Such acts occur in the military use of aviation means of air combat. Implementation BPLS has become almost commonplace in the armies of most of the big states. On the processes of optimization tools underwater weapons and their military use disk imaging sources report back significantly less often.
At the stage of the emergence and improvement of ships carrying out combat tasks in the supply position, used only a small submarine. The presence of armed and navies of many countries large-scale submarines with a displacement of 10 tons of thousands currently being considered as a hyper-technocratic event since the arms race and the failed attempts of creation of global military superiority for world domination. After all, that is the principle of the miniaturization of the dimensions of equipment that when it decreases the possibility of observing very nick all kinds of underwater exploration enemy warship, which significantly extends the capabilities of its combat deployment. Find a submarine that size, their speed, the intensity of all types of radiation and shumopogloschaemostyu is no different from the larger population of the deep sea, it is not a very common problem. On this almost able to even the most modern means of detecting underwater.
The development concept for the creation of the modern submarine
It happened that the first submarine small size did not have the same level of protection that are owned by the modern submarine. The capacity for long-term self that is independent of energy swimming, remained a distant hope. The introduction of nanotechnology, and all the discoveries associated with the use of small in size but functional systems were in an embryonic state. Their development has been complicated by the process of discovery and implementation of the designers had a hard time. The big breakthrough came in the last 10 to 15 years, when it moved from the spot.
Designers and scientists were able to solve the basic problem of — to introduce modern technologies, allowing to lead to optimize the size of submarine combat vehicles. At their disposal there Microsources high energy capacity. With the introduction of navigation systems and high-quality acoustic instrument the opportunity to constantly track the position of the goals and their own residence.
Modernization of the modern submarine combat systems are very functional impact on military equipment, as its size and configuration. They are characterized by the ability to use light-weight and the highest level of automation, including and in matters of identification and destruction of targets. All this was made possible due to the introduction of an inclusive approach in the creation of projects submarines, which are positioned as some elements of the global system, necessary for the implementation of the program over the highest level.
At the same time, such a concept of using small submarines — not to risk bolshennymi submarines in the area of active opposition from the enemy — were used by the Nazis in 1939-1945. Striking example, the attack on the British fleet flagship "Tirpitz" in 1943, where she took part division of small submarines. Also in naval history there is evidence of an attack German Navy combat swimmers on British ships, which employ a small submarine.
The introduction of mini-submarines in special operations
The introduction of mini-submarines in special operations at the beginning was the main task, why create these small vessels snorkeling. It came out before the second world war. In the list of their combat missions came unlawful delivery, landing and recovery of marine special forces squad of fighters.
Small submarine that served to rescue people in the water, were introduced to the fleet already in the 60-ies of XX century. Their basic unit is still difficult to boats used for subversive activities, and in fact nothing did not undergo the same configurations to this day. The only thing — the fact that now there is a remotely operated submarine, and "machines". These submarine operated vehicles are very popular in almost all fleets and are very similar in functionality. For example, rather to give an example with the British boat Scorpio, spent an operation to rescue the crew of Russian "babies" in 2004 at the Kamchatka coast.
The introduction of mini-submarines in demining operations
As the latest generation of mini-submarines in the mid 90-ies of XX century were presented PPA — an autonomous unmanned underwater vehicles type. From now, experts at the U.S. Navy will study the issue of remote mine waters and other marine sites "Baby» NMRS, equipped with microwave radar side acts that were issued through the holes torpedo systems, with management produced by "fiber". These devices intended to equip the submarines of the "Los Angeles" and "Virginia", but in the process of testing tests negative results, and therefore the project was canceled in 1999. The next step was the introduction of the Boeing Company independent navigation aids, which are controlled by radio. To the ability of these devices should include the study of search area up to 100-130 sq. km 24 hours, with all this by determining the position of mines within a radius of up to 70 m
In the middle of modern product should be allocated DSRV (USA). The team can do their functions without special equipment. DSRV is secured in its stowed on the outside of the superstructure of nuclear submarines of the "Los Angeles", which are specially adapted for the carriage of these "little ones", as the nuclear submarine "Virginia" and "Ohio". This underwater vehicle is not used for active overcome the anti-sabotage protection, but at the same time, adjusted for the "splashdown" special forces assault on the enemy's coast. Special group may be premature to do site preparation area to prepare for the reception of a severe assault. It is engaged in the installation of beacons, establishing communication systems and optical reconnaissance. From time to time on the "wet" area of nuclear submarines is set waterproof box — Dry dock for the underwater, where the team and the landing gear is in the light of dive
rs. In addition, these "babies" are used to perform life-saving functions in the evacuation of the crew submarine tragedy victim.
Implementation of scientific devices for military purposes
The practice and application of scientific devices for military purposes. Thus, the PPA Seahorse, designed in the bowels of the Institute g.Pensilvaniya to order the sailors, had to make a purely scientific functions. But experience has shown that its implementation can be carried out in a broader spectrum. Because of the multi-function devices had to increment size — PPA does not pass into the everyday torpedo tube, but only from PU, located vertically, which can only be of type submarine "Ohio". Seahorse provided a large database tool that allows you to use it, for example, for demining of marine research.
Another option research vessel — REMUS 1990 in the middle of the XX century, was designed and made at the Institute of Oceanography at Woods Hole. Hydroid licensing company has already made about 3 of hundreds of such acts, which came out very variable. For example, in 2003 specifically NPA REMUS, equipped optics and microwave radar side view, to assist Yankees clearance port of Umm Qasr in less than three days.
Incidentally, on the mines is too early to give up: There are certain design, and maybe soon there will be such mined devices to be able to identify and destroy submarines, mine. The implication is that the work on the removal of minefields will be very costly.
Systems for underwater environment
The strategy and the strategy of modern naval combat is of great importance introduction and placement of lighting underwater situation (FOSS). A novelty was verbovanie mini-submarines as objects of FOSS.
The fact that the military government should be aware of the tactical situation on the sea, traffic routes surface ships and submarines and their weapons, places of deployment. FOSS today require a huge amount of different devices for specific purposes, which are located in the deep sea .. Their installation and operation of control — one of the main problems facing the NPA. Apart from this, this type of mini-submarine as Bluefin 1 2, which is equipped with a side view of a microwave radar with a frequency of 455 kHz and a resolution of about 10 cm is used for clearance also to reconnoiter the area to area aqua special operations.
Creating a universal PPA
Military scientists of the state believe that the culmination of shipbuilding submarines will be the creation of a universal automatic machine with more functions.
Create NPA Manta
Since 1996, the South American military scientists are developing the latest military submarine base at Manta in Newport. It is adapted to be mounted on submarine SSN 794 (fore submarine will be fixed 4 PPA). Mini-submarine, in the shape of the ramp does not violate the hydrodynamics and the overall architecture of the media "babies." At the moment, the physical dimensions of the ANP practiced in different versions.
Manta, whose basis is calculated and verified in reality, the output assembly with flow may reach the level of the most powerful and feature-rich submarine in the world. After the release overboard NPA is completely self-contained, although the link with the Premier League, "uterus" operates constantly. The control system is based on a personal PPA combat computer program that is installed on board a private ship control system, sonar station, communication equipment at various levels. Experienced standard MTV was tactical and maritime tests conducted in 2007-2008. The results were satisfactory. In the middle of the functions conferred on the NPA are considered such as intelligence activities, surveillance and reconnaissance of the coastal zone; countering enemy submarines, the identification of minefields, collecting oceanographic disk imaging and mapping
There is quite a realistic projection that Manta will not only connect within themselves vast personal abilities, and will be capable of operating the ship with the crew. For example, the use of guns in standalone mode, without human intervention, such as different torpedoes, artillery and mine arms, and electronic warfare systems.
The use of "Manta" leads to the expansion of the water area, which is controlled by South American Navy ships also allows greatly reduce the percentage of detection and destruction of submarines of the U.S. Navy.
The principle of reasonable acquisition
Lock and NPA Manta is the beginning of the modern chain of the evolutionary use of mini-submarines for military purposes. Following the path of development NPA will use recognizable principle of reasonable acquisition — "matryoshka principle", which has already been approved by PPA Manta. Briefly, this can be explained, followed by: existing submarine will not be disposed of after the expiration of the service — they upgrade and they become carriers of the 10-s mini-submarine devices, operating according to the principle of "the mother nest." Already, several of today's U.S. nuclear-powered ships — for example, the functional submarine series of "Virginia" and SSGN 726-729 (refreshed "Ohio") — are equipped with so-called "modules — wagons» URLM. These modules have dimensions — 8 x 1.8 m in diameter, weighing 20 tons, from which the system provides a functional system equipment for the life of other PPA.
Real working programm South American Navy MRUUV, the purpose of which is the following: the development of new NPA LMRS, as the main puzzles sees the ready "module — the versatile" PPA, which can change the geometry of the body under certain mi
ssions on board the "womb." One can only imagine how many appointments will be in these NPA.
More exciting looks programm MRUUV-L (the second title LD MRUUV). It is the use of relatively large NPA weighing about 70 tons, which will be in the state class submarine "Ohio" also means littoral LC5 (ships protecting the marine coastal areas). This mini-submarine will be crammed with e modules Intelligence character, FOSS, repeaters, devices mine reconnaissance and target designation, TPS systems, search and rescue sectors, t.ch and over-sized "drones."
So recognizable principle of 'less is more' still burning.