join the museum's collections, because it really is about the famous fighting machine.

J-6 — a copy of the Russian MIG-19 — the first generation of supersonic fighter manufactured in the PRC on Russian license. In addition, it is the most popular aircraft, manufactured in the history of the Chinese aviation industry. Over 20 years in the PRC redundant produced about 4,000 combat vehicles.

In the creation of the Union of Russian MIG-19 was discontinued in 1957 — they were replaced by more modern and faster machines. The fate of the Chinese relative "nineteenth" has developed as a much more happily.

The foundation was laid in the late 50's. In 1957, between the Russian Union and China signed a contract for the licensed production of MiG-19P and engine RD-9B. MiG-19P was an all-weather interceptor, radar and kitted out with 2 guns (in China, he received the title of J-6). A bit later, Moscow and Beijing signed a similar agreement MiG-19PM, who were armed with four missiles "air-to-air." The last, in 1959, the license was transferred to the MiG-19C with cannon armament.

USSR gave the Chinese side of techno records and 5 disassembled MiG-19P. In March 1958, an aircraft factory in Shenyang began to build fighters. First plane set of Russian spare parts flew into the air December 17, 1958 A first flight of the Chinese J-6 construction took place at the end of September 1959, the 10th anniversary of the founding of the PRC.

But it took another four years to make the creation of these in-line machines. Threading assembly J-6 in Shenyang began only in December 1963.

Since the mid 60's. J-6 was the main machine, which stood on the protection of air borders of China. From 1964 to 1971 year Air Force pilots and naval aviation China's J-21 6 killed an intruder air space of the PRC. Among them, Taiwan amphibious HU-6 "Albatross", knocked over the sea January 10, 1966 Did not work without losses — in 1967 in a battle with Taiwanese F-104C "Starfighter" destroyed two fighter J-6.

J-6 fighters and made modifications to its base form the basis of the strike power of Chinese aviation, right up to the second half of the 1990s. China has used fighter jets during the armed conflict with Vietnam in 1979, which is often referred to as the "first socialist war."

J-6 was used a couple of times pilots defected. Three such incidents associated with the flight of Chinese pilots in Taiwan, two — in South Korea. In April, 1979 Chinese pilot on the J-6 attempted to flee to Vietnam, but died after fighter crashed into a mountain. Last defector — Lieutenant Wang Baoyu — flew over the Soviet-Chinese border in the Mount Table 25 August 1990. Russian side through the four day or handed to the authorities of China and fighter, and pilot. Wang Baoyu was sentenced to the death penalty, which was later replaced by indefinite detention.

Plane unique not only a long-term history, and widespread throughout the world. Export versions of the J-6 is an F-6 and FT-6 (trainer version). China has supplied these fighters extensively to Asia and Africa. The first customers began in 1965 Pakistan. Export modified J-6 has also received the Air Force Albania, Bangladesh, Vietnam, North Korea, Cambodia, Egypt, Iraq (via Egypt), Iran, Tanzania, Zambia, Sudan and Somalia.

While in China this aircraft is already in stores, it is possible that some copies of the famous J-6 machine as before are in service in developing countries.

Saluting the aircraft lined up in a row, the Chinese soldiers on the tarmac with a noticeable sadly parted with the famous machines. After which the aircraft was decorated brightest reddish bows. And then — the usual photographed on a background receding "military friends". For memory. The memory of himself for J-6 left in China is very good.

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